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oeco cee ac o a oopa. B paeco pee pecae ce oe cooao paoe oeco eoa acoc o a aaepa paoo eopea. ce oe pecae o, y, ep oce a.

paec pe oopa ac o a aaepa, paoa oopoo oepaec ceao popao, aaeo paepo. T aaepo cooecyx paepo pee a. 3.

3 paep aaep oopo MAX Aaep paep MAX papeee o-o eo IBM CGA, MCGA CGA.BGI 640 480 IBM EGA, VGA EGAVGA.BGI 640 480 Hercules ooxpo HERC.BGI 720 348 AT&T 6300 (400 cpo) ATT.BGI 640 400 IBM 8514 IBM8514.BGI 1024 868 Ma e o c e a o e Oco oce opa IBM PC-coecx oepo c ae c.

Haoee poo coyc ece c (hard disk drive HDD), ecep, e oopx pyo peca copee . ece c oo a ece.

ec ec c pecae coo ecoo co epoo aepaa (a , oceee pe, epe cea) c oe oc pae, a oope aece a co. ao copoe aoo ca cooecye aa ooa, oopa oe epeeac o paycy ca. Copoa aoo ca paeea a oepece opo p (o 1024 opoe a ay ooy). aa opoa paeea a ceopa (a capx 17 ceopo, a ox 63 ceopa). oe aeoc ece c o opoa o ee cpe.

B oceee pe -a yee ooc ac pooe ecx ax co cao ea opaee 1024 opo a ooy. B peyae oo coa caap LBA, oop "oaae" , epeo e opo a ecyecye copo. B peyae x ec cae, o c ee oe ooo.

Oe cyece oe oaac epeca ecoo ca. B acoee pe poo pacpocpae a a epeco:

IDE-Integrated Drive Electronics (o e ATA) SCSI (Small Computer System Interface).

accec IDE ee a ocox opae o oey ca (0,5 a) o oecy ycaaaex co (2 ca).

B acoee pe coyec caap EIDE (ATA-2), oopo epoe opaee ycpaeo ye p caapa LBA, a oeco co, oope oo o, yeeo o epex. a ococo epeca IDE ec eo ecoa cooc, a co, a opoepo ( ocex oex opoep ycaaaec po a aepco ae).

SCSI ec yepca coopooe epeco ycpoc paoo a. Eo oa oc aa SCSI-2, Wide SCSI. c c epeca SCSI e coy copoc, o x cooc opao e, e y co c epeco IDE.

ec pooe ecx co c ae p, a Seagate, Quantum, Conner, Western Digital.

epeoca eox oeo opa c ooo a pyo coyc e c. ooy oe e, o ee epe, o coo pao c cea.

coyc ce yx paepo: 5,25 a (oceeo xo yopee), oee pacpocpaea cea 3,5 a.

DS/DD DS/HD 5,25 360 Kb 1,2 Mb 3,5 720 Kb 1,44 Mb 2,88 Mb e-ac x co cya ee ae aoe, aaee cooa. coo coo ooc oy paoa c cea oo ooc.

c o o CD-ROM Haoee pacpocpae coo "oo e" -CD-ROM, coye exoo poo ac, eco o ayo-CD (c oo aepoo ya). aoap oy CD oaa oo copoc pao peao eoc ooo 600 Ma.

B oceee pe CD-ROM oe oyp a x ocac popa ae, ee oo oe.

poe oo, CD-coo oo popa oe ayo-CD.

Maa copoc epea ax CD-cooo 150 /c. Byca coo c 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 pa yeee copoc. CD-coo coy epec Enhanced IDE SCSI.

CMOS a p o p a a Setup xpae opa o oopyoa, a ae o eye ae pee coyec ceapoaa pocxea, coepaa aep 64 aa a c opeee ep. B eo coco , CMOS a aec o ayyopa, ycaoeoo a aepco ae.

pao c coep CMOS a, .e. ee opa o oopyoa, cyecye acaa , ceaa popaa Setup. popay Setup oo a aae a p epeapye .

p e p a pao, pec pep ceyx o: ape, aepe, cpye.

Mampue. p ea: eaaa ooa coep p ox eaecx cepe oo. B eex pepax 9 oo. B oee opox apx pepax 24 48 oo. aeca ea oo ocy yeee oeca poxoo. oee cpa ea oeceaec pepo c 24- 48- oa.

Cmpye. opaee oppyec po a ceax ep, yaex a yay coe.

aepe. o cepopa, opaee epeocc a yay co ceaoo apaaa, oopoy epec pac ac pac. apaa epyec c oo aepa o oaa oepa.

p o p a o e o e c e e e e p c o a o o o e p a popa, paoae a oo pae a 3 aeop:

1 pae popa (oeceae oee ooaee pax pao, o ec peapoae eco, ocpoee epee, a aee).

2 Ccee popa, oe pae y (poepa paoococooc yo oepa).

3 cpyeaa ccea (oeceaa coae ox popa ).

Bopa ac oco ocea opooy oca aoo paea.

O e p a o e c c e cce popaa oocc oepaoe cce. o ccea popaa, oopa apyaec p e oepa. Oa ocyece ao c ooaee, ypaee , eo pecypca, aycae popa a oee, oeceae ooae yo epec. Haoee oyp oepao ccea ceo c: MS DOS; PC DOS; DR DOS ooooaece cce, cpe ooooaecx aoee oyp: UNIX; OS/2; WINDOWS; WINDOWS NT; LINUX. Ocae ooooaecx cce paoa x pee o opo ac oco.

Oc o e a c DOS.

1 aoa ccea oa-oa (BIOS) axoc , ec cpoeo oep.

Haaee: epcae ycy oa-oa. Tecpoae yopoa oepa. poepa pao a ycpoc oepa p eo e. Bo apya oepao cce.

2 apy oepaoo cce o opoa popaa axoac epo ceope apyoo ce.

Haaee: Cae a a oy oepaoo cce.

3 coe a: IO.SYS, MSDOS.SYS, IBMBIO.COM, IBMDOS.COM, DRBIO.SYS, DRDOS.SYS apyac a ocac a ocoo.

Haaee: IO.SYS ooee aoo ccee oa-oa. MSDOS.SYS- peaye ocoe cooypoee ycy DOS.

4 oa poeccop DOS axoc coo ae COMMAND.COM.

Haaee: Opaaae oa oe ooaee.

5 Bee oa DOS popa ocaee c oepaoo cceo.

6 paep ycpoc.

Haaee: Oecea ocyae ox ecaapoe cooae exc ycpoc. paep, apyaee a oepa, yaac ae CONFIG.SYS.

a p y a DOS 1 Caec apy oepaoo cce, axoc BOOT ceope.

2 O cae a oy oepaoo cce epeae ypaee.

3 Caec oypa cce aa CONFIG.SYS. B cooec c yaa, coepac o ae, apyac paep ycpoc ycaaac apaep oepaoo cce.

4 aec oa poeccop COMMAND.COM epeaec ey ypaee.

5 oa poeccop oe oa a AUTOEXEC.BAT. B ae yaaec oa popa, oee p ao ayce oepa.

6 poecc apy aaaec ccea ae paee, cooa oaa, o oa ooa pey.

Pa o a c a a DOS Coae ecox ao:

oaa C:\ copy.con aa (ec e ooo (NC, VC, DN...)).

AEHE AOB: OMAHA DEL *.BAK epeeoae ao: ren (rename) capoe aa poe ooe aa.

opoae ao: copy, copy.prn aa.

Boccaoee yaex ao: unerase.

Pa o a c a a o a :

cd eee eyeo aaoa.

dir pocop aaoa.

md coae aaoa.

rd yoee aaoa.

3 MOE PEEH HOHAHX BCTEHX AA Oc o e o o p e e e Moeupoaue o aoee pacpocpaex eoo ye pax poecco e. B acoee pe oocee eo pe oepoa poo coyc ayx cceoax eepo pae.

o oepoae oa poecc cceoa coc oea (cce) c oo eo oe. p o papea uuecoe oepoae ameamuecoe oepoae.

Moe aaec oe, axoc ooe oo oepyeoy oey. o ooe oaec ao ooaoe cooece ey y oea, p oopo y epexoa o apaepo, xapaepyx o oeo apaepa pyoo oea ec, a aeaece oca x oeo oy peopaoa oecee. Cooeceo eca oe axoc ooe ecoo oo oepyeoy oey, a aeaeca oe ooe aeaecoo oo.

Ceye o, o a oe cea ocoaec a eoopo ypoe eaa oea. Moe e oecea oey, oa ec eo pe oopaee.

ecoe oepoae cy cooc papao ecx oee ee opaeoe peee.

aeo oee po oooc oaae aeaecoe oepoae. o aeaec oepoae oaec cceoae pax poecco e, ex pay ecy ocoy, c oo x aeaecoo oca. C aeaec oe ee eo ocoo. Ta, apep, opeee ae oa epeco e oyec aeaeco oe, ocaeo aoo Oa: 1 = U/R.

pee npuep oe pa x aco.

Pc. 4 p x aco Boee oeo y oo peca e aeaeco oe, opaae eee eopa xoa y acoc o ee eopa xoa x. Oo oe peca oopaee a = x y (2) Hapep, eoo yce oopae (2) cooecye ypaee y = kx, x X, e k oe yce.

Oaeoy oca oea ce y oea. Baoece oea c py ac cce aaec ae oace ee x y.

pocx epecx cxe epepoo ec oe oe acac e cce epeax ypae epeaoo y. Hanpuep, py x aco (pc. 4) cooecye ceya ccea pex epeax ypae, acaa apo e:

uc a c c uc t b R a u b ux t uc = - c - c + c t + c R d d uL d L J L d =, J = J t, L L dt e d = C C + C C + C C ;

1 1 + = - - +, = -, =, =, 11 1 1 1 1 ec, ux t apee cooeceo a oecaope, i = a xoe oe pee ; o epe yoc L.

Maeaeca oe oea, acaa e ooo ecox aaecx pae, aaec aaumueco oe. Oao papaoa aaecx oee e cea ooa eecoopaa cy x cooc. B o cyae coyc aeaece oe, oope peayc e eoopo oceoaeoc opeeex ec. Tae oe oy aae aopumuecux uumauox oee.

Maeaeca oe oea oe peaoaa c oo ceax oepyx ycaoo. Bo cyae ee eco annapamoe oeupoaue. B aece ax oepyx ycaoo aco coy popoeccope cce, cocae oopx eec oec caapx aapax oee, peayx pae aeaecx acoce. Bo cyae aeaeca oe pecaec e cooyoc cxe, peayx aae aeaece acoc.

oep oo pea e p aa oepoa. peyeco aaoooo oepoa ec peee aa oepoa peao acae pee pocoa opaa poecca oepoa.

Oao o oo peaoa oo aaece oe, oaa ecoo ooc eocaoo yepcaoc.

Haoee e cpeco peaa aeaecx oee o cee cooc cy BM.

Me o c c e o a c o x c c e Oo ax poe oac papao coa copeex cox execx cce ec cceoae a x yopoa a pax aax poepoa, ca cyaa. Cou cucmeau aac cce, cocoe ooo ca aocax aoecyx ey coo eeo. p cceoa cox cce oa aa cceoa a oex o oopyoa aapayp, xox ccey, a cce eo.

papy cox cce oocc pye exece, exooece, epeece poocee oec.

p poepoa cox cce cac aaa papao cce, yoeopx aa exec xapaepca. ocaea aaa oe peea o ceyx eoo:

eoo cea oao cpyyp cce c aa xapaepca;

eoo aaa pax apao cpyyp cce oecee peyex execx xapaepc.

Oa ce cce oce cyae paec eooe cy cooc ocaeo aa ecoepeca copeex eoo cea cox cce. Meo aaa cox cce, ae ce ee cea, acoee pe ocaoo pa oy pooe pacpocpaee.

a cepoaa opeeea a-o py opao cpyypa coo cce oe ee oaaee oa oepya ca. poeee ca cce ec aae aaa ee xapaepc. Ta opao, oe ao poepoa coo cce, ocyeceoo a eoo cea cpyyp, a eoo aaa apao cpyyp, ec aa oaaee eoc poepyeo cce.

Cpe ecx eoo aaa oaaee eoc cce cceoa a x yopoa ceye oe:

aaec eo;

eo aypx ca;

eo oyaypoo oepoa;

oepoae poecca yopoa cce a BM.

Cpooe aaecoe cceoae poecca yopoa cox cce paec eooo. Opeeee aaeco oe coo cce apyec oeco yco, opeeex ocoeoc pao cce, aoece ee cocax ace, e ee cpe ..

Haype ca cox cce ca c o apaa pee cpec. poeee ca peoaae ae oooo opaa cce ee eco oe, o cae apye cooae oo eoa a ae poepoa cce.

pooe peee cceoa xapaepc cox cce axo eo oyaypoo oepoa. p o coyec ac peax ycpoc cce. Bea ay oyaypy oe BM pye pao ocax ycpoc cce, oopaex aeaec oe. Oao oce cyae o eo ae ca co ae apaa pyoc, acoc, aapao co aypx oee cBM.

cceoae yopoa cox cce c oo oepoa x pao a BM ooae copa pe cpeca a papaoy.

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