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МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ Государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования "Оренбургский государственный университет" Кафедра иностранных языков гуманитарных и социально-экономических специальностей Л.Ф. МАЧНЕВА, Т.В. МИНАКОВА АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК МЕТОДИЧЕСКИЕ УКАЗАНИЯ «THE LAW FACULTY. TYPES OF LEGAL PROFESSIONS» Рекомендовано к изданию Редакционно-издательским советом государственного образовательного учреждения высшего профессионального образования "Оренбургский государственный университет" Оренбург 2003 ББК 81.2. Англ Я7 М 37 УДК 802.0 (07) Рецензент кандидат филологических наук, доцент Н.С. Сахарова Мачнева Л.Ф., Минакова Т.В.

М37 Английский язык: Методические указания “The Law Faculty.Types of Legal Professions”. – Оренбург: ГОУ ОГУ, 2003 – 39 с.

Методические указания предназначены для студентов специальности 021102 “Юриспруденция”.

ББК 81.2. Англ Я7 © Мачнева Л.Ф., Минакова Т.В., 2003 © ГОУ ОГУ, 2003 2 Введение Данные методические указания предназначены для обучения английскому языку студентов 2 курса юридического факультета специальности 021102.

Методические указания построены на принципе взаимосвязанного обучения видам речевой деятельности на основе профессионально-ориентированного материала, вызывающего профессиональный интерес студентов к содержанию текстов и дающего возможность высказываться по проблемам их будущей специальности.

Пособие состоит из 5 разделов, каждый из которых рассчитан на прохождение в течение 4 часов. Все тексты аутентичны или компелированы из оригинальных источников. Предтекстовые упражнения и лексические пояснения к текстам снимают трудности при их чтении. Все упражнения мотивационно обусловлены, что выражается в профессионально-ориентированном ситуационном характере послетекстовых заданий. Большинство упражнений предусматривает выход в устную коммуникацию. Некоторые упражнения могут выполняться письменно по усмотрению преподавателя. Ряд упражнений первого раздела предназначен для самостоятельной работы студентов. Эти упражнения помечены знаком (*) и имеют ключи.

В группах с углубленным изучением английского языка рекомендуется прохождение материала в полном объеме, обычные группы могут использовать материал выборочно (кроме первого раздела, который следует проходить полностью) в зависимости от степени подготовленности группы. Возможно творческое переосмысление данных и добавление новых заданий в зависимости от методического опыта преподавателя и подготовленности группы.

1 Unit 1 Pre-Text Exercises 1.1 Pronounce the following words and word-combinations, try to remember their meaning. You’ll come across those words while reading the text Law Faculty - юридический факультет to provide insight - обеспечивать понимание society - общество invaluable - неоценимый training - обучение, подготовка reasoning [ri:zni] power - способность рассуждать verbal - устный skill - навык background - опыт; фон; предистория research - исследование extramural training - заочное обучение link - связь self-contained - изолированный legal rules - правовые нормы a range of subjects - ряд предметов major - главный remainder - остаток substantial - значительный access - доступ appropriate - подобающий; подходящий defend a graduation thesis - защищать дипломный проект common program me of study - общая программа обучения optional course - дополнительный курс compulsory - обязательный tutorial - семинар scholarship - стипендия benefit - выгода avenue of employment - сфера занятости to pursue rational argument - приводить разумный аргумент graduate - выпускник side of an argument - спорящая сторона opposite - противоположный ability - способность tool - инструмент; орудие forensic - судебный subsequent - последующий critical awareness - критическое мышление essence - сущность employer - работодатель post-graduate studies - обучение в аспирантуре 1.2 Check up if you remember the meaning of the following verbs. If not, consult a dictionary - to operate; - to upgrade; - to award;

- to offer; - to contain; - to achieve;

- to increase; - to enable; - to pursue;

- to enter; - to develop; - to be able to;

- to value; - to organise; - to present;

- to strech; - to hold; - to respond;

- to teach; - to complete; - to appreciate;

- to create; - to pass; - to choose;

- to apply; - to defend; - to favour.

- to explore; - to follow;

- to spend; - to focus;

- to house; - to include;

1.3 Find the equivalents 1 provide 1 обучение 2 training 2 неоценимый 3 society 3 поездка 4 invaluable 4 закон 5 law 5 общество 6 низкий 7 обеспечивать 1 research 1 наука 2 skill 2 подходящий 3 compulsory 3 дополнительный 4 approriate 4 выгода 5 benefit 5 обязательный 6 исследование 7 навык 1 способность рассуждать 1 pursue an argument 2 сфера занятости 2 post-graduate studies 3 приводить довод 3 avenue of employment 4 заочное обучение 4 side of an argument 5 обучение в аспирантуре 5 reasoning power 6 defend a graduation thesis 7 extra-mural training 1 значительный 1 self-contained 2 противоположный 2 subsequent 3 изолированный 3 verbal 4 последующий 4 substantial 5 устный 5 common 6 opposite 7 optional 1.4 Find the words close in meaning 1 to operate 1 now 2 to train 2 faculty 3 to offer 3 to give 4 area 4 to use 5 at present 5 chance 6 academic staff 6 to teach 7 decipline 7 field 8 to apply 8 to work 9 opportunity 9 to research 10 to explore 10 subject 1.5 Read the definitions and try to guess the words, which correspond to them 1 department or a group of relating departments (at a university);



2 all the teachers, lecturers, professors (at a university);

3 investigation undertaken in order to discover new facts, get additional information;

4 payment of money, a semester grant to a student for excellence in studies;

5 a person who employs others;

6 a person who holds a university degree;

7 occupation that needs advanced education and special training;

8 one of the periods in which the academic year is divided;

9 progress through life;

10 teaching period for a small group of university students.

1.6 Choose the right words for the following sentences 1 The study of Law provides how one of the central (institutions, institutes) operates.

2 It also offers an invaluable (physical, intellectual) training that should increase reasoning powers.

3 Law degrees are highly valued by many (employers, employees) in all areas of working life.

4 Law is studied against the broad social and political (background, rules).

5 The students have the (right, opportunity) to explore a range of subjects alongside the main Law Subject.

6 A Law Library is (housed, constructed) in the same building as the Law Faculty.

7 The library is (slowly, constantly) upgrading.

8 There are two seventeen – week semesters in a (study, academic) year.

9 Students must complete a course with (passing, taking) state exams and defending a graduation thesis.

10 The compulsory and optional subjects are taught both in large lecture (halls, groups) and in seminar groups.

1.7 Fill in the blanks with appropriate words 1 I am a second-year student of the … Faculty.

2 Our Faculty was … in 1995.

3 The study of Law offers an invaluable … training that increases reasoning powers.

4 Law degrees are highly … by many employers working in different areas of life.

5 In Years 1 and 2 students follow a … programme of study.

6 There is a wide … of optional subjects at the Law Faculty.

7 Scholarship is given to a Law student with the … examination results.

8 The graduates of the Law Faculty are able to understand how to present a case in its best … 9 The essence of the Faculty Law … is the combination of good knowledge and critical awareness.

10 The Law Faculty … have gone to successful careers in legal profession, commerce and industry.

1 graduates; 2 intellectual; 3 programme; 4 best; 5 light; 6 law; 7 founded; selection; 9 valued; 10 common.

2 Unit 2 Law Faculty of the Orenburg State University 2.1 Read the text and translate it Law Faculty of the Orenburg State University Why Law The study of Law provides an insight into how one of the central institutions in our society operates. It also offers an invaluable intellectual training that should increase reasoning powers and verbal and written skills. As well as providing a background for entry into the legal profession, Law degrees are highly valued by many employers in all areas of working life.

Why Law at the Orenburg State The Orenburg State University has a tradition of teaching and research in the field of law stretching to the foundation of the Law Faculty in 1995. At present it has got departments: day-time and extramural training more than 1900 students.

The Law Faculty academic staff teach and research across a broad range of subjects: Civil Law, Criminal Law, Environmental Law, International Law, Financial Law, Administrative Law, etc.

The Faculty has excellent links with legal profession (both locally and nationally), and with lawyers living and working in the city.

Like other subjects at the Orenburg State University, law is not taught as an isolated and self-contained decipline. Rather it is studied against the broad social, political and economic background in which legal rules are created and applied. The students have the opportunity to explore a range of subjects alongside the main Law subject. Around 60 percent of their time is spent on their Major subjects, and the remainder on courses which provide the context in which they study Law: History, Foreign languages, Philosophy, Economics, History of State and Law and others.

A Law Library is housed in the same building as the Law Faculty. The library is constantly upgrading and contains a substantial collection of law books and materials.

Access to on-line materials is good at the University Internet Centre and this, together with wide – ranging periodicals and books, enables students to get approptiate professional training and develop research skills.

How you learn Teaching is organized on a modular basis. There are two seventeen – week semesters in an academic year, the first beginning on September 1, the second in the beginning of February. Examinations are held at the end of each semester, in January and June. Students must complete a course with passing state exams and defending a graduation thesis. The course of studies lasts 5 years.

In Years 1 and 2 students follow a common programme of study. In Year 3 students have the opportunity to focus on areas of especial interest by taking optional courses.

There is a wide selection of options, including: Administrative Law, Commercial Law, Consumer Law, Criminology, Environmental Law, Family Law, Employment Law, International Law, etc.





The compulsory and optional subjects are taught both in large lecture groups and in seminar groups and in small tutorials of approximately 10 or so students.

Scholarship Scholarship is given to a Law student with the best examination results. Several prizes are also awarded for excellence.

What the students achieve The training and education for law studies is of benefit in the practice of Law and other avenues of employment.

During their degree the students develop their intellectual skills for understanding and pursuing rational argument. The graduates when they have completed their degree are able to understand how to make a case for one side of an argument and how to present this so that it can be seen in its best light; they also know how to make the best opposite case.

The graduates of the faculty develop the ability to listen and respond intelligently to others. All importantly, they develop the tools with which they will learn and appreciate other intellectual and forensic ideas in the subsequent world of work and further education.

Career prospects Whether or not a student is thinking about a career in legal practice his Law degree serves him well when it comes to choosing a career. The combination of good knowledge and critical awareness that is the essence of the Faculty Law programme is increasinly favoured by employers.

The Law Faculty graduates have gone to successful careers in the legal profession and in commerce and industry. They have also been successful in post-graduate studies and research.

2.2 Assignments 2.2.1 Say whether the following statements are true or false a) One can understand how our society operates with the help of the study of Law.

b) The study of law decreases one’s verbal and written skills.

c) Law degrees are highly valued only by employers working in the field of jurisprudence.

d) Legal rules are created and applied against the broad social, political and economic background.

e) During the period of study the students spend all their time an studying law subjects.

f) A Law library is situated in the main teaching block.

g) To develop research skills the students use on-line materials and wide-ranging periodicals.

h) The academic year is divided into three seventeen - week terms.

i) All Law students are given scholarship despite the examination results.

j) A law career serves everyone well when it comes to choosing a career.

2.2.2 Add some details to the statements using the information from the text a) The Law Faculty at the Orenburg State University was founded in 1995.

b) Law is not taught as an isolated and self-contained decipline.

c) The students have the opportunity to explore a range of subjects.

d) During their degree the students develop their intellectual skills.

e) Law degree serves a graduate well when it comes to choosing a career.

2.2.3 Answer the following questions - What does the study of Law provide - What skills does the study of Law inerease - Are Law degrees highly valued by many employers Why - When was the Law Faculty founded at the Orenburg State University - What is the student body (overall, number of students) at the Law Faculty - What subjects do the Law Faculty academic staff teach and research across - Law is not taught as an isolated and self-contained subject, isn’t it - Do the Faculty have excellent links with the lawyers working in the city all over the country - What courses provide the context in which the students study Law - What facilities do the students have an access to - How is teaching organized at the Law Faculty - When do the students have to pass state exams and defend graduation thesis - In what way are the compulsory and optional subjects taught - What are scholarships are prizes awarded for - What abilities and tools do the graduates of the Faculty develop - What is the essence of the Faculty Law programme - What fields have the Law Faculty graduates been successful in 2.2.4 Ask your group-mate questions using one of the following expressions:

I’m sorry; May lask you; Will you tell me.

Example: May lask you What University do you study at - На каком факультете ты учишься, - Сколько студентов учится на твоем факультете - Какие предметы студенты изучают на твоем факультете - Когда был создан факультет, на котором ты учишься - Какими профессиональными навыками должны обладать выпускники факультета - Почему ты выбрал профессию юриста - Почему ты изучаешь право в Оренбургском государственном университете, а не в другом вузе - Как организовано обучение на твоем факультете - Получают ли студенты стипендию - Каковы перспективы в карьерном росте 2.2.5 Tell your friend:

- why you study law;

- why you study law at the Orenburg State University;

- how teaching is organized at the Law Faculty;

- who gets scholarships and prizes at the faculty;

- what the students achieve during their studies;

- what the career prospects are.

2.2.6 Discuss your faculty and future specialty in dialogues, based on the following situations 1 Your friend is a Law Faculty student. Ask him to tell you about the Faculty academic staff and departments.

2 You belong to the Law Faculty. Tell your friend how you learn Law at the Faculty. What you like and dislike.

3 Discuss with you friends your career prospects.

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