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Министерство образования Российской Федерации Воронежский государственный университет Факультет романо-германской филологии Контрольные работы по английскому языку Специальность 021400 журналистика ГСЭФ. 09 иностранный язык Воронеж 2003 2 Утверждено научно-методическим советом факультета РГФ 18 декабря 2002 г.

Составители:

Т.Н. Степкина В.В. Буряченко Учебное издание подготовлено на кафедре английского языка факультета РГФ ВГУ. Рекомендуется для студентов 2 курса заочного отделения факультета журналистики.

3 От составителей Контрольные работы составлены в соответствии с требованиями, предъявляемыми к уровню подготовки выпускников неязыковых факультетов вузов.

По завершении курса обучения студенты должны уметь:

- читать со словарем тексты (страноведческого, общенаучного содержания, а также тематически связанные с будущей профессией студента);

- читать без словаря текстыстрановедческого и общеобразовательного содержания с целью извлечения общей информации;

- иметь участвовать в беседе на темы, касающиеся повседневной жизни, учебы и будущей профессиональной деятельности, соблюдать правила речевого этикета;

- уметь выражать свои мысли, используя правила английской грамматики и усвоенный лексический запас;

- получить представление о культурных традициях (общая и профессиональная культура) и правилах речевого этикета в странах изучаемого языка.

Выполнение и оформление контрольных работ должно проводиться следующим образом:

1. Письменные контрольные задания следует выполнять в отдельной тетради. На ее обложке студент должен написать свою фамилию, номер контрольной работы и название учебника (-ов), по которому (-ым) он занимался.

2. Контрольные работы надо писать аккуратно и четко, оставляя поля для замечаний и методических указаний рецензента.

3. Выполненные работы необходимо отправлять для проверки и рецензирования в университет, строго соблюдая установленные сроки.

Control work 1. Read the following words and expressions.

topic – тема topical – 1) актуальный, животрепещущий; 2) тематический priority – 1) приоритет, первенство; 2) порядок очередности background – 1) задний план; 2) кинообстановка, место действия; 3) подоплека agency – агентство, представительство correspondent – корреспондент news-gatherer – репортер newsworthy – достойный освещения в печати to select / gather / collect news – собирать информацию, новости the art of news-gathering – искусство сбора информации a staff correspondent – штатный корреспондент a district correspondent – районный корреспондент a roving correspondent – разъездной корреспондент news agency – информационное агентство wire news agency – телеграфное агентство background noise – посторонний шум What’s his background – Что он собой представляет to look up somebody’s background – наводить справки о ком-нибудь (происхождение, связи, моральный облик) educational background – подготовка, образование, квалификация to have the right background for the job – иметь хорошую подготовку для работы the background of the event – предыстория события the background of the deal was easy to explain – подоплека этой сделки была легко объяснима to stay in the background – оставаться в тени first priority – первоочередность of high priority – первоочередной, неотложный priority number one – самое важное to give priority to something – придавать первостепенное значение чемунибудь a topical article on medicine – статья на медицинскую тему to be of topical interest – представлять злободневный интерес a topical question – злободневный вопрос the topic of the day – злободневная тема the topic of conversation – тема беседы 2. Read the text and answer the questions.

1. What is a favourite subject of discussion among journalists 2. What does it mean “to be of general interest” 3. What other qualities must news possess 4. Why must the journalist have a wide acquaintance with men and affairs 5. Why is it essential to be aware of what the great mass of people is thinking 6. Is the collection of news a highly organized business Why 7. Who gathers information about provincial and foreign life 8. Who employs the foreign correspondents What is news 1. The nature of news is a favourite subject of discussion among journalists.

Some place the emphasis on one aspect, some on another but it is generally agreed that the essence of news is topicality, novelty and general interest. To be news an item of information must have a bearing on the affairs of the moment, it must be new for those who hear or read it, and it must arouse the interest of a considerable number of those hearers or readers. Items which possess these qualities to a marked degree are often spoken of as “hard” news, and are given priority by those who select and arrange the contents of the paper.

2. The art of news-gathering calls for a highly developed sense of news values. To acquire this sense the journalist must have a wide acquaintance with men and affairs, a sound educational background and a very considerable stock of general knowledge. For it is only thus that he will be able to distinguish what is new from what is already known, and what is of topical interest from what is of little concern to the majority of his readers. And this knowledge he must keep constantly up to date by being himself an assiduous reader of newspapers and magazines.



3. Above all, he must have his finger on the pulse of current thought and public opinion. He must be aware of what the great mass of people around him are thinking and feeling. He must never lose “the common touch”, for although he himself may move in a circle whose interests are specialized, what he writes must appeal to the man in the street.

The collection of news has a highly organized business. There is hardly a corner of the world today which is not covered by the gigantic network of newsgatherers employed by the local national newspapers and the great news agencies.

4. Very briefly, the system operates thus. Local news is collected by the reporters and district representatives of provincial newspapers, and by the local staff correspondents of the national dailies. Events of national importance are covered by staff reporters of the national dailies and by special correspondents of both the national and provincial press.

5. In addition, home news is reported by district correspondents of the news agencies, notably the Press Association, the Exchange Telegraph and Central News. Foreign news is gathered by Reuters news agency and by the foreign correspondents employed by the national dailies and some of the larger provincial papers. Items of interest to particular sections of the community (e.g.

trade and technical news) are gathered by a number of smaller news agencies operating in different parts of the country.

3. Give Russian equivalents for the following.

To place the emphasis on something, topicality, novelty, the essence of news, to have a bearing on the affairs, to possess some qualities, to a marked degree, to give priority to something, to select and arrange the contents of the newspaper, to acquire a highly developed sense of news values, a sound educational background, a considerable stock of knowledge, to be of little concern, to appeal to, above all, district representatives of provincial newspapers, local staff correspondents of the national dailies, home news, foreign news.

4. Translate parts 1 and 2 into Russian in the written form.

5. Discuss the following topics using given words and expressions.

1. The nature of news. Phrases to be used: a favourite subject of discussions, to place the emphasis on, topicality, novelty and general interest, to have a bearing on the affairs of the moment, to arouse interest, to give priority, to select and arrange the contents of the paper.

2. The art of news-gathering. Phrases to be used: a highly developed sense of news values, a wide acquaintance with men and affairs, a sound education background, a very considerable stock of general knowledge, to be able to distinguish, to be of interest to, to be of little concern to, to keep up to date, to have one’s finger on the pulse of current thought and public opinion, to be aware of, to appeal to the man in the street.

3. The collection of news. Phrases to be used: a highly organized business, to be covered by the gigantic network, local and national newspapers, news-gatherers, news agencies, local news, provincial newspapers, local staff correspondents, national dailies, district correspondents, foreign correspondents, items of interest to particular sections of the community.

6. Grammar Find the infinitive and explain its function in the following sentences.

Translate the sentences.

1. He can’t help you. 2. My son likes to read books. 3. I wanted to answer the letter but then I forgot. 4. The captain was the last man to leave the ship. 5. It’s necessary for you to know the truth. 6. To save the child he rushed into the burning house. 7. Tom seems to be writing something. 8. He seems to have been writing for an hour already. 9. We saw guests enter the house. 10. He is considered to be a clever man. 11. My sister seems to enjoy her trip very much.

Change the sentences using the infinitive as an attribute or adverbial modifier of purpose.

He was the first man who arrived. – He was the first man to arrive.

1. He was the first who broke the silence. 2. There’ re a lot of things that need repairing. 3. Would you be so kind and lend me your umbrella 4. He wished he had the younger brother with whom he could play. 5. There was no place where he could sit. 6. I can’t go to the party, I have nothing that I can wear. 7.

It’s convenient that you have a balcony in your flat.

Control work 1. Read the following words and expressions.

to arrange for a formal interview – договориться об официальном интервью to think up questions to ask - продумать вопросы которые намерены, задать the person to be interviewed – человек, которого предстоит проинтервьюировать to announce in advance – объявлять заранее the subject matter of the interview (article, news item) – содержание интервью (статьи, заметки ) write-up – отчет, материал to handle the matter (subject) – обрабатывать материал to play up – обыгрывать remark – замечание; зд. ответы на вопросы 2. Read the text and answer the questions.

1. How are formal interviews usually arranged 2. Why is such interview undesirable from the standpoint of the reporter 3. What is the advantage of the formal interview 4. What does the person to be interviewed announce in advance 5. What does the procedure permit the reporter and the interviewee to do 6. Why do you think it is possible to write some exclusive material after a formal interview 7. Who usually writes the best story 8. What different methods of handling the subject can be used 9. How can one get a quick answer to an exclusive question Press conference 1. Persons who know they are to be interviewed by the press often arrange for formal interviews at which representatives of all the newspapers in the community are present. From the standpoint of the reporter, such an interview is undesirable because none of the information he obtains is exclusive.





An advantage of the formal interview, however, lies in the fact that there are several minds thinking up questions to ask. Frequently the person to be interviewed announces in advance that these questions must be prepared in writing and submitted some time before the hour of the interview. The procedure permits the reporter to know exactly what the subject matter of the interview is to be, but it also allows the interviewee to prepare guarded answers to questions which, if presented spontaneously, might bring forth answers more to the reporter’s liking.

2. Even when interviewing the person in the company of other reporters, it is possible to obtain material on which to write a different story from those which the others shall write. The keenest listener and the sharpest wit present write the best story. Comparison of several write-ups based on a joint interview often discloses different methods of handling the subject. One reporter plays up one statement and the other reporter picks an entirely different one for his feature.

Still a third writer concentrates on the personality of the interviewee rather than upon his remarks.

Sometimes it is possible to loiter for a minute or two at the end of a group interview to get a quick answer to an exclusive question.

3. Give Russian equivalents for the following.

Formal interview, representative, standpoint, undesirable, obtain, exclusive, announce in advance, submit some time, procedure, interviewee, guarded questions, spontaneously, forth answers, keenest, sharpest wit, joint interview, disclose.

4. Translate parts 3 and 4 into Russian in the written form.

5. Grammar Change the sentences using the infinitive as a) a complex object and b) a complex subject.

a) Everybody considers he is a clever man. – Everybody considers him to be a clever man. I saw as he crossed the street. – I saw him cross the street.

1.I know she is a good teacher. 2. Everybody believes he is right. 3. I have never heard how she plays the piano. 4. The student expects that the article will be published. 5. I saw as the driver opened the window and threw a box into the bushes. 6. I felt as somebody looked at me. 7. Nobody watched as he spoke on the telephone.

b) They say that he lives in Warsaw. – He is said to live in Warsaw.

1. They say he is the best doctor at the hospital. 2. People say this place will be built in three years. 3. The newspapers report that the president will arrive in Minsk tomorrow. 4. Everybody knows him as the prominent public figure. 5. They say that paper has been invented in China.

Unite the following sentences using the proper infinitive form.

We must speak quietly. We don’t want to wake him up. – We must speak quietly not to wake him up.

1. It’s very cold. We can’t bathe. 2. The boy is very young. He can’t have a front-door key. 3. It was too dark. We couldn’t see the car. 4. I sent the son out of the room. I wanted to discuss his progress with the headmaster. 5. He sent his children to his sister’s house. He wanted to have some peace. 6. Don’t let the baby play with my glasses. He may break them. 7. We must take our gloves. We don’t want to get frozen.

Control work 1. Read the following words and expressions.

simultaneously – одновременно interaction – взаимодействие promote understanding – содействовать пониманию controversial topics – спорные темы unless – если………не extremely newsworthy – крайне интересное (событие) handle – иметь дело с rare occasions – редкие случаи appropriate – подходящий, соответствующий assure success – обеспечить успех site – местоположение time the conference – назначить время конференции accommodate – привести в соответствие, согласовать deadline – крайний срок make certain – убедиться handout material – раздаточный материал visuals – наглядные средства poster – плакат logo – логотип rented facility – арендованное оборудование reminder – напоминание refreshments – закуски и напитки a nice touch – хороший штрих executive – должностное лицо touchy question – щепетильный вопрос proprietary information – информация о собственности (фирмы) for public disclosure – для широкого освещения cultivate attitude – развивать отношение resent – негодовать stage manager – режиссер cordial – сердечный, искренний in the heat of questioning – в разгаре опроса obvious – очевидный get out of hand – стать неуправляемым beneficial – выгодный, полезный survey – обзор data search – поиск данных judiciously – разумно content – содержание backfire – получить противоположный ожидаемому результат 2. Read the text and answer the questions.

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