condescending letter; peevish voice; fatuous irony; to turn off; to falter; to run around with smb; to give a deep sigh; woe of humankind; inconsolable grief; perceptible movement; disparity; slim and comely; brusque; suavely; chivalrous; mischief; to be disconcerted; commonplace; virtue; immaterial personality.
2. Give synonyms for:
desperate; fragile; perfectly; to be keen on; exhausted; gay; tiresome; malicious.
3. Explain the meaning of the prefixes un-; in-; im- in the words uncontrollable;
immaterial; intolerable; interminable.
Find examples of other words with un-; in-; im- and give antonyms to them.
4. Explain the meaning of the following phrases and reproduce the situations in which they occur:
1) canТt make head or tail of smth;
2) donТt care/give a hoot/two hoots;
3) to put on;
4) to make an appointment;
5) to be upset;
6) to put up with;
7) to have smth up smbТs sleeve;
8) to brazen it out;
9) to go about/round;
10) to make an allowance;
11) to take a great weight off smbТs mind B. Speech Exercises 1. Answer the following questions:
1. Among JuliaТs letters was one that had not come by post. Who wrote it What did it contain 2. Why did Julia ring Tom What did she want 3. What did Julia look like when Tom came to see her after the matinee 4. What impression did Julia produce on Tom What did she say to him Do you think she was sincere or not Did she get him back 5. How did Julia feel after their reconciliation What did he think of them and their relations 6. What was JuliaТs reputation What made Dolly go to Michael and talk to him about Julia What was Michael attitude towards DollyТs words 7. What can you say about Dolly Describe her. Give a detailed account of her behaviour and state she was in during the conversation with Michael.
8. What made Tom be Уlike a fishТs finФ at the cinema What did Julia think about it 9. What kind of talk did Julia and Dolly have 2. Who said it and in what connection 1. IТm not all milk and honey.
2. Men were creatures of habit.
3. Only a woman knows what a woman can do.
4. Men were such fools.
5. ItТs my damned virtue.
6. Her gift had neither age nor form.
3. Make up dialogues based on the text.
a) chapter 15 as it would be told by Julia;
b) chapter 16 as it would be told by 1. Michael; 2.Dolly;
c) chapter 18 as it would be told by Julia.
Unit 7: Chapters 19-Vocabulary notes:
1. frown [fraun] Ц v to bring your eyebrows together to show that you are annoyed or worried 2. ape Ц n 1. a large monkey without a tail or with a very short tail, such as a Gorilla or Chimpanzee; 2. infml an insulting word for a man who is rude or stupid 3. robust Ц adj (of a person or animal) strong and healthy 4. tighten Ц v to (cause to) become tight or tighter tight Ц adj closely fastened, held 5. perfidy Ц n fml esp. lit (an example of) disloyalty, treachery 6. allay Ц vt fml to make (a personТs or groupТs fear, doubt, anger, etc) less strong 7. perceive [ps:v] Ц v 1. to see smth or smb; 2. to have a belief about smth 8. utter Ц adj complete or extreme utter Ц vt slightly fml to say smth or to make a sound with your voice 9. bestow [bstu] Ц vt fml to give smth as an honor present 10. train Ц v to prepare or be prepared for a job, activity or sport by learning skills 11. linger Ц vi to take a long time to leave or disappear 12. subside Ц vi (of a condition) to become less strong or (of a building, area or land) to go down to a lower level 13. insipid Ц adj lacking a strong taste or character or lacking in interest or energy 14. revue [rvju:] Ц n a not very serious theatrical show with songs, dances and jokes 15. pierce [ps] Ц v to go through (smth), esp. in an exact manner or by making a carefully formed hole 16. irk Ц vt to annoy someone 17. forage Ц vi to go from place to place searching, esp. for food 18. devour [dvau] Ц vt 1. to eat eagerly and in large amounts so that nothing is left; 2. (of a feeling) to possess (a person); devouring Ц adj 19. dissipated Ц adj (typical of a person) who wastes his/her life in search of foolish or dangerous pleasure 20. skunk [skk] Ц n 1. a small black and white N American animal which gives out a powerful bad-smelling liquid as a defense when attacked; 2. infml usu.
humour a person who is bad, unfair, unkind A. Training Exercises 1. Paraphrase the following using words and word combinations from the chapters instead of underlined:
1. Her pain absorbed her so that she could not feel the grief she might have felt from her discovery of TomТs treachery.
2. A few days later Roger started his journey to Vienna.
3. You would never have thought that he was so dishonest.
4. Our policy has always been to give the younger people an opportunity.
5. УTheyТre going to ring up at exactly eight oТclockФ Ц he said.
6. While they waited for it she kept up a bright flow of conversation.
7. He had completely recovered from his bad temper.
8. Now she was nearly dead from exhaustion.
2. Use the following in sentences of your own:
an understudy; to toss up; unutterable boredom; to fetch; in high spirits; to get along;
to take advantage; cordial smile; to play off; to mention; to apologize; to take round;
a halting speech; a sulky look; to avoid; to give a sigh of relief; to thread.
3. The following suffixes are used to form different parts of speech:
Fill in the gaps by adding a suffix to the word in brackets:
1. He said youТd be _ (fury).
2. His _ (casual) defeated her.
3. She was _ (strangle) nervous.
4. You would never have thought that he was so _ (deceit).
5. Her cordial smile was the smile of a queen; her _ (gracious) kept you at a _ (respect) distance.
6. Her cigarette went out and she held it _ (help).
7. Rising to her feet to show that the audience was at an end, Julia put off her _ (royal).
8. ThatТs _ (understand).
9. SheТs got a very good scene almost at the _ (begin).
10. I know that. But her _ (act). DonТt you think sheТs good 11. I was rather _ (doubt) about it when they sent it me to read.
12. It seems almost _ (hope) unless youТve got influence or something.
13. Julia continued to smile with an almost intolerable _ (sweet).
14. She was _ (miserable) unhappy.
15. ItТs the most _ (price) joke IТve ever heard.
16. They found him _ (use) and heТd keep them.
17. She sat on, in the _ (dark), _ (grim) thinking how she would do it.
4. Look through the text and find the sentences with the Past Perfect.
5. Find in the text the following idiomatic expressions, explain their usage and make up situations to illustrate their meaning:
1. not for toffee Ц e.g. canТt act for toffee;
2. to get oneТs teeth into smth;
3. up to the neck;
4. to give oneself the air;
5. to put oneТs foot down;
6. to turn the tables on smb.
B. Speech Exercises.
1. Are the following statements true or false Correct the false ones:
1. Julia felt fine talking to Roger.
2. Julia was shocked to realize that without ever having really possessed Roger, she had lost him.
3. Julia gave up going to the smart supper places and to night clubs with Tom.
4. Julia was charmed to see Joan Denver. She liked her very much.
5. Joan Denver was sure of herself.
6. Michael went to the theatre to see Avice Crichton.
7. Tom was very happy to see Avice.
8. Julia refused to go to Avice CrichtonТs dressing-room.
9. Avice was very nervous talking to Julia.
10. Tom fell in love with Avice.
11. Tom was going to join Avice Crichton at the supper party.
2. Who said it and in what connection 1. УShaftesbury Avenue. Off the nail.Ф 2. УHard as nails. And with an eye to the main chance. Doing the colonelТs daughter on me.Ф 3. УBy God, she shall have the part.Ф 3. Make up key-questions that will cover the contents of the chapters under study.
4. Points for discussion:
1. JuliaТs talk with Roger;
2. The main points of the conversation between:
a) Julia and Joan Denver;
b) Julia and Avice Crichton;
3. УIt seems almost hopeless unless youТve got influence or somethingФ Ц said Avice Crichton. What did she mean by that Do you agree or disagree with her 4. Describe:
a) the way Julia behaved before going to the theatre to see Avice Crichton;
b) JuliaТs state of mind when she went home.
Unit 8: Chapters 22-Vocabulary notes:
1. rupture Ц v to burst or break, or cause this to happen rupture Ц n an end to a friendly relationship 2. ruffian Ц n a violent, wild and unpleasant person, usually a men 3. stifle Ц v 1. to be unable to breathe because of lack or air; 2. vt to prevent smth happening or continuing 4. rein Ц n a long thin piece of material, esp. leather, which helps you to control and direct a horse or young children 5. barnstorm Ц vi to travel from place to place making short stops to give theatre performances or make political speeches 6. magnanimous [m n nms] Ц adj fml very generous and honorable, esp.
towards an enemy 7. rant Ц v to speak or shout in a loud uncontrolled or angry way rant Ц n angry and meaningless speech 8. torment Ц n great mental suffering and unhappiness, or great physical pain 9. exuberant [ zju:brnt] Ц adj very energetic 10. contrition Ц n fml or literary, contrite Ц adj feeling or showing guilt or sorrow for oneТs actions 11. atone Ц vi fml to do smth that shows that you are sorry for smth bad you did or failed to do 12. succinct [skskt] Ц adj clear and short; expressing what needs to be said without unnecessary words 13. glare Ц n a long angry look 14. nuisance Ц n smth or someone that annoys you or causes trouble for you 15. mourning [m:nn] Ц n 1. an expression of sadness about smbТs death; 2.
black clothes as 1.
16. bereavement Ц n the experience of having a close relative or friend who has died 17. malice Ц n the wish to harm other people 18. expiate Ц vt fml to show regret for bad behaviour by doing smth to express that you are sorry and by accepting punishment 19. revelation Ц n making known smth that was secret or a fact made known 20. yield Ц 1. vt to supply or produce smth; 2. v to give up the control for smth;
often because you have forced to ; 3. vi slightly fml, to bend or break under pressure A. Training Exercises 1. Find in the text English equivalents for the following words and phrases and reproduce the contexts in which they are used:
ужасный день; вечна€ преданность; боготворить; с широкими взгл€дами;
св€затьс€ с кем -либо, ухватитьс€ за что-либо; отвращение; молодчина; стонать;
утрата; серый, суровый, но уютный городок; жертвовать деньги; искупление;
дрожащий голос; обманывать.
2. Find in the text the following idiomatic expressions, translate them into Russian, explain their usage and use them in sentences of your own:
1. to take smb down a peg or two;
2. what you lose on the swings you make up on the roundabouts;
3. cannot hold (show) a candle to;
4. the proof of the pudding is in the eating;
5. to laugh in (up) oneТs sleeve.
3. Put a preposition into each gap:
1. Bad times. He wants to give _ the flat.
2. She put _ the receiver.
3. How dare you talk _ me like that 4. I ought to have insisted _ your taking a holiday long ago.
5. She decided to go and stay _ her mother.
6. They read their papers and listened _ the radio that Julia had given them.
7. Nothing had happened _ them for years.
8. But still he could hardly believe _ his good fortune.
9. IТll write _ him just before I leave St. Malo.
10. He had waited _ her now for more than twenty years.
11. She arrived _ in Paris in the afternoon.
12. Charles switched _ everything but one shaded lamp.
13. When she left _ the theatre she told the butler to ring up Charles Tamerley.
4. Find in the text words and phrases describing:
5. Suggest words and phrases from your active vocabulary:
2. to have got a date;
3. to be very useful;
4. to stifle a passion;
5. to treat foully;
6. to feel listless and discouraged;
7. to neglect;
8. to take a cue;
9. a bluff;
10. to occur to smb.
B. Speech Exercises.
1. Answer the following questions:
1. Why did Julia have a wretched day 2. What happened to Tom 3. What impression did Charles make on Julia during the lunch 4. JuliaТs talk with Tom. What did she think of him 5. Michael suggested that Julia should have a rest. Why did he do that 6. How could Julia take hold of herself What gave her a sense of power and of liberation 7. Where did she decide to go Why Who came to say good-bye to her 8. What was the house JuliaТs mother and aunt lived in like How did they spend their time 9. What did Julia think of Charles 10. Before leaving for London Julia wrote a note to Charles. Why What did she want him to do What happened 11. Do you think Julia was a woman of character and a great actress Give your grounds.
2. Comment on the following words. Who said them and in what connection 1. Her acting was more important than any love affair in the world.
2. УSuccess isnТt everythingЕ After all, love is the only thing that matters.Ф 3. УOh my dear, life is so short and love is so transitory. The tragedy of life is that sometimes we get what we want.Ф 3. Compose the dialogue between Julia and Michael (chapter 22).
a) chapter 23 close to the text;
b) chapter 24 as it would be told by Julia.
Unit 9: Chapters 25-Vocabulary notes:
1. snatch Ц v to take holt of smth suddenly and roughly; snatch Ц n 2. perfunctory [pfktr] Ц adj quickly, without taking care or interest 3. dab Ц v to touch smth lightly and quickly, usually repeatedly; dab Ц n 4. prejudice Ц n an unfair and unreasonable opinion or feeling, esp. when formed without enough thought 5. accost Ц vt fml to approach or stop and speak to someone in a threatening way 6. thread Ц 1. n (a length of) a very thin fiber; 2. vt to put smth thin through a hole 7. throng Ц n a crowd or large group of people; throng Ц v 8. avert Ц vt 1. to prevent smth bad from happening; avoid; 2. to turn away (your eyes or thoughts) 9. jostle [sl] Ц v to knock or push roughly against someone in order to move past them 10. retrace Ц vt to go back over (a path, past action) 11. impudent Ц adj rude and not respectful, esp. towards someone who is older or in a more important position; impudence Ц n 12. subterfuge [sbtfju:] Ц n an action taken to hide smth from someone 13. stride Ц vi to walk somewhere quickly with long steps 14. wither Ц v to become weak and dry and decay 15. writhe [ra] Ц vi to make large twisting movements with the body 16. cantankerous [kntkrs] Ц adj bad-tempered; tending to argue and complain a lot 17. composure Ц n calmness and control 18. delude Ц vt to make (someone) believe smth that is not true; to deceive;
delusion Ц n a false belief 19. proposition Ц n a suggestion or a statement offered for consideration;
proposition Ц vt infml to ask someone if they would like to have sex with you 20. brocade Ц n heavy decorative cloth with a raised design often of gold or silver threads 21. pretence Ц n a way of behaving that is intended to deceive people A. Training Exercises 1. Give Russian equivalents and use the expressions in sentences of your own:
to reflect on; conduct; on this occasion; a puzzled look; a dense line; a bold stare; to give an exultant leap; a wash-out; to come into money; to tear smb, smth to pieces; to be/live in each otherТs pockets.
2. Explain the meaning of the following phrases:
to doll up; to get off with smb; to pay on the nail; to be absorbed; to jump (leap) out of smbТs skin; to be taken aback; to catch smbТs breath; not to turn a hair; to kick smb out; to draw smb out; to get down to brass tacks.
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