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倘腿岩判岩挛 瘟欣俏吕腿 屠邮 形蜒壬咽紊 耘呐欣秩 遗胀嗡蚊茸叛嗜 韧岩纫右 耘呐欣塑臀梦 梦延睦醒衣磐臀梦 瘟欣俏吕遗塑臀梦 幼信颇磐冗 论沿琶 闲卧叛讶瓮浪芡蚊 瘟欣俏吕腿 仆凵 耘呐欣塑哇 油嚷判讶遗一 .. 羊囵麇黻, .. 妈邂弼觇 凌铗艴龛麇耜桢 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽梃 喻遽眍 镱耦徼 亦汔眇钽 2010 幽 573.6.086.83:007; 573.6.087 .. 羊囵麇黻, .. 妈邂弼觇. 桀蝈蹴梓羼觇 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽梃: 喻遽眍 镱耦徼 亦汔眇钽: 如-忸 乙 拊, 2010. 52 .

泥眄铄 篦遽眍 镱耦徼 镳邃磬珥圜屙 潆 铖忸屙 耋耱怏桴 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽栝 戾滂觐-徼铍钽梓羼觇 桉耠邃钼囗.

朽耨祛蝠屙 祛溴朦 戾滂鲨眈觐泐 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觐泐 镳铞羼襦, 铖钺屙眍耱 镳钼邃屙 戾滂觐-徼铍钽梓羼觇 桉耠邃钼囗栝.

喻遽眍 镱耦徼 镳邃磬珥圜屙 潆 镱溷铗钼觇 徉赅豚怵钼 爨汨耱痤 镱 磬镳噔脲龛 201000 桀蝈蹴梓羼觇 耔耱屐 蝈蹴铍钽梃, 蜞赕 潆 耱箐屙蝾 蝈蹴梓羼觇 怏珙, 钺篦帼躐 镱 戾滂觐蝈蹴梓羼觇 耧弼栲朦眍耱.

入. 3. 亦犭. 4. 凌犭桀沭.: 5 绣鲥礴屙螓:

戊咫屙觐 .. - 徼铍. 磬箨, 镳铘., 玎. 赅翦漯铋 戾滂鲨眈觐 徼铍钽梓羼觐 翳玷觇 蓄耱锰;

燕踵痤 .. 赅礓. 蝈蹴. 磬箨, 漕鲥眚, 滂疱牝铕 吞 彘痤蝈趸.

2 I 膛娜秩脱嗜 遗胀嗡蚊热 闲温拍磐冗 妊阉拍温劳壬.

瘟偃 衔瓦胰 市纫判热 1.1 项蜩 蝈蹴铍钽梃 义蹴铍 汨 (铗 沭鬻. tchne 桉牦耨蜮, 爨耱屦耱忸, 箪屙桢 沭鬻.

腩汨 桤篦屙桢) 耦忸牦镯铖螯 戾蝾漕 桧耱痼戾眚钼 潆 漕耱桄屙 驽豚屐钽 疱珞朦蜞蜞; 耧铖钺 镳孱狃噻钼囗 溧眄钽 礤钺躅滂祛.

义蹴铍钽 痤觐 耢脲 钺 珥囗栝, 觐蝾瘥 祛骓 桉镱朦珙忄螯 潆 镳铊玮钿耱忄 蝾忄痤 篑塍 桤 铐铎梓羼觇 疱耋瘃钼.

义蹴铍钽 箸觐 耢脲 耧铖钺 镳孱狃噻钼囗 忮耱忄, 屦汨, 桧纛痨圉梃 镳铞羼皴 桤泐蝾怆屙 镳钿箨鲨, 钺疣犷蜿 镥疱疣犷蜿 爨蝈痂嚯钼, 襻铕觇 泐蝾恹 桤溴腓, 觐眚痤 赅麇耱忄, 箫疣怆屙.

义蹴铍钽 怅膻鬣弪 皴徨 戾蝾潲, 镳桢禧, 疱骅 疣犷螓, 镱耠邃钼囹咫铖螯 铒屦圉栝 镳铞邃箴, 铐 蝈耥 疋玎磬 镳桁屙屐 耩邃耱忄扈, 钺铕箐钼囗桢, 桧耱痼戾眚囔, 桉镱朦珞屐 爨蝈痂嚯囔.

杨怵屐屙睇 蝈蹴铍钽梃 铖眍忄睇 磬 漕耱桄屙 磬篦眍蝈蹴梓羼觐泐 镳钽疱耨 铕桢眚桊钼囗 磬 镳铊玮钿耱忸 镳钿箨蜞:

爨蝈痂嚯 蝈蹴铍钽 耦玟喔 爨蝈痂嚯 镳钿箨, 桧纛痨圉桀眄 蝈蹴铍钽 (纫) 桧纛痨圉桀眄 镳钿箨. 义蹴铍钽  蜞赕 磬篦磬 滂聆栾腓磬, 疣琊噌囹帼 耦忮瘌屙耱怏 耧铖钺 桧耱痼戾眚 镳铊玮钿耱忄. 猁蝮 蝈蹴铍钽桢 镳桧蝾 磬琨忄螯 铒桉囗桢 镳铊玮钿耱忮眄 镳铞羼耦, 桧耱痼牿梃 镱 桴 恹镱腠屙棹, 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 蝠遽钼囗 镳. 义蹴铍钽桢 桦 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼耦 鬣耱 磬琨忄 蜞赕 襦扈 铒屦圉梃 漕猁麒, 蝠囗耧铕蜩痤怅 镥疱疣犷蜿, 觐蝾瘥 怆 铖眍忸 镳铊玮钿耱忮眄钽 镳铞羼襦.

义蹴梓羼觇 觐眚痤朦 磬 镳铊玮钿耱忮 蝾驽 怆弪 鬣耱 蝈蹴铍钽梃.

朽琊噌铗觐 蝈蹴铍钽栝 玎龛爨 蝈蹴铍钽, 桧驽礤瘥, 觐眈蝠箨蝾瘥, 镳钽疣祆桉螓 漯筱桢 耧弼栲腓耱 耦铗忮蝰蜮簋 钺豚耱.

义蹴铍钽 镱 戾蝾漕腩汨 挝 腓犷 蝈蹴铍钽 麒耱铎 忤溴, 铛忄螓忄 戾蝾潲 蝈蹴桕 镳铊玮钿耱忄 蝾忄痤 篑塍; 腓犷 忸镫铢屙磬 蝈蹴铍钽, 铛忄螓忄 爨睇, 钺铕箐钼囗桢 耦铕箧屙, 鲥臌 镳铊玮钿耱忮眄 耔耱屐 镳钿箨鲨 恹耦觇扈 蝈蹴桕铨觐眍扈麇耜桁 镟疣戾蝠囔.

蔓耦觇 蝈蹴铍钽梃 袜栳铍邋 眍恹 镳钽疱耨桠睇 蝈蹴铍钽梃 耦怵屐屙眍耱 铗眍 恹耦觇 蝈蹴铍钽 (囗汶. high technology, hi-tech). 襄疱躅 桉镱朦珙忄龛 恹耦觇 蝈蹴铍钽栝 耦铗忮蝰蜮簋 桁 蝈蹴桕 怆弪 忄骓彘 玮屙铎 磬篦眍-蝈蹴梓羼觐 疱忸膻鲨 (鸵) 磬 耦怵屐屙眍 囡. 恹耦觇 蝈蹴铍钽 钺眍 铗眍 襦禧 磬箨罡礻桢 铗疣耠 镳铎脲眄铖蜩: 扈牮铨脲牝痤龛赅, 恹麒耠栩咫 蝈蹴桕, 痤犷蝾蝈蹴桕, 囹铎磬 屦沐蜩赅, 襦祛敫蝾耱痤屙桢, 觐耢梓羼赅 蝈蹴桕, 扈牮钺桀腩汨麇耜 镳铎脲眄铖螯.

软眍忄鲨铐睇 蝈蹴铍钽梃 软眍忄鲨铐睇 蝈蹴铍钽梃 磬犷瘥 戾蝾漕 耩邃耱, 镱滗屦骅忄桴 囡 疱嚯桤圉梃 眍忸忖邃屙. 朽珉梓帼 忤潲 桧眍忄鲨铐睇 蝈蹴铍钽栝:

忭邃疱龛;

蝠屙桧 (镱溷铗钼赅 赅漯钼 桧牦徉鲨 爨臌 镳邃镳蜩);

觐眈嚯蜩磴;

蝠囗耵屦;

囿滂;

桧骅龛痂磴 凌铗艴眍腩汨 痤觐 耢脲 镱沭囗梓磬 戾驿 徼铍钽桢 蝈蹴桕铋 磬篦磬 滂聆栾腓磬 耵屦 镳嚓蜩觇, 桤篦帼 矬蜩 戾蝾潲 桤戾礤龛 铌痼驵彘 麇腩忮赅 镳桊钿眍 耩邃 耦铗忮蝰蜮梃 邈 镱蝠遽眍耱扈.

凌铗艴眍腩汨 箸觐 耢脲 耦忸牦镯铖螯 戾蝾漕 镳桢祛 镱塍麇龛 镱脲珥 潆 麇腩忮赅 镳钿箨蝾 怆屙栝 镱祛 徼铍钽梓羼觇 嚆屙蝾. 耦耱噔 徼铗艴眍腩汨 怩钿 沐眄, 觌弪铟磬 铍钽梓羼赅 桧驽礤痂.

1.2 务眍忭铋 玎觐 蝈蹴铍钽梃 吾 玎觐眍 潆 怦艴 桉蝾痂麇耜桴 铛 怆弪 箪屙屙桢 玎蝠囹 邃桧桷 麇腩忮麇耜铋 耔臌 磬 邃桧桷 镳钿箨鲨 怦脲漶蜮桢 痤耱 镳铊玮钿栩咫铖蜩 钺耱忮眄钽 蝠箐. 青戾蜩, 黩 镳铄牝桊钼囗桢 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼耦 矬螯 耥桄屙棹 玎蝠囹 磬 戾滂鲨眈觐 钺羼镥麇龛. 漯筱铋 耱铕铐, 桤 怦艴 铒疱溴脲龛 蝾腙钼囗栝 镱蜩 艴眍腩汨 艴眍腩汨麇耜栝 镳铞羼窕 恹蝈赅弪 镱腩驽龛 蝾, 黩 镱蝠遽眍耱 麇腩忮赅 镱塍麇龛, 磬镳桁屦 戾滂鲨眈觇 篑塍, 滂牝箦蝰 觐眚尻耱 钿眍泐 蝾泐 驽 篑腩忤 镱塍麇龛 眍忸泐 赅麇耱忄.

亦觇 钺疣珙, 铖眍忭 玎觐眍 蝈蹴铍钽梃 怆弪 蜞赅 铍 蝈蹴铍钽栝 (忭 玎忤耔祛耱 铗 镳邃戾蝽铋 钺豚耱), 觐蝾疣 钺羼镥麒忄弪 赅驿 觐黻疱蝽 篑腩忤 磬桦篦 赅麇耱忸 镳 玎溧眄 钽疣龛麇龛 磬 玎蝠囹.



1.3 奏耱睇 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼 义蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼, 镱 铒疱溴脲龛, 漕耱囹铟眍 躅痤 耱痼牝箴桊钼囗眍 怆屙桢 (痂. 1.1). 务眍忭 镱滹痤鲥耨 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觐泐 镳铞羼襦 鬣耱睇 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼覃.

务眍忭 铗腓麒蝈朦睇扈 麇痱囔 鬣耱眍泐 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觐泐 镳铞羼襦 怆:

1. 络螓 铗溴朦眍耱 鬣耱睇 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼 徉玷痼弪 磬 钺 潆 礤泐 觌桧梓羼觇 镳邃耱噔脲龛 (磬镳桁屦, 耥蜩 尻蝠铌囵滂钽疣祆). 奏耱睇 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼, 赅 镳噔桦, 镳铊聃钿栩 镳邃咫圊 钿眍泐 疣犷麇泐 戾耱 (磬镳桁屦, 铒屦圉桀眄钽 耱铍).

2. 奏耱睇 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼 礤 祛驽 钺羼镥麒螯 忮顸 觐祜脲犟 溴轳蜮栝, 镱玮铍桴 镱塍麒螯 戾滂鲨眈牦 镱祛 觐黻疱蝽铎 耠篦噱.

3. 奏耱睇 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼 镱漯噻箪邂噱 眍忄鲨 赅 蝈铕弪梓羼觇, 蜞 镳嚓蜩麇耜桢, 磬镳噔脲眄 磬 邈 耦忮瘌屙耱忸忄龛.

亦觇 钺疣珙, 鬣耱睇 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼  箴钼屙 牮桉蜞腚桤圉梃 眍恹 蝈铕弪梓羼觇 镱腩驽龛 桤钺疱蜞蝈朦耜桴 疱龛 觌桧梓羼觐 戾滂鲨礤.

4. 奏耱眍祗 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觐祗 镳铞羼耋 耦铗忮蝰蜮箦 觐黻疱蝽 耧弼栲朦眍耱 (耧弼栲腓耱 塍麇忸 滂嚆眍耱桕, 蹊痼疸, 铘蜞朦祛腩, 怵圜豚犷疣眚 ..).

需. 1.1 羊痼牝箴 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觐泐 镳铞羼襦 1.4 体滂鲨眈赅 蝈蹴铍钽 体滂鲨眈赅 蝈蹴铍钽  疣玟咫 耦鲨嚯铋 蝈蹴铍钽梃.

橡邃戾蝾 戾滂鲨眈觐 蝈蹴铍钽梃 怆 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼覃. 锐躅 桤 镱腩驽龛 钺 蝈铕梃 蝈蹴铍钽梃, 铖眍忭 玎溧鬣扈 戾滂鲨眈觐 蝈蹴铍钽梃 怆:

1. 橡铄牝桊钼囗桢 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼耦.

2. 皖痨桊钼囗桢 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼耦.

3. 物蜩扈玎鲨 祛溴脲 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼耦, 磬镳桁屦 蝾麝 琊屙 箪屙屙 疣聃钿钼 磬 桴 疱嚯桤圉棹.

4. 体蝠铍钽梓羼觐 钺羼镥麇龛 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼耦.

5. 暑眚痤朦 玎 耦犭屙桢 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 疱骅祛 脲麇犴钿栲沩铖蜩麇耜钽 镳铞羼襦.

6. 蓐耧屦蜩玎 赅麇耱忄 戾滂鲨眈觐 镱祛.

7. 锐耠邃钼囗桢 翦牝桠眍耱 戾滂鲨眈觐 镱祛.

8. 理嚯桤 怆龛 桧麴囫蝠箨蝮瘥 蝠箐钼钽 镳铞羼襦 脲麇犴铎 篦疱驿屙梃 磬 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼覃.

疋铪 铟屦邃 镳铄牝桊钼囗桢 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼耦 怆弪 襦祛耱蝈朦睇 疣玟咫铎 觌桧梓羼觐 戾滂鲨睇.

体滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼  耔耱屐 忡噼祛疋玎眄 礤钺躅滂禧 漕耱囹铟睇 磬篦眍 钺铖眍忄眄 脲麇犴-滂嚆眍耱梓羼觇 戾痤镳蜩, 恹镱腠屙桢 觐蝾瘥 镱玮铍弪 磬栳铍邋 疣鲨铐嚯 钺疣珙 镳钼羼蜩 脲麇龛 钺羼镥麒螯 漕耱桄屙桢 爨犟桁嚯钽 耦铗忮蝰蜮 磬篦眍 镳钽眍玷痼屐 疱珞朦蜞蝾 疱嚯 镳 扈龛扈玎鲨 玎蝠囹.

眍恹 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽 铗眍蝰 怙屦恹 镳邃豚汔屐 桉镱朦珙忄龛 磬 蝈痧栩铕梃 蓄耨栝耜铋 藻溴疣鲨 桦 篑钼屦眈蜮钼囗睇 耦忸牦镯铖蜩 戾蝾漕 (镳桢祛, 耧铖钺钼) 脲麇龛, 滂嚆眍耱桕, 镳铘桦嚓蜩觇, 疱噌桦栩圉梃, 耩邃耱, 镱祛 觐蝾瘥 溧眄 戾蝾潲 铖簌羼蜮, 礤觐蝾瘥 耠篦 耧铖钺 镱塍麇龛 耩邃耱忄, 镳桁屙屐钽 溧眄铋 蝈蹴铍钽梃. 体蝾潲 耩邃耱忄, 镳桁屙屐 眍恹 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽, 祛泱 怅膻鬣螯 皴 桉镱朦珙忄龛 脲赅瘃蜮屙睇 耩邃耱 桤溴腓 戾滂鲨眈觐泐 磬珥圜屙 镳 篑腩忤, 黩 铐 玎疱汨耱痂痤忄睇 篑蜞眍怆屙眍 镱潢 蓄耨栝耜铋 藻溴疣鲨 桉镱朦珞 耱痤泐 耦铗忮蝰蜮梃 篁忮疰溴眄 镳 疱汨耱疣鲨 桧耱痼牿扈 镱 戾滂鲨眈觐祗 镳桁屙屙棹. 锐镱朦珙忄龛 眍恹 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽 玎疱汨耱痂痤忄眄 蓄耨栝耜铋 藻溴疣鲨 脲赅瘃蜮屙睇 耩邃耱 (桦) 桤溴腓 戾滂鲨眈觐泐 磬珥圜屙 铗觌铐屙扈 铗 桧耱痼牿栝 镱 戾滂鲨眈觐祗 镳桁屙屙棹 礤 漕矬耜噱蝰.

1.5 务眍忭 镳桧鲨稃 戾滂鲨眈觐 蝈蹴铍钽梃 体滂鲨眈赅 蝈蹴铍钽 铕汔龛麇耜栝 屐屙 钺 蝈铕梃 蝈蹴铍钽梃, 觐蝾疣, 疋铪 铟屦邃, 鬣耱 钺 蝈铕梃 耔耱屐. 亦觇 钺疣珙, 戾滂鲨眈赅 蝈蹴铍钽 铗眍耔蝰 耔耱屐睇 磬镳噔脲龛 磬箨 箫疣怆屙梃 戾驿桉鲨镫桧囵眍祗 磬镳噔脲龛 戾滂鲨礤.

襄疱麒耠桁 铖眍忭 镳桧鲨稃, 脲驵 甯 铖眍忮.

1. 吾牝桠眍耱 耦玟囗 耦忮瘌屙耱忸忄龛 戾滂鲨眈觐 蝈蹴铍钽梃. 体滂鲨眈赅 蝈蹴铍钽 祛驽 徉玷痤忄螯 蝾朦觐 磬 溧眄, 镱塍麇眄 磬篦睇扈 戾蝾溧扈.

2. 皱脲耦钺疣珥铖螯 磬腓麒 鲥脲钺疣珞邈 牮栩屦.

塔徉 戾滂鲨眈赅 蝈蹴铍钽 漕腈磬 桁弪 觐黻疱蝽簋 鲥朦 牮栩屦梃 铞屙觇 邋 漕耱桄屙.

3. 捏嚯桤. 体滂鲨眈牦 蝈蹴铍钽棹 礤钺躅滂祛 疣耨爨蝠桠囹 赅 耔耱屐 艴眍腩汨麇耜栝 镳铞羼 麇腩忮昊. 义 襦禧 镱潋忮疰溧弪 磬腓麒 忡噼祛疋琰 钺牝桠眍泐 耋狷尻蜩忭钽 觐祜铐屙蝾 蝈蹴铍钽梃.

4. 蒽屦滏屙蝽铖螯. 马邃疱龛 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觐泐 镳铞羼襦, 耦耱泐 桤 觐祜脲犟 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 铒屦圉栝 疣犷螓 艴眍腩汨麇耜铋 觐爨礓, 邈 疱嚯桤簋, 溧弪 眍忸 赅麇耱忸, 镳桉簌邋 怦彘 耔耱屐 恹脲麒忄龛 镟鲨屙蜞.

5. 蒽镨痂麇耜栝 觐眚痤朦. 翌朦觐 疱珞朦蜞螓 镳嚓蜩麇耜钽 桉镱朦珙忄龛 戾滂鲨眈觐 蝈蹴铍钽梃 祛泱 耠箧栩 牮栩屦桢 邋 溴轳蜮屙眍耱.

6. 腆朦蜩忄痂囗蝽铖螯. 义蹴铍钽梓羼赅 玎溧鬣 礤 祛驽 桁弪 蝾朦觐 钿眍 疱龛.

7. 锐蝾黜桕铎 耦玟囗 耦忮瘌屙耱忸忄龛 戾滂鲨眈觐 蝈蹴铍钽梃 怆弪 镳铗桠铕鬻桢 戾驿 耱铊祛耱 脲麇龛 蝠遽钼囗桢 镱恹龛 邈 赅麇耱忄.

8. 暑祜铉桷桀眄铖螯. 杨怵屐屙磬 蝈蹴铍钽 铗溴朦睇 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼覃 篑腩骓桦桉 磬耱铍, 黩 铛忄蜩螯 桴 鲥腩 箐噱蝰 礤 怦邈溧. 项铎 桴 囗嚯桤桊簋 铒桉帼 钺眍 镱 鬣耱, 耱屣屙 溴蜞腓玎鲨 觐蝾瘥 玎忤耔 铗 溧 钺耱蝈朦耱 , 镳彐溴 怦邈, 铗 磬珥圜屙 鲥腓 襦扈 镳铞羼耦. 谚眚彗 (耦邃桧屙桢) 鬣耱彘 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觐泐 镳铞羼襦 铒疱溴脲龛屐 耦铗眍龛 (镟疣戾蝠钼) 戾驿 龛扈 怆弪 忄骓彘 镳桧鲨镱 桉耠邃钼囗栝 蝈蹴铍钽梃.





9. 橡桧鲨 疣珉铈屙 磬 耦耱噔睇 鬣耱. 褥屙眍 犭嚆钿囵 镳桧鲨矬 疣珉铈屙 怦觐泐 镳铞羼襦 磬 耦耱噔桢 屐屙螓 耦玟帼蝰 镳邃镱覃腙 邈 磬篦眍泐 耦忮瘌屙耱忸忄龛. 铃 篦弪 钽 镳桧鲨镟, . . 徨 磬篦眍 蝈蹴铍钽梃, 礤忸珈铈眍 耦邃桧屙桢 疣珉梓睇 铗疣耠彘 珥囗栝 镳嚓蜩麇耜铋 溴蝈朦眍耱. 软圜 泐忸, 蝈蹴铍钽 蝾 玮屙, 觐蝾痤 耦邃桧弪 蝈铕棹 镳嚓蜩觐. 项铎 桤篦屙棹 耱痼牝箴 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觐泐 镳铞羼襦 漕腈眍 箐咫螯 铖眍忭铄 忭桁囗桢.

10. 悟牮铖螯. 膻狍 戾滂鲨眈牦 蝈蹴铍钽棹 忸珈铈眍 忭羼屙桢 篁铟礤龛 漕镱腠屙栝.

11. 冷囡蜩忭铖螯. 体滂鲨眈赅 蝈蹴铍钽 漕腈磬 桁弪 忸珈铈眍耱 镳桠邃屙 邋 觐黻疱蝽 篑腩忤, 羼腓  礤 镳铗桠铕鬻栩 邋 耋铖蜩.

湾铗祀屐铋 鬣耱 镳铞羼襦 恹溧麒 疣琊屮屙 磬 镳桁屙屙桢 眍忸 戾滂鲨眈觐 蝈蹴铍钽梃 怆弪 觌囫耔翳赅鲨 玎忤耔祛耱 铗 耱屣屙 镱蝈眦栲朦眍泐 痂耜 镳桁屙屙 戾滂鲨眈觇 鲥 镱 蝠屐 觌囫襦:

觌囫 3 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽梃 恹耦觐 耱屣屙 痂耜, 怅膻鬣栝 皴 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽梃, 铌噻帼 镳祛 (蹊痼疸梓羼觐) 忸玟彘耱忤 磬 铕汔睇 蜿囗 铕汔龛珈 (玎 桉觌屙桢 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽栝, 铗眍躐 觐 2-祗 觌囫耋);

镫囫蜩麇耜桢 疱觐眈蝠箨蜩忭 铒屦圉梃; 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽梃, 疋玎眄 桉镱朦珙忄龛屐 觌弪铟睇 蝈蹴铍钽栝 沐眄 爨龛矬鲨, 蝠囗耧豚眚圉梃 铕汔眍 蜿囗彘;

觌囫 2 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽梃 耦 耩邃礤 耱屣屙 痂耜, 怅膻鬣栝 皴 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽梃, 铌噻帼 镳祛 (蹊痼疸梓羼觐) 忸玟彘耱忤 磬 觐骟, 耠桤桉螓 钺铍铟觇 羼蝈耱忮眄 镱腩耱 铕汔龛珈; 蝈疣镥怛梓羼觇, 翳玷铗屦囡邂蜩麇耜桢 蹊痼疸梓羼觇 爨龛矬鲨 溴痨囹铌铖戾蝾腩汨;

觌囫 1 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽梃 龛珀铋 耱屣屙 痂耜, 怅膻鬣栝 皴 镳铟桢 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽梃.

袜 痂. 1.2. 镱赅玎睇 铕汔龛玎鲨铐睇 箴钼龛 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 镳铞羼耦.

1.6 析屙赅 牮栩屦梃 翦牝桠眍耱 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽栝 屦扈 鲥黻 蝈蹴铍钽栝 玟疣忸铛疣礤龛杌 (我) 铉磬鬣弪 铒疱溴脲龛 耱铊祛耱, 翦牝桠眍耱 钺 镱耠邃耱忤 桉镱朦珙忄龛 怦艴 戾蝾漕, 镳桁屙屐 戾滂鲨眈觇扈 耧弼栲腓耱囔 潆 钺羼镥麇龛 玟铕钼, 镳铘桦嚓蜩觇 脲麇龛 玎犷脲忄龛, 耦忮瘌屙耱忸忄龛 疱噌桦栩圉梃 潆栩咫钽 篚钿 玎 犷朦睇扈 (UK. National Health Service.

Department of Health, 1994).

鲥黻 蝈蹴铍钽栝 玟疣忸铛疣礤龛...  耱痼牝箴桊钼囗睇 囗嚯桤 蝈蹴铍钽栝 玟疣忸铛疣礤龛, 磬犷 忡噼祛疋玎眄 蝈蹴铍钽栝 桦 忸镳铖钼, 疋玎眄 蝈蹴铍钽扈, 觐蝾瘥 镳桤忄 耦玟囹 铖眍怏 潆 镳桧蜩 耱疣蝈汨麇耜桴 疱龛榛.

鲥黻 蝈蹴铍钽栝 玟疣忸铛疣礤龛  囗嚯桤 戾滂鲨眈觇 蝈蹴铍钽栝, 怅膻鬣 镳铞邃箴, 钺铕箐钼囗桢 戾滂赅戾眚. 蒡 铞屙赅 蝠遽箦 戾驿桉鲨镫桧囵眍泐 镱漉钿, 磬鲥脲眄钽 磬 桤篦屙桢 徨珙镟耥铖蜩, 耱铊祛耱, 翦牝桠眍耱, 桧蝈眈桠眍耱 桉镱朦珙忄龛, 梓眍耱 赅麇耱忄 骅珥 犷朦睇趸 (枢磬漶觇 觐铕滂磬鲨铐睇 铗溴 镱 铞屙赍 蝈蹴铍钽栝 玟疣忸铛疣礤龛, 1995).

我  戾驿桉鲨镫桧囵磬 耵屦 耱疣蝈汨麇耜钽 桉耠邃钼囗.

雾 桤篦噱 戾滂鲨眈觇, 梓羼觇 铐铎梓羼觇 镱耠邃耱忤 疣琊噌铗觇, 忭邃疱龛 疣耧痤耱疣礤龛 蝈蹴铍钽栝 玟疣忸铛疣礤龛.

填骓 恹溴腓螯 蝠 赅蝈泐痂 蝈蹴铍钽栝 玟疣忸铛疣礤龛, 觌囫耔翳鲨痼 桴 镱 爨蝈痂嚯铋 铖眍忮, 鲥 囡囔 疣玮栩.

义蹴铍钽梃 祛骓 蜞赕 胥痼镲桊钼囹 耦铗忮蝰蜮梃 桴 戾滂鲨眈觇扈 鲥扈.

镳铘桦嚓蜩赅: 镳邃磬珥圜屙 潆 玎螓 铗 犷脲珥彘 矬蝈 镳邃箫疱驿屙 忸珥桕眍忮龛, 耥桄屙 痂耜 玎犷脲忄龛扈, 犷瘘猁 桴 疣耧痤耱疣礤龛屐 镱耠邃耱忤扈 (桁祗龛玎鲨, 镳钽疣祆 忭篁痂犷朦龛黜钽 桧翦牿桀眄钽 觐眚痤);

耜痂龛磴: 磬鲥脲 磬 恹怆屙桢 犷脲珥彘 疋玎眄 龛扈 羿牝铕钼 痂耜 膻溴 徨 镳桤磬觐 玎犷脲忄龛 (磬镳桁屦:

蝮徨痍箅桧钼 蝈耱, 爨祆钽疣翳, 桤戾疱龛 躅脲耱屦桧 牮钼);

滂嚆眍耱桕: 桁邋 鲥朦 恹忤螯 镳梓桧, 踵疣牝屦 驽耱 玎犷脲忄龛 觐黻疱蝽钽 麇腩忮赅, (磬镳桁屦: 菔, 皴痤腩汨麇耜桢 蝈耱, 疱眚沐眍沭圄);

脲麇龛: 磬镳噔脲眍 磬 箅篦龛 桦 耦躔囗屙桢 觌桧梓羼觐泐 耦耱龛 犷朦眍泐, 镳邃箫疱驿屙桢 溧朦礤轼邈 篚箐龛 桦 漕耱桄屙桢 怵屐屙眍泐 钺脲泖屙 (磬镳桁屦: 铒屦圉 觐痤磬痦钽 眚桊钼囗, 锺桴铗屦囡, 脲赅瘃蜮屙眍 耥蜩 铐觐腩汨麇耜桴 犷脲);

疱噌桦栩圉: 镳邃磬珥圜屙 潆 忸耨蜞眍怆屙, 耦躔囗屙 桦 箅篦龛 翳玷麇耜钽 桦 箪耱忮眄钽 耦耱龛 犭嚆铒铍篦 犷朦眍泐 (磬镳桁屦: 镳钽疣祆 翳玷麇耜桴 箫疣骓屙栝 潆 犷朦睇 铖蝠 磬痼龛屐 祛玢钼钽 牮钼铑狃帙屙, 怦镱祛汔蝈朦眍 镳桉镱耦犭屙桢 镳 磬痼龛 疱麒).

湾 怦 蝈蹴铍钽梃 麇蜿 镱滹噤帼 镱 铗溴朦睇 赅蝈泐痂.

袜镳桁屦, 祉钽桢 滂嚆眍耱梓羼觇 蝈蹴铍钽梃 镳桁屙弪 蜞赕 潆 耜痂龛磴. 湾觐蝾瘥 蝈蹴铍钽梃 镳桁屙 赅 潆 滂嚆眍耱桕, 蜞 潆 脲麇龛, 磬镳桁屦, 觐痤磬痦 囗汨钽疣翳 桉镱朦珞弪 潆 恹怆屙 玎犷脲忄龛 皴痄鲟 觐眚痤 觐痤磬痦铋 囗汨铒豚耱桕. 褥镫囗蜩痼屐 赅痄桀溴翳狃桦蝾 觐眚痤腓痼弪 忸珥桕眍忮龛 筱痤驵桴 骅珥 囵栩扈 沐礤痂痼弪 尻蝠梓羼觇 桁矬朦覃 潆 镱滗屦驵龛 眍痨嚯钽 痂蜢 皴痄鲟. 蓦尻蝠铐磬 桉蝾痂 犷脲珥 玎溴轳蜮钼囗 疱龛 怦艴 蝈蹴铍钽梓羼觇 玎溧.

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锑蝈痂嚯 钽 襦轵 疣珈妁屙 潆 铉磬觐祀屙, 怦 镳噔 镳桧噤脲驵 桴 噔蝾疣.
篷腓 蔓 礤 耦汶囫睇 蝈, 黩 锣 爨蝈痂嚯 疣珈妁疙 磬 铎 襦轵, 镱驵塍轳蜞, 磬镨蝈 磬, 禧 蝈麇龛 1-2 疣犷麒 漤彘 箐嚯桁 邈.