WWW.DISSERS.RU

    !


Pages:     || 2 | 3 |
Mcepco opaoa Poccco eepa Taoc ocyapce exec yepce CTPOTEHE PACTBOP aopaope pao cyeo 2 - 3 ypco eoo aooo oee ceaoc 290300 Tao aeco TT 2001 691(075.8) H73 703 Peee:

oop execx ay, oe aep. B. Moacmpe Cpoee pacop. a. Pao / Coca. O. A. opaa, Tao: -o Ta. oc.

Tex. y-a, 20001. 20 c.

a aopaope pao o ye coc cpoex pacopo.

peaae cyeo 2, 3 ypco eoo aooo oee ceaoc 290300.

691(075.8) H73 2 CTPOTEHE PACTBOP e paom: 1. yee coc cpoex pacopo.

2. Opeeee pax exooecx aopo (pyoc eca, a coepa oao p.) a coca cpoex pacopo.

Cmpoume pacmop - cycce ae aepa, oyae peyae aepe paoao oopao pacopo cec, cocoe yeo eeca, o eoo aoe (eca).

Pacop oac o eoo ocyce pyoo aoe (e pa), ooy x oa aa eoepc eoa coce e e aooepoc, oope opee ooc pooc eoo.

Cpoee pacop accpyc o py pao, ae oopx c: aaee, oea acca, yeo, coyeoo pooe pacopa.

B acoc o aae paa pacop aoe - a yaeo, ce, coo, coo, yaype ceae (aycece, eoooe, peeoae p.). pacopa a pe peoa o pooc, o oceee opeeeo epe peopeee pooc a. yaypx pacopo a ocoo oaae paec e pooc, a x cocooc aa oy yaypy, ocaoo poo ceyc c ocoae oaay co eopa aeca.

o oeo acce cyxo coco pacop ec a ee, oea acca oopx ce 1500 /3, ee c oeo acco eee 1500 /3. pooe ex pacopo pe eco ox opx opo (ape), a ex - ec, oyaee poee opcx ex opx opo (e, ya), oex paypoax ox ao.

o y yeo paa pacop eee, ecoe, coe, eeoecoe, eeo-e p. Ec coca pacopa xo o yeo, o eo aa poc, apep, ee, eco (a. 1). ae pe coe (ceae) pacop, ae a-p a yx oo yee c eopaeco oao (eeo-eco).

p ycaoe peex ae cocao pacopo po, o ee apo 200 - 500 e acy ooc 1100 /3. Ec aca ooc eeo eea oaec o eyaaoo oee e a 100 %, o coca pacopa eoxoo epeca.

eco p pxoaco coco c ececeo aoc 1 - 3 %. ec II copa ooc 1400 /3; p pee ecooo eca I copa oeco eca yea a 10 %. a pa e eca c yo opye caapoo oyca a 13 - 14 c.

Coca pacopo peyee ap pax yco pee Coca pacopo cxo cee ooc pacopa, eoxoo ya, yco cyaa (apep, oea aea aa), aao ap pacopa.

Taa ooc pacopo acoc o yco x pee Haaee pacopa ooc c aoee opoax o p oae ce eox 5 - popx aee Paca opoax 5 - epax o ceax aee pyx oo aa pa, eox ae 9 - ae ex opo 4 - yoa aa oa 13 - aa yco yoo ae 1 - Bppoaa yoa aa a e ypo pyox o o ax pyax pe pacop a aox eeax, yoaoo opaeee, opaeee c a epa oaa.

p aeo ae ce ooax a pe opaee aoe ee, peyeceo aoopaee.

pacopo ecox apo ooec oo cooa ee c ooceo ecoo aoc, a opao aoe ee, .e. ceae ee cpoex pacopo.

Haey ay c eo ape (ce ecox a ..) ey a pacopax, coepax cae eee eee ece ye: ec, ecooooe yee p.

oee eepayp co aee copoc epe pacopo (ocoeo aae cpo). Hapep, p eepaype epe e +50C pooc pacopo o oe ee, e p eepaype epe +200C.

B x ycox aoe opoax o p oae pyoaex ce pe pacop, e apy e eee 100 ( ex ycox e eee 50). B x ycox apa pacopo aeo a oo a oy cye e, e ex yco (apep, 50 eco 25).

aoe opoax o p oae ce eox popx aee pyx oo x ycox pe: p cax opoax (o -10 C) ooee pacop e xecx oao; p cpex cx opoax (e -11 C) pacop c oaa oaa pa ap.



Taa Map pacopo, peex aeo a p oae pyoaex ce Haaee pacopa Tpeyee ap pacopo aa apyx ce a p ooceo aoc oyxa oee:

O 4 o 60 % eee 61 - 75 % O 25 o oee 75 % aa coo, poceo, pox 25, 50, 75 epee, apo aoee opoax o p He eee oae ce eoeox aee He eee ooee pyx oo pa ae cex o Coca pacopo apo 10 - 50 opa peo. Oo oyc aa cocao pacopo, a aeco oyaex pacopo poep ca.

B a. 3 pee pepa opepooe coca pacopo (a eeax pax apo) c oao acaopa oaa e eo.

Taa Opepooe coca pacopo ( acx o oey) Mapa Tpeyea apa pacopa eea 25 50 1. Pacop e oao oepxoco-ax eec ee: ecooe oe eco : eco 200 1:0,7:6,5 1:0,2:3,5 300 1:1,2:10 1:0,7:6,7 1:0,2:3,2. Pacop c oaa oaa ee : ecooe eco : eco 200 1:0,15:7,5 1:0:3,8 1:0:300 1:0,3:10 1:0,15:7,5 1:0:3,ae a oocc ecy cpee pyoc c aoc e eee 2%. p pee ex eco pxoc yea pacxo eea, ocoeo ec e coyc oa opaecx acaopo.

Pacop, ooee a oyx yx (oye pacop) peaae ocpy, axoxc cyxx, a a paecx - ax ycox. oye pacopo, epex a oyxe pe oyy ec e eca ooo ec-e, cpoe c, a epex oe - opaee, aoopaee, yoao p.

C e yye exooecx coc (yooya-aeoc, ooyepae cocooc p.) pacope cec o ceae oa, oope ec a ceye py:

1) eopaece cepce, cocoe oe ex ac, cocox xopoo yepa oy ax c e acoe eco - a, ec, o, ooe a, ao p.;

2) oepxoco-ae eeca, oaae acpy (cyopoea paa - C) poo e (oa, aco, peopaece oc -10, -94 p.);

3) oa-peyop epe - xopc a, xopc ap, ec-yoa, c, p pa ap p.

peee acpyx oao ooe oya yooyaaee pacop aeo ee oece o (ooye ooe - B/B). oceee opeee e oo oo yeo, o aeo yyae exece coca aepaa.

Oaoe coepae oa ycaaa o ye ac o a oa, cocaa pacopa, pyoc ycooc eca. cepce oa o oece o o 100 % oee, oa oepxoco-ax eec - 0,05 - 0,3 % acc yeo.

Bae cpoe coca pacopo ec pooc, a pacopx cece - ooc ooyepaa cocooc.

pooc aepeeo pacopa oea eo apo, oopa opeeec o peey pooc p e ca opao-aoe paepo 4x4x16 c, ooex pacopa paoe ooc cax opace, ycaoeo caape execx ycox a a pacopa ( ooo cpoeoo pacopa - 28 cyo). o pooc p ca ycaoe ceye ap pacopo: 4, 10, 25, 50, 75, 100, 150, 200, 300. Mapa pacopa a ycaaaec poeo. p o yaec xapaep ocpy yco cyaa (c. a. 4).

Taa / Haeoae pacopa Peoeye e ap pacopo 1 aa apyx ce a p 4 - ooceo aoc oyxa eee 60 % 2 To e p aoc oee 60 % 25 - 3 aa coo, poceo, 25 - apo 4 Paca o ceax pyx oo Haoee pacpocpae c ap 4 - 50. p ae co apyex ocpy (co, poce, oo) pe ap pacopo ce 50. p pooce pao coca pacopo x apo (o 50) oo pa o aa, peex cpaoax. Coca pacopo cox apo pacca. yaype pacop e c ecy, ooy x pooc ee opoceeoe aee.

yaype pacop o xopoo cec c ocoae e e ycaox pe. B cyae e pee yayp a o oec apeccx cpe, pacop oe oaa ae ocaoo ooc, oo- opoocooc.

pooe yaypx pacopo coy e e aepa, o pacopo a, o pec oee coe peoa. Ta, apep, aea ec oa aeo oea o eoacxc epe. c eco oeox coe o poce epe co c oepce 1,2 .

ooc yaypx pacopo pa acoc o cocoa aece (pyo exapoao) yaypoo co. oooeoo co ooc cec cocae 11 - 13 c, ocooo co (pya) - 7 - 8 c oeooo co 7 - 10 c.

Hapye ypee ac a axoec ox oyoax ycox, oyaypa eco pacopa cocaa 1:3 (ecooe eco : eco) oooeoo ocooo co, 1:2 - oeooo co. oepxoc, oepaec cceaecoy yae, acoc o peoa o oocooc oyaypa ee pacopo cocaa 1:2(3) eeo-eco cocaa 1:1:5(6) - apyx ace, a ypex - 1:2:9 (ee : ecooe eco : eco). p aee cepcx oao (ec, ) a AB pe - eee pacop cocaa 1:5 - 1:6 (ee :





eco o oey). ypex yaypo cyxx a (ce, ooo) coy ecoo-coe pacop. oaa ca cococye ycope epe, eo coepae oeec o 0,2 o 1 oeo ac a oy oey ac ecooo eca.

poe ox yaypx pacopo axo pooe peee eopae yayp, oope oo a ex ex eeax ex aoex. pa eca x coca o cy (o 1%) ceo (o 10%).

Coca pao:

1. Opeeee ooopeoc pacopo cec.

2. Opeeee ooc oea pacopa aece.

3. Opeeee peea pooc p e ca.

4. Opeeee pacxoa aepao a 1 3 pacopa.

5. Bo.

Paoa oec o ya aa. oo opya paaec a 3 - pa, aa oopx poo caocoee cceoa cooeceo aa, aoo peoaaee aae a. p o a ocoy ceye p:

pacop - ee, peaae po a. Coca pacopa 1:6 (ee :

eco o acce). ooc pacopo cec - 8 - 9 c.

aae Opee e pyoc eca a ooopeoc, ooc pooc pacopa.

cceoa poo: a ece pao pyoc: pyo c oye pyoc (Wp) ooo 2,5 eo - c oye pyoc - e oee 1,0. Moy pyoc pacca o oo a cooo aaa epy paee oeo aopaopo pao.

aae cao e acpyx oao a ooopeoc, ooc pooc eeoo pacopa.

B aece oao - acaopo oy cooa:

a) eopaece cepce eeca (oe ecooe eco);

) opaece AB - C, CC (0,15 - 0,30 % cyxoo eeca), oao (0,05 - 0,10 % oapoo pacopa), aco (0,05 - 0,10 % acc eea) pye.

opeo oa ee opo (poe cepcx) ycaaae peoaae.

oeco cepco oa (oo ecooo eca) oca o opye:

= 170(1 - 0,002.).g, e - pacxo eea, (c. aae 1), g- ooc cepco oa, /.

aae cao e oao - peyopo epe a ooopeoc, ooc pooc eeoo pacopa.

B coepae oa ycaaae peoaae. p o oy peoeoa: xopc a, xopc ap, oa, c oece 1-5% acc eea.

aae cao e oepo oa (co) a ooopeoc, ooc pooc eeoo pacopa.

B oa ee opo ycaaae peoaae.

Xo oe pao aa 2 - 4 coc ceyey.

Ha ox ex e aepaax poaa eee pacop ooo cocaa (1:6) e oa c oao. o eoa, oe e, opee ooopeoc ooc pacopo cec, a ae pooc pacopa opace 28 cyo epe opax ycox.

METOA BOEH PAOT Opeeee ooc, ooc pacopo cec pooc a cae pacopa ec oae cex o pacopa. pye coca pacopx cece pacopa opee cyax, peycopex poeo paa pooca pao.

Oe, caeoo pacopa oe e eee 3 . cae pacopo cec oo aao e oee e epe 10 . oce ee pooe.

cae aepex pacopo poo e opaax, opa paep oopx, acoc o a ca, o cooecoa yaa a.14. Ooe paepo oopoax opao o e peep yo copo oepeoo cee p e o pea 0,7 .

Taa B ca opa opao eoepec e paep, 1 2 Opeeee pooc a cae y a pepa pacee p 70,pacaa pa apaoo Opeeee yca, cee 40 x 40 x pooc a pacee p e Opeeee ooc, aoc, y a pepa oooae, 70,opoocooc epe oppoae opao ypee oepxoc op opa o coe ca. Bce opa o e appoy, oopa oa ecaeo e oa opea opae. ooee opa ep aepye c opeoc o 0,.

Teepaypa oee, oopo poo ca, oa 20 2 C, oocea aoc oyxa 50 - 70 %.

Peya ca pacopx cece opao pacopa aoc ypa, a ocoa oopx coca oye, xapaepy aeco cpoeoo pacopa.

1 Onpeeeue oonompeocmu pacmopo cecu.

Ha ece ecoo epooo cocaa oo ee pacop cocaa 1:6. coco oo accoo ac eea ec accox ace eca. Ha o aec pacxoyec 2,1 cyxo cec. Booopeoc - oeco o, eoxooe oye pacopa aao ooc (acoc), ycaaa o ye c oo oyca CpoHa o ye opye oceeo pacopy cec (pc.7).

Pages:     || 2 | 3 |










2011 www.dissers.ru -

, .
, , , , 1-2 .