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. (Becker G.S. Human Capital. N.Y., 1964).,, ,. (),,,.

. :.... //. 2005. 2. . 137; Barr N. Alternative Funding Resources for Higher Education // The Economic Journal. 1993. Vol. 103. No. 418. P. 718728.

1.1.

. (compulsory education) 5 16.

: (primary education, 511 ) (secondary education, 1116 ). 16,.

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., (sixth-form college, SFC), (Further Education College, FEC) (Education Centre, EC). FEC EC, SFC .

undergraduate ( ) postgraduate ( ). undergraduate5: (BA); (BSc); (LLB); (BEd); (EEng); (BMus); (BM BS). 3 ( 4 ).

, 5 7.

1998.. 6..., 20012002,,,,,. 20000,. Theisens H. Higher education in The United Kingdom. Country report. Center for Higher Education Policy Studies.

2003.. 7.

. http://www.studinter.ru/uk/#2.

Theisens H. Ibid.. 37.

29784, 1075. 7.

1.2.

( 6, 4 ), () ( 4 6 ) (3 ),. (Hauptschule), (Realschule) (Gymnasium).

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. : (34 ),, (46 ), ( ). 9.

10.

http://www.uk.ru/education/scholarship.html.

Huisman J. Higher Education in Germany. Country report. Center for Higher Education Policy Studies. 2003.

. http://geducation.hotbox.ru/02.htm.

Huisman J. Ibid.

. (Bafog).

,.., : (), .

.,, (, ).

.,,. (Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes),. (Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst),.,.

.

1998. Bafog., 11. 12:

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, 20 ;

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. Bafog.

1.3.

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7 16,,,.,., .

Bafog: www.das-neue-bafoeg.de.

14.,. ().

, (upper-secondary education). 1819. 3.

. (, ),,., ( ). 13. ().

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14 22 3. .,.

,, 14. XX,., 1919. 1946,. 1965 : 25%, 75% . 1989, 2001, ().

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1.4.

.

23 (ecoles maternelles), 34 15. 6.

: (5 ), (4 ), (23 )..

:. http://informkiosk.com/West%20Europe/Sweden/sweden_index.html.

Salerno C. Higher Education in Sweden. Country report. Center for Higher Education Policy Studies. 2002.

Kaiser F. Higher Education in France. Country report. Center for Higher Education Policy Studies. 2001.



11 (college),. : ( , ), ( ) (, )., ( ).

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Kaizer F. Ibid.

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1.5.. 1.,. (curriculum),, (,,..), 18.

. 1... //. 2002. 1 (2).

: , http://usaedu.fromru.com/02.htm.

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IEFA http://www.iefa.org/. : http://www.financialaidofficer.com/, http:// www.internationalscholarships.com/.

).., Stafford loan:

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,.,.,.

(scholarship search). (scholarship)., .

Global leadership award ,, Brandeis International Business School.

60%.

ARCE Fellowship ,,.

TransCoop Program ,,.

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2. 2.1..

, 24.

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(general availability) (governmental participation)27.,, (eligible students),...

Finnie R. Student Financial Aid: The Roles of Loans and Grants. School of Policy Studies. WP 37. Dec. 2004.. 2.

.. : //. , 2002. 6. . 4249.

.... //. 2004. 4. C. 65.

Johnstone B. Student loans in International Perspective: Promises and Failures, Myths and Partial Truths. The Center for Comparative and Global Studies in Education, University at Buffalo. 2001.. 3.

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Johnstone B. Ibid.. 5.

Barr N. Alternative Funding Resources for Higher Education // The Economic Journal. 1993. Vol. 103. No. 418. P. 718728.

-, CL ICL. (.. 3),., 30:

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. 18 30. ,, 33.,,,.,,.,,,.,.,, (.. ). 10.. (Kreditanstalt fur Wiederaufbau, KFW).

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3 6.,.,,.

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30.,., 15. 3,7%.,,.,.,,. ( ).

1999.. :,.,,. 2000 10,8%,, . ( 4 )..

90- -.

Johnstone B. Ibid.. 7.

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. : http://comparative.edu.ru:9080/ PortalWeb/Msgid=5887.

(RT I, 2003, 33, 205). 23.03.1992.

2600. : http://www.5ballov.ru/news/ newsline/index.shtml2002/10/15/19558.

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