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FOCUS ON GRAMMAR A practice book for elementary students TSTU Publishing House 2007 802.0(076) 13()923 948 - , .. :

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802.0(076) 13()923 (), 2007 :

, , .. .. 20.09.2007 60 84 / 16. 1,39 . . . 500 . 583 - 392000, , , 106, . 14 BE: PRESENT, PAST, FUTURE 1. Put in question words with are or 's.

'Who's that' 'It's my brother.' 1. ' your name' 'Maria.' 2. ' my glasses' 'Here.' 3. ' your English teacher' 'Mrs. Allen.' 4. ' you late' 'My watch is broken.' 5. ' the exam' 'On Tuesday.' 2. Write negative () ends for the sentences.

I'm Greek, but (- from Athens) I'm not from Athens.

1. She's tired, but (- ill) ...

2. They are in England, but (- in London) .

3. You're tall, but (- too tall) ..

4. We are late, but (- very late) ..

5. It's summer, but (- hot) ...

3. Put in was or were.

In summer 1990 I was in Brazil.

1. LunchOK, but the vegetablesnot very good.

2. I can't find my keys. Theyhere this morning.

3. It.cold and dark, and wetired.

4. '..you in London yesterday' 'No, Iin Glasgow.' 5. 'When.your exam' 'It..yesterday.' 4. Put in wasn't or weren't and words from the box.

a teacher in England interesting late well with Anna The lesson wasn't interesting. Actually, it was very boring.

1. You Actually, you arrived 10 minutes early.

2. My father.. Actually, he worked as a bus driver.

3. I. yesterday. Actually, I was with Susan.

4. The children.yesterday. The doctor came to see them.

5. We. last week. We went to Scotland for a few days.

5. Look at the table and complete the text. Tomorrows temperatures Tomorrow it will be very hot in Cairo.

Cairo 35 C Rio 30 C It hot in Paris .. warm in .. 23 C .. cold in London 3 C .. very cold in Moscow 18 C THERE IS/ARE; THERE WAS/WERE; THERE WILL BE 1. Make some sentences with words from the three boxes, using there is etc.

There is/are a lot of water air grass dogs in Africa in the USA There isn't much elephants trees cars in Antarctica in London There aren't many people computers... on the moon in 1600...

There isn't/aren't any (you think of some more (you think of some more There wasn't/weren't things) places or times) any There are a lot of animals in Africa ..

2. Make present or past questions with there is etc.

Any letters for me (past) Were there any letters for me 1. A doctor here (present) 2. Any trains to London this evening (present) 3. Much money in your bank account (present) ..

4. Any mistakes in my letter (past) ..

5. Many children at the swimming pool (past).

3. Write questions about life in the year 2100, with Will there be... (cars) Will there be cars 3. (different countries) 1. (trains) 4. (governments) 2. (computers) 5. (your question) 4. Circle the correct form.

1. It's / There's a new bookshop in East Street.

2. There isn't / It isn't a supermarket here.

3. 'Whose is that dog' 'It's / There's mine.' 4. 'What's that' 'It's / There's my new calculator.' 5. Is it / there a bus stop in this street 5. Here is some information about an English town. Write sentences using there is etc.

1960 NOW people 300,000 500,000 800,cinemas 11 2 supermarkets 0 23 There were 300,000 people in 1960.

PRESENT SIMPLE / PRESENT CONTINUOUS 1. Make simple present sentences.

This clock (work -) This clock doesn't work.

1. You (drive) to school.

2. Granny (drink -) coffee.

3. I (travel +) a lot in Europe.

4. Alex (want +) to be a doctor.

5. The fast train (stop -) at this station.

2. Make present continuous sentences with expressions from the box.

cook not listen sell snow not work 'Why aren't you at the office' 'I' m not working today.' 1. I'm sorry, John can't come to the phone for the moment. He lunch.



2. 'It's raining.' 'No, it's not. It.' 3. You..to me.

4. There's a man at the door. He.vegetables.

3. Circle the correct answers.

1. 'Where's Susan' 'She comes / She's coming now.' 2. 'Do you smoke' / 'Are you smoking' 'No, never.' 3. John cooks dinner now / every Sunday.

4. I'm reading a lot of magazines these days / when I go on holiday.

5. I work late all this week / most Tuesdays.

4. Make questions.

1. Why / all those people / look at me / 2. The 7.15 train to London / run / on Saturdays / 3. Where / you and Ann / have lunch / today / 4. That man in the dark coat at the bus-stop / work / in your office / 5. Correct or not 1. You're driving too fast. 4. Where are you living now 2. What is this word meaning 5. I'm thinking you're wrong.

3. I'm not wanting a drink just now. 6. Sorry, I'm not understanding.

6. Put the verbs into present simple or present continuous.

1. Look! He (leave) the house.

2. Quiet, please! I (write) a test.

3. She usually (walk) to school.

4. But look! Today she (go) by bike.

5. Every Sunday we (go) to see my grandparents.

6. He often (go) to the cinema.

PRESENT PERFECT / PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS 1. Here is the latest news about your friends and family. Complete the sentences using the present perfect simple.

I / buy / a new car I have bought a new car.

1. Mary / move to a new house.

2. Fred and Frank / start / a company.

3. My parents / go to Greece.

4. Sue / get married.

5. Granny/celebrate her 80th birthday.

2. Write a sentence using the present perfect continuous. Use the words in brackets.

John is sunburnt. (sit / in the sun) He has been sitting in the sun.

1. The ground is wet (rain).

2. Jack has no money left (shop).

3. Fred is covered in paint (paint / the kitchen).

4. Maisy is tired and irritable (drive / for 4 hours).

5. Harry is very hot and dirty (dig / the garden).

3. Complete the sentences using present perfect simple or continuous.

1. (build) The Browns . a house for some time.

They .. all the main walls now.

2. (write) John .. his novel since last year.

He the first three chapters.

3. (paint) The painters the town hall since February.

They .. nearly half of it now.

4. (save) The Cooks .. to go on holiday next summer.

They .. 2000 up to now.

5. (watch) I cartoons on TV.

I 4 cartoons already.

4. Put the verb in the most suitable form, present perfect simple or continuous.

1. You look tired. . (you / study) hard 2. Mr. Brown is new here, isn't he How 1ong (he / work) for the company 3. I (lose) my wallet. Have you seen it anywhere 4. I(read) the magazine you lent me, but I (not / finish) yet.

5. (you/hear) the bad news Simon (break) his leg! 6. How many articles . (you / write) 7. What (you/do) I (wait) for you for an hour! 8. Bob and his friends (play) golf since this morning.

9. I . (know) Louise for ten years.

PAST SIMPLE / PAST CONTINUOUS 1. Make simple past sentences.

When / my letter / arrive When did my letter arrive 1. What / all those people / want 2. All your brothers / send / birthday cards 3. The baby / eat / some toothpaste this morning + 4. The teacher / answer / my question 2. Complete the sentences with past continuous verbs.

When I walked in (children fight +) the children were fighting.

1. At 9.00 on Sunday (we watch TV +).

2. When I saw him he was holding a paper, but (read -).

3. When you heard them, (they speak English).

3. Past simple or past continuous 1. At 6.15, when you phoned, I had / was having a shower.

2. We watched / were watching TV all evening.

3. Bill watched / was watching TV when Ann came in.

4. My father worked / was working hard all his life.

5. They got married while they studied / were studying at London University.

6. Yesterday we drove / were driving from Oxford to Edinburgh and back.

7. It was a nice evening, so she walked / was walking home from work.

4. Put in the past simple or the past continuous.

While I was walking down the road, I saw Bill (walk; see).

1. While I ... the newspaper, the cat on to the table (read; jump).

2. Alan Helen while he in Morocco (meet; travel).

3. Sallyher leg while she ..(break; ski).

4. While I ., somebody ... my car (shop; steal).

5. Put verbs from the box (past simple or past continuous) into the text.

drive open pass pull run shine sing start turn wait It was a beautiful morning. The sun was shining and birds 1) About five thousand people 2) .. in front of the Palace. At 10.00, the guards 3) . the Palace gates, and the President's car 4) . out and 5) . left into Democracy Street. The crowds 6) to sing the National Anthem. Then suddenly, just as the President's car 7) .. the Ritz Hotel, a man 8) ..out in front of it and 9) .. a gun from his pocket.





PAST SIMPLE / PRESENT PERFECT 1. Circle the correct form.

1. His brother has visited / was visited / visited London last year.

2. I've bought / I've owned / I bought my car in 1991.

3. I've had / I bought / I've bought my car for five years.

4. When have you born / were you born / did you born 5. Have you ever went / Did you ever went / Have you ever been to Singapore 2. Put in the correct verb form: present perfect or past simple.

1. How long (she / study) German 2. When (he / begin) to study Business Administration 3. (you / visit) any museums when you were in Sofia.

4. Prices (go) up. Things are much more expensive this week.

5. What (happen) to you 6. Mr. Arnold (win) the Exporter of the Year prize twice.

7. Alfred Hitchcock (make) lots of films in his long career.

8. Mr. Miller (work) in a travel agency for years. Then he gave it up.

9. Melanie lives in Bucharest. She (live) there all her life.

3. Put in the verbs from the boxes (simple past or present perfect).

not be happen have lose not pass spend Last year was not a good year for Pete and Sonia. Pete 1) . a car accident and 2) a month in hospital, Sonia 3) her job, the children 4) . their school exams, and a lot of other bad things 5) be buy change have open pass This year 6) .. much better. Pete 7) his job, and is making much more money. They 8) . a new house. Sonia 9) ... a small restaurant, and it's going very well. They 10) . a baby. And the other children 11) all their exams this time.

4. Put the verbs into the correct form (simple past or present perfect).

1. My friends (visit) the Grand Canyon National Park last year.

2. I (be / never) to the Grand Canyon National Park.

3. But I (see) lots of wonderful pictures.

4. And yesterday I (buy) a book about the Grand Canyon.

5. I (read) 30 pages already. It's really interesting.

PRESENT SIMPLE / PRESENT CONTINUOUS FOR FUTURE 1. Make present simple sentences.

The flight / leave / at 9.30 + The flight leaves at 9.30.

1. The next lesson / start / at 2.00 + 2. When / the concert / finish 3. This train / stop / at Reading 4. The play / start / at 8.00 + 5. What time / you / arrive / in Rome 6. The banks / close / at 3.00 tomorrow + 7. The 7.15 train / stop / at every station + 2. Look at Bill's diary and correct the sentences.

He's staying in Berlin on Friday night.

No, he is coming back to England.

1. He's seeing John Parker on Sunday afternoon.

2. He's going to the Birmingham office by car.

3. He's having dinner with Stewart on Tuesday.

4. He's going to the theatre on Thursday evening.

5. His new secretary is starting on Friday.

6. Phil and Monica are going to his wedding on Saturday.

3. A friend of yours is going on holiday soon. Write questions.

When / leave When are you leaving 1. Take / dog. 2. How / travel.

3. Where / stay. 4. Who / go with you.

5. How long/stay. 6. When / come back.

4. Put the verb in brackets into the present continuous or the present simple.

1. I (meet) Jane tonight.

2. The train to London (leave) at midday.

3. What time (the film / begin) this evening 4. What (you / do) next weekend 5. We (have) a party on Saturday. Do you want to come 6. When (the concert / start) It (start) at 7 p.m.

7. Harry (come) to stay tomorrow. He (catch) the last bus from York, which (arrive) here at midnight.

8. This is my last day here. I (go) to England tomorrow.

FUTURE SIMPLE / BE GOING TO 1. What do you think will happen Make your own predictions, with I think or I don't think.

1. I think it will rain tomorrow (rain).

2. . it . tomorrow (snow).

3. I a letter from America tomorrow (get).

4. I rich in ten years (be).

5. I famous in ten years (be).

6. .. people English everywhere in the year 2100 (speak).

2. Write questions using going to.

Your friend is going on holiday to Spain. You ask:

Where / stay Where are you going to stay 1. What / see.

2. Who / go with.

3. How / travel.

4. How much luggage / take.

5. What souvenirs / buy.

3. Use going to and the words in brackets to say what is going to happen in these situations.

There are a lot of black clouds in the sky (rain). It's going to rain.

1. The cat has seen a mouse (chase).

2. There is a large hole in the bottom of the boat (sink).

3. It is 7:45 and John is asleep. His train leaves at 7:50 (miss).

4. A car thief is looking around a car park (steal).

5. A bungee jumper is standing on a high bridge (jump).

4. Circle the best form.

1. Mary is going to / will have a baby.

2. Look Andy is going to / will fall off his bike! 3. Perhaps we are going to / will meet again one day.

4. I think you are going to / will love Scotland.

5. Be careful, or you are going to / will fall.

6. Look at those clouds: it's going to / will rain.

5. Put in I'll or I'm going to.

I've decided. Im going to stop smoking.

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