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2007 [24] 1 1 :

[24] [24] 2007 2007 1 1 :

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ISBN 978-5-7218-0925-5 , 2007................................................................................................................................................................ 4 1.................................................................... 5 2................................................................................ 10 3............................................................................................................................................... 17 4................................................................................................... 28 5.................................................................................. 37 6............................................................... 41 7......................................................................................................................................................... 47................................................................................................. 47.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... :............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. :......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ,,, ,,., , , .

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1. 1., -. 19982000, 2001,. 2000 11%, 20022003 12%, 2005 13,3% (.. 1).

2. 2005 789,9., 2005 2000 3,7 2,9,..

.

1.

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 :

. 214,7 277,8 409,4 475,6 593,4 789, % 11,0 11,5 12,0 12,0 12,7 13, :

. 38,1 54,5 81,7 99,8 121,6 162, % 17,7 19,6 20,0 21,0 20,5 20, :

. 176,6 223,3 327,7 375,8 471,8 627, % 82,3 80,4 80,0 79,0 79,5 79,3.. : 2006.. .: , 2006. . 8.

20002005 70%. 1991, 13%.

4. 162,1. (20,5% ), 627,8. (79,5% ). 1995 15,7% 84,3%,.

5.,. 1997 (4,8%), (2,9%). 2002 3,8%, 2005 3,7%.

1. : 2002.0 2 4 6 8 3, 5,5, 5, 5,5, 5,4, 4, 3,8, 7,4, 5,4, 4,4, 4,5, 4,5, 5,6, 5,7, 7,5, 5,5, 5,4, 3, 2,6, 6,5, 4, 4,5, 5,7, 7,3, 3,1995 : 2006.. .: , 2006. . 9.

6. 5,4% 7,6%., 8,5%.

, 3,6% (.. 1).

7. 19952000. 2001. 3,7, 3,1, 2,2, 2,5, 2,7.

(., )3.

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 32,0 42,7 62,3 72,1 91,7 113, 107,9 144,0 215,3 236,6 298,1 355, 13,4 17,7 26,8 30,4 35,6 39, 10,2 14,1 20,1 24,1 30,5 43, 24,4 34,0 48,4 61,2 76,9 125, 1,4 2,0 3,1 3,7 4,7 6, 14, 1,8. 2005 1995 2,3.

1,5, 13,0%, 12,5% 17,4%.,,,.

9. 2005 0,5%, 1,7%, 0,2%, 0,2% 0,6%.

10. ( ) 3,7%., (1,9% ) (1,7% )., (2,1% ), (2,2% ) (2,7% ).

: 2006.. .: , 2006.. 62.

2. 4.

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41,27,26,25,24,22,25 22,20,18,18,8,7,6,5,..

19,14,12,12,12,11,5 11,10,10,10,8,7,6,5, 2000 2004 11. 2005 24,9.., 23.., 28..,, 27.., 42.. (.. 2).

, ( 17,4.. 32,0.. ). :

2005 2000 2. : 2006.. .: , 2006. . 20.

. 20002005 2,2.

12..

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13. ,.,. 88%, 57,4%. : 9 62% 70% , 11% 9%, 5% 2%. 20%,,,.. 2006 38 47% (!),,.

. 3. 1 : 9- 2 0 2. 9000 (.. ) 3000 .,, :, .

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1.. : (62%) (44%).

. 4., ( ) 15 10 2 0 0 ( ) 2. 2005/06 (2324%), (1215%). (38%), (17%).

3.., (25% 10%).,,,,,.



4.,,,,, 4%,.,.

5. : (44%),, (3536%) .,.,., -,.

: (56% 31% ) - (30% 16%).

. 5., (, ) 44 13 10 ( ) 6., : 52,7.., 37,8..., 46, : 8,9 9,7...

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. 6., 2005/(.. ) 52,37,36,21,20,17,9,6 9,9 8,8,7,6,5, ( ) 7., 1,52,5., (8,3.. 6,7.. ),, (5,2 9,0.. 8,9,7..).

8.,, (81%).

9. : 77%, 4%.,,.,.

10. (70% 75% ).,, (52%). (22%)., 4%. 9%, 7% .

11. . (70% 62%).

12.,, () () () (),.

13., ( ),.

14., : 8%, 11% , 73% , 9% .

15., 40% ( ).. 60% .

16.,,,,,.,,,,,.

17. ( 2002/03 ) : 3940% ,,.,.

,. (32%), (2325%), 7%, 3%,..

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. 7. 37, ( ) 31,23,724,21,18,15,13,9,6 9,10 7,7,6,6,6,1 6,5,4 5,4,4,4,2 4,3,3,5 3,2, 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 () 2005/ 52,50 47,42,36,35,30 27,20,19,17,16,8 17 16,13,9 9,8,8 8,8,8,3 8,8 8,5,4,4,3,3, 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 () 2005/18. 2003/04,,. ( 24, 37,8..) .,.,,.. (, ).

19. . :.., ( ) ().,,,.,,,,,.,.,,,.

. 8. () ( ) 90 80 70 1 41, 1 2 45 60 30 35, 20. 17% 15%,. (51% 47% ). 21%,,.,, (6% 2%), () () () () () () () (). (14% 7%), (6% 2%).,,.

21.,.,,, 61%, 26% 5%.

22. ( 21% 2005/06, 42%). (19%), (16%), (9%) (9%), (8%).

23.,,. (49% 42%), (46% 27%), (25% 9%),.

24.,,,,., .

25.,, (39% 27%).,,,,, (15% 19% 35% 41% ).

26.,, (64% )., (19%), ( 10% 7%). (5%).

27., (50% 28% ).

28., : 27 32... 3.. 5.., 15 4..,,,,,,.., 9 18...,,,.

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1., :

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, ( 1213.., 6..), ( 63%, 65 68%).

, ( 8485% 88%). ( 20.., : 65%, 52%). ,.,, 61%, 46% 28% ( 2004. 47.. ), 7 16% ( 3.. ) (.. 4).

( ) 2003 2004 2005 2003 2004 2005 2003 2004 88 88 90 88 92 89 85 87 - 91 93 96 95 95 2003 2004 2005 2003 2004 2005 2003 2004 87 86 88 80 86 86 78 76 84 85 88 84 88 88 85 91 85 86 88 74 83 83 72 76 81 87 - 84 88 88 77 82 82 73 74. 79 83 83 71 77 82 54 61, 80 81 81 65 69 68 53 60 76 84 84 47 59 65 31 46 75 79 81 68 72 75 60 65 72 77 76 58 66 65 46 52 59 60 70 46 51 63 37 42 57 60 63 52 61 65 50 57 58 58 62 43 50 52 40 47 3..

( ) 33% 23%. 7%, 12% 23%.

,, :,, 43% ( 50% 33% ), 24 28%.

4%, 14 16%.,,.

.,, 43% 29% ( ), 13%.

,,,, 76% ( 65%, 43%).

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(2236%), (3942%), (1542%). 9%.

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. 9. ( ) 29 56 15 43 50 7 15 50 2004 24 56 20 14 40 46 10 36 19 56 25 18 38 43 6 52 27 51 22 16 50 33 35 52 2004 25 58 18 17 53 31 10 59 28 60 13 18 60 22 14 57 29 57 13 17 39 43 20 45 2004 20 58 21 15 50 36 10 55 2003 17 62 22 20 50 31 12 55 2005 19 60 21 16 54 2004 32 55 14 35 39 2003 34 53 12 35 57 7. 10% ( 3%), 25% ( 10%), 26% ( 13%).

, 19%, 9 7%, 21, 45 58% (. 10).

. 10. ( ) 55 52 45 50 25 10 2003 2004 2005 2003 2004 2005 2003 2004 ( ) 54 50 40 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 8. 43,9 74,4.., 22,9 32,9.. 18,8 23,9.., 11,8 14,6.. 17, 20,0.., 9,1 12,1..

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9.. 6%, 20% 64%. 10%, 8% 5%.,, 20%, 14% 13%., 88%, 63% 16%.

10.,,, ( 10.., 51%). (23% 6% ), 15% 7% (.. 11).

. 11. ( ) 57 17 17 16 11 9 9 8 10 44 442 2 2 1 2003 2004 2005 2003 2004 2005 2003 2004, 11.,, 14% (30 34%).,, ( 3956% ),, (3440%).,, (25%, 1413%) (20%, 12%). (612%), (45%), (25%).

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, 84%, 70% ( 58%), 25% ( 38% 35%).

13.,, (6571% ) (2029%)., - (1224%); (19 20%) (18%), (24%).

14.., 64%, 49% 59%.

( - 45%, 35 36%). (34%, 35- 30%) (..

12).

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19 9 9.

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16. 60%, 44 43%. : 15 26..,, 3..

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19. -. 4/5 2/3.

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20. : 21%, 8% ( ), 24.. ( )., 5, 28% ( 30 1/3 ). 21% ( ).

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,, ( 23% 34 43% ).

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(23%). ,.

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25. : 24% 57% , 17%., : 10%, 42%.., 2 3 1 4.

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28. 85%, 60% 47%,,.

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,,, 23%, 37 34%.

38% 1214%.

51%, 7% 4%. 56% 64%.

, 79%, 36% 17%.

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30..

30,, 55,6%,,,, 17,5% (, 73%).

3049 : 56,2 + 19,0% ( 75%).

: 54,7 + 16,9% (72%).

31. 76%,, 7%,.,, :,,.

4.,,. 7330 .

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,., (,..),,.,, ( ) 60 46,33,25,8 24,27,30 0 (%) (..) 2. ( 35% 41% ) - ; 2630% -., . (11%). ( 0,5%, 7% ), ( 1%).

. 14. :

(, ) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 34, - 38, 35, - 28, 29, 31,6, 5, 4, 6,, 15,6,, 2, 2,0,11,6, 1,4,3, 6, 0, 3,0, 1, 0, 1, 3. 60% ( 580, 740 , 620 ).

40% ( 1000, 850 950 ). : ( 70% ), (50%), ( 58% , 32% ), (60% , 43% ), (23%, 57% ), (60%, 46% ), (28%, 40% ), ( ).,,, 2030%.

4. 7,7.., 7,6.., 6,8.., 9,1.., 8,8..,, 44% ,., (30%) (14%), 11%., (25%), (18%), (14%)., (19%), (17%)., 8%, (1922%, ).

5.,, : 46,4%, 42,1%, 70,1%, 62,1%., ,.,,,. : 27,4% 68,7%.,, 9.., 8,7.., 8,9.., 15,3.., 13,3..

. 15.,,, (.. ) ( ) 13,1 13,12,11,7,6,6,5,4,2,2,1 2,1,: : : : : : :

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, ,,, ,. (36%), (57%). (28%), (21%), (9%).

, (69%), (76%). (43%). 65%, ; ; ; ; .

. 16. :

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3., (65%), ( 45%).

,, ;, (47%), , (31%), ,..,,, ( 23%).,,.., 12%, .

. 17. :

, (,, ) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 46,22, 38,( ) 47,49,9,9,, 14,,..

31,14, 65,24, 39, ( 29, ..) 45,23, 30,24,31,6,8, 14,23,6,18, 19, 17,23, (,..) 26,5,7, 8, 20,15,2, 6,13,28, 9,, 10, 11,0,3, 1,2,1,1,2,, -, 3,3, 4.,,, 60%, 6370%.,., 10%.

5. 73%, 88%, 59%, 57% .,, 50.., 8.., 14.., 38.., ..,, ; 38%. ,, ( ); .,,.

. 18. :

,, ( ) (, ) (,, ) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 41, 29,37,,,..

34,40, (, 40,44,,,,..) 33,26,, 13, 16,32, 24,12,26,6, () 7,9,5,6, 7,8,9, 11,2,22, ( ) 21,22, 37, 6. : 22% 25% ,, 5%.,, ; 1,5%,., 3%, ; 913%.

7. (,,,, 55% );,., (, ); (,..) 3040%,. 300 800. ( 30%, ), ( 10% ).,. 1,52.., 2,5..

8. : 2% 4% ; 7% ;

3% 7%. : (7,5.. ), (1,8.. ).

9.,.

, 18% ( ) ; 84%, 90%,, 25%,, 19% . 93% 9, (85%),,.,,,. : ,. 8,7%,. 75%, 23%,. 61%,,, ;

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,,, 13% ., , 82% ( 24.. ).,, (13%), (19%), (20%,, ).

. 19. (,, ) 55,52,47,46,30,25,18,15,10,9,8, 10. 14% ; 30% 25% ; (25% 17%) (19% 16%)., ,,, 38% ,. ; 18%, 14% ,. 60%.

43% , 37% , (4%). 18%, ; 40%,. 19% ;

60% ,,. 12%,,. 38% ,. 67% , 15% . 63% , 16% ;

12%., ; 88% ( 27.. ). , (13%) (7%).

11. (8%),. (28% , 20% ), (11% , 21% )., ( 4, ).,, 40% , 10% .

, 28%.

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