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V = 3 1 d = 0.393 d a = 0.605 20 a 0.452 d 0.43 a d a d a d = 2 = i + a1 i a2 j = 2 a3 k = a5 = 2 = k i a2 j a 3a a = i + j a2 3a a = - i + j = c a2 a3 k a2c 1 1 1 1 b1 = i + j b2 = - i + j b3 = k a a c 3a 3a a a = ( j k) = (- j k) a1 i+ - a2 i+ + 2 a = ( - + a a3 i j k) i,, k j 1/2a 1 1 ) b1 = ( + j b2 = ( + k) b3 = ( + k) i j j a a a a T = E E = 200 N = 1025 T = E E = 300 E = T1 = E/2 T2 = E T = 2 T = E/ T1 = 0.1E E = 300 E = 230 T = 0.1E T = E E g() 9N g() = 2 D N D/T x Em = 9RT (T/D)3 dx ex - (T D) (T D) D D = 320 D D = D Cm T = 20 T D 1.7 m = 1 T = D T = 20 1.65 D T D T = D/20 T D m = 100 T = 10 D = 300 T D T = 0.1D T D T = 0.1D D = 300 T D 2 T = D/ E/D g() Z 3N N 6N g() = D N Cr 2 D/T T x Em = 6RT dx D 0 ex - T D, T D D = g() Z 3N N g() = 3N/D N D/T x Em = 3RT (T/D) dx ex - T D T D D = = 0.1 D 1380 D = 100 D D = = 0.01 D = 52 D 4.8 D 310 = 0.1 D d 0.3 Emax 5 D 300 d 0.25 ni i dn + d N nm T = 400 D = T = 300 D = p = n n c c 8n / = sin2 /2 c V 1 E 0.1 1 3 5 1 T = 0 n1 n2 4.72 1.53 EF = 3.12 = 970 EF = 7 EF (0) T = 0 EF /2 EF /2 EF V = 20 Pmax 0.1 Pmax 5 nmax E nmin E = E E 0.01E EF T = 0 11.7 7 = 0.05 T1 = T2 = dn(p) T = dn(p) dn() T T = T = 0 EF = 5 T = 0 max EF T = 0 6 T = 0 max/2 max max/ 2 T = 0 max dn() max T = EF E0 0.1 = 0.48 2 0.36 0. 112 3 RH = -3.66 10- l = 1 L = 10 B = 0.2 L U = 300 UH 3 RH = 0. = 0.5 l = 2 B = 0.5 j = 2 UH 2.8 0 = 0.19 1 = 650 2 = 2.07 T = 1 n 0.2 E = 400 2 0.12 0. - 2.5 0.03 10-4 2 0.5 B = 1 I = 50 10 j B RH |e| = 2 p 10 50 B = 5 U = 10 UH = 50 = 2.5 B = 5 = 10 = 2 2000 10 1 T 2 2 3 + +n 6 6 3 n + + 2 1 2 1 1/ ()dd = 1.5 10-19 e-42.5/T T 2/T dt dd 1 1 nd nt 1 T = 2 107 d + t 2 He4 + n nd = nt = 1016 1 1/ ()dt = 1.6 10-17 e-42.5/T 2/T T n T n R = Rmin Rmin n = 1020 3.64 1 H2 Li6 107 x < p 0 = 1.7 > 0 = 0.75 r = 0.06R R -ne = 2 108 1 10 50 = 45 10% E = 100 B = 103 B = 500 r = 10 4500 I = 200 = 8 8 Ip I Ip I Ip = 600 - d = 0.1 n = 1016 B - 6 1028 f 1.21 10-4 H = 100 (Mn) = 7.4 T1 = 300 B = 0.5 I B2 T2 V = 10 H = 800 pm = 0.8 n I 1.84 1% 770 I0 = 2 106 3d Io = 2 10-3 m 2 = L 0nq m q = -2e n Hk(T ) = Hko[1 (T/Tk)2] Hko Tk = 5.3 Hko = 1370 Tk = 3.4 Hko = 293 2 3 Hk(T ) 0 = q = q -2e 1 2 4 2 1.44 1028 2.1 1.46 103 2.6 103 0.404 0.286 0.316 0.274 2.99 10-21 134 3.44 3.74 36 340 2.87 g() = 9N2/D 3 D/T T x3dx E = 9NkT D = D/k D 0 ex - 2.99 - 2.36 1013 - 2.75 1013 5.2 10- 14.6 E = 2.49, R T = 41.4 6N g() = D 2 D/T T x2dx E = 6NkT D ex - 2.91 g() = 3N/D D/T T x E = 3NkT dx D 0 ex - 1.87 10-25 3.45 10-21 1.1 10-21 ni = 1/e /kT - 2d dn() = 9N kD e /kT - 9 T T D n = N T D e D T x2dx T n = 9N = 9N 0.D 0 ex - 1 D nm = 1/[exp(D/T ) - 1] = 1. = (2 )3/4V (2m)3/2 E 4.7 10-22 1.5 10-22 0.85 10-22 0.66 10- 4.57 10-27 4.2 7 4.2 2.8 1022 = 0. n = = 0. 4.5 10-1 p2dp dn(p) = T = 2 3 p2/2m - EF exp kT dn(p) = p2dp T = 2 m 2d dn() = T = 2 3 m2 - 2EF exp 2kT m dn() = 2d T = 2 max = 2EF /m = 1.32 = max = 1.09 = 3/5max 1 = 2max -0.05 - 2.5 1019 2 - 3.5 10-2 2 1022 - 5.25 1016 0.62 1 E = 2 c - = 1.31 1 -3 - 7.7 1010 5 107 1.73 103 - 6.2 1028 n+/n- = 2 = -3 2 n = 5 1015 = 0.05 2 - - + = 1/B = 0.2 n+/n- = n2 = kT e prob = 2 Ekin = kT 2Ekin = T = 2.1 m 402r = 1/n 1.5 10-3 n2d ndnt()dt + ()dd P = Qndnt() = 36 R n2 n4 4r2drQ () = 4R2T R = 3T / Q 2 T dR = 0 T = 2.8 dT Rmin = 2.6 109 3 NAm E = kT (Z1 + Z2 + Z3) = 9.35 104 m 2 A1 + A Z1 Z2 A1 A2 ne2x me = -eE = p = ne2/0me R() = 1 - (p/)2 E = E0e-i(t-kx) k = < p n = 2 0 = i k = n = i 0 0 E = E0e-2x/ - ne = 42c2me0/e22 = 5 1018 - ne = 2 1010 r2 r2B2 = r0B0 B = 1.1B0 r2 = r = 1.|q|B 0.95r0 5% = m B = T/T0 = 1/1.0 B U0 U B0 B h = UT/U0T0 = 1 + h U T mU = U - U0 = mUU U0 T0 |q|U1r A = - B B = B - B0 U1 |q| = - 2m U1 U0 |q|B r0 (B - B0) r0 = 0 = U0 0 m U U1 U h = -0.1 = tg = 1 = 0.86 U0 U0 U0 h|q|u1r A = - B - - F = q[ U B ] Fr = |q|U1Br Br 1 B |q|U1r Br = - r dA = FZdZ = - dB 2 Z 2W m r = = = 0.34 eB 1 m m/B = const = |q|B 2 B Br2 = const r = r0 = 3.33 B p = 25.5 H0 = 1.92 106 H = 1.014 106 B2 = (Bp - B)2 Ip = 2I T = Ip/4d2c2nk = 2 2.36B - B I Bloc I N 1029 = IH/3Nk 10-3 B 10-3IH = 2 103 Bloc = I 1% B < 0.01 2 B < 20 F = IB B 0I h F = g = g 0I = 2 10-3 4g 50 0 = 2.07 10-15 = 2.07 10-7










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