ББК 81.2 Федеральное агентство по образованию С 388 Омский государственный университет им. Ф.М. Достоевского Рекомендовано к изданию редакционно-издательским советом ОмГУ Рецензенты:
канд. филол. наук, доц. ОмА МВД России В.Г. Болотюк, препод. каф. англ. филологии ОмГУ Н.Н. Головина С 388 Синхронный перевод: практикум для студентов V курса факультета иностранных языков / сост.: О.В. Гоголь.
– Омск: Изд-во ОмГУ, 2005. – 72 с.
ISBN 5-7779-0609-5 Состоит из трех частей, представленных текстами и разраСИНХРОННЫЙ ПЕРЕВОД ботанными на их основе лексическими заданиями. Тематика и виды текстов отражают содержание рабочей программы по курПрактикум су «Синхронный перевод». Пособие может использоваться в кадля студентов V курса факультета иностранных языков честве материала, предлагаемого студентам для самостоятельного изучения.
Для студентов IV–V курса факультета иностранных языков.
Материал и задания разделены на три основные части:
Work in pairs (small groups) and translate the following into 1. Новости (подборка новостей из интернет-сайтов и других средств Russian:
массовой информации на русском и английском языках по следующим темам:
– политика, Section 1 – события в России и за рубежом, • Sudan says it is ready to consider giving Darfur federal state– экология и проблемы окружающей среды.
hood after talks with African leaders in Tripoli.
2. Тексты для перевода (подборка аутентичных текстов с прила• The UK's defence secretary is to address parliament on proposгаемым профессиональным переводом на русский язык по темам:
als to put some troops under US command in Iraq.
– политика, • A top North Korean official is visiting China for talks expected – проблемы рыночной экономики в России, – экология и проблемы окружающей среды).
to focus on the North's nuclear programme.
3. Тексты для перевода с пленки (на основе аудио-приложения к • Vladimir Putin opens the first Russian military base on the учебникам Линн Виссон и аудио-курса В. Чужакина).
border of Tajikistan since the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Последняя часть практикума представляет собой комплекс упраж• French Foreign Minister vows to fight mounting anti-Semitism нений по работе с отдельными частями аудио-приложений, а также лекin his country while visiting Israel.
сических упражнений по работе с тематическим словарным запасом.
При разработке учебной книги были использованы современные • George W Bush and John Kerry showed deep differences over аутентичные материалы, что позволяет студентам овладевать современdomestic policies in the final US presidential debate.
ной тематической лексикой по изучаемым темам.
• Poll organisers in Afghanistan ask the UN to investigate alСпециально подобранные тематические группы слов (Vocabulary leged voter fraud in the presidential election.
Notes) представляют собой основной тематический словарный запас по • The EU lifts sanctions against Libya and ends an arms emтемам, который отрабатывается и закрепляется при работе с предлагаеbargo, under strong Italian pressure.
мыми во второй части текстами.
Наличие во второй части практикума двух вариантов каждого тек- • A leading Islamic preacher is back in Turkey to face treason ста (на русском и английском языке) дает возможность использовать charges after being extradited by Germany.
учебное издание и для самостоятельной работы студентов.
Практикум содержит различные виды упражнений, направленные Section 1. Vocabulary Notes:
на комплексное развитие четырех основных речевых умений и навыков, 1. to give (federal) statehood а также позволяет разнообразить работу студентов (упражнения предпо2. the collapse of the Soviet Union лагают как индивидуальную, так и парную, и групповую, и фронтальную 3. domestic policies работу).
4. to investigate voter fraud Материал, подобранный для учебного издания, соответствует по 5. presidential election тематике и уровню лексической наполняемости и сложности требовани6. to lift sanctions (against) ям преподавания английского языка студентам V (заключительного) курса факультета иностранных языков. 7. to end an (arms) embargo 3 8. to face charges Section • The US State Department has strong doubts that the upcoming Section elections in Belarus will meet international democratic standards.
• Iraq invites the UN nuclear experts to check on the disappear• The British government rejected accusations that it might repoance of materials from its former nuclear sites.
sition British troops to more dangerous areas in Iraq to boost George W.
• Heavy US bombing raids spark a fresh exodus of residents Bush's political position in the election race.
from the rebel-held city of Falluja in Iraq.
• Leaders of Egypt, Chad, Nigeria and Libya met with Sudan's • Brazil's top general leading Haiti peacekeepers says comments president to discuss ways to resolve the humanitarian crisis in his counby US Democrat John Kerry boosted unrest.
try's western Darfur region without sanctions.
• Australia has turned down a diplomatic plea for a contribution • Interior ministers from Italy, France, Germany, Britain and to a military force to protect United Nations (UN) personnel in Iraq.
Spain began informal talks, searching for ways to improve cooperation • Britain's national academy of science urged the United Nations across the continent in fighting terror and illegal immigration.
to ignore a call by President Bush to ban all forms of human cloning.
• Thousands of anti-war and anti-globalization activists marched • The Iraq war has done little to increase security across the through central London and filled Trafalgar Square to protest the USworld or halt the activities of international terrorists, said Kofi Annan, led coalition's presence in Iraq.
United Nations Secretary-General.
• Belarussian President Alexander Lukashenko, accused of flout• Secretary of State Colin Powell will visit Japan, China and ing democratic norms, won overwhelming approval in a referendum to South Korea in an effort to restart six-nation talks about North Korea's run for a third term in office.
nuclear weapons program.
• Britain's Tony Blair appealed to kidnappers holding a hostage • US President George Bush signed into law a bill requiring the in Iraq to make contact – but ruled out doing deals.
State Department to monitor global anti-Semitism and annually rate • Pope John Paul II met with Pakistani President, encouraging countries on their treatment of Jews.
him to press ahead with a «spirit of dialogue and tolerance» in his tur• The United Nations elected five new members of the UN Secubulent region.
rity Council for two-year terms starting on January 1 – Argentina, • Parliament elected one of Hungary's wealthiest businessmen as Denmark, Greece, Japan and Tanzania.
prime minister, ending two months of political uncertainty.
• The Arab news network Al-Jazeera showed video Thursday of Section 2. Vocabulary Notes:
10 new hostages seized in Iraq.
1. nuclear sites 2. a rebel-held city Section 3. Vocabulary Notes:
3. to boost unrest 1. upcoming elections 4. to turn down a (diplomatic) plea 2. to meet international standards 5. to ban ( human cloning) 3. to reject accusations 6. to increase security 4. to reposition troops 7. military force 5. to resolve a humanitarian crisis 8. to halt the activities (of) 6. to improve cooperation 9. to signed a bill into law 7. to flout democratic norms 5 8. to run for a (second, third, etc) term in office 5. to win backing 9. to hold a hostage 6. to give decisive support 10. a turbulent region 7. to come into force 8. to pull out troops Section 4 9. a narrowing gap • Chad denied that it supported a rebellion against Sudan, saying Section it had «spared no effort» to aid the government of Sudanese President.
• Nigerian military officials say they have ceased military opera• Israel's defense minister decided to launch a large-scale, opentions in the oil rich Niger Delta following a peace deal between rival ended military operation in the Gaza Strip.
• President Bush and Democratic rival John Kerry made final • France, Russia and China blocked US and British attempts to preparations for their nationally televised debate.
investigate corruption at the UN's oil-for-food program in Iraq.
• A tentative truce between militia fighters and government • Iran’s envoy to Russia assured Moscow that Tehran would troops in Nigeria's oil-rich south appears to be holding, with the two work with the UN atomic agency to remove all concerns about its nusides expected to have a second round of talks in the capital.
• The government of southern Nigerian Rivers State welcomed • Russia is against reporting Iran to the United Nations Security the peace talks between the Abuja authorities and the leader of a sepaCouncil for what the United States and some other countries say are ratist movement fighting for the control of the country's oil wealth.
breaches of UN nuclear rules.
• Prime Minister Tony Blair won backing of his Labour Party to • Favorable public reaction to his performance in the first presikeep British troops in Iraq.
dential debate has boosted Massachusetts Sen. John Kerry and nar• The Russian government approved the Kyoto Protocol, giving rowed the contest with President Bush.
decisive support to the long-delayed climate change treaty that should • A survey of US military personnel shows they support Presiallow it to come into force worldwide.
dent Bush for re-election by a 4-to-1 ratio.
• With polls showing a narrowing gap between President Bush • Though polls show that many Americans are unhappy with the and John Kerry, independent candidate Ralph Nader said that he direction of the nation, they seem likely in the November elections to planned to continue campaigning in the key states in the final month of keep Republicans in control of the US Congress.
the presidential election.
• US officials hoping to stop a possible al Qaeda attack before • Just in time for the election, President Bush is going to one of the November election face the difficult task of providing enough secuthe most contested states to sign his fourth tax cut in four years.
rity without scaring voters away from the polling stations.
• Poland will pull all of its troops out of Iraq by the end of said Defense Minister setting a firm timetable for withdrawal.
Section 5. Vocabulary Notes:
1. to cease military operations Section 4. Vocabulary Notes:
2. rival gangs/groups 1. to launch a large-scale military operation 3. envoy 2. a tentative truce 4. to remove concerns (about) 3. a (second) round of talks 5. a breach of (UN) rules 4. peace talks 6. favorable public reaction 7 7. to support smb for re-election could take up to two years, the UN-backed body responsible said on 8. to provide security Wednesday.
9. a polling station Section 6. Vocabulary Notes:
Section 6 1. to fulfill (political) criteria 2. a refugee camp • Turkey declared it had fulfilled all the political criteria for 3. to undermine peace moves membership talks with the European Union.
4. to take over peacekeeping • An Israeli air strike on a northern Gaza refugee camp killed at 5. a cut in funding (for) least three Palestinian militants.
6. clashes (between) • Israel's government approved on Wednesday the next stage of 7. a civilian a vast barrier it is building in the West Bank, despite international criti8. to disarm fighters cism that it cuts deep into Palestinian territory and undermines peace 9. a UN-backed body moves.
• A day after the last US troops left Liberia, West African forces Section traded their camouflage helmets Wednesday for the blue ones of the • Muslim leaders winding up a summit grumbled over a United United Nations as the world body took over peacekeeping in the trouNations resolution on Iraq while criticizing a US vote to impose trade bled country.
sanctions on Baghdad's neighbor Syria.
• A small plane crashed and burst into flames in northeastern • Three American soldiers were killed and seven were wounded Australia on Wednesday, killing three children and their parents, aviain a midnight clash at a Shiite Muslim headquarters in this shrine city.
tion authorities said.
Witnesses said at least eight Iraqis also died in the fighting.
• Thousands of abandoned and abused young people who have • Malaysia, faced with angry criticism from the United States turned to prostitution in the streets of Colombia's capital may never and Europe, apologized for «any misunderstanding» over assertions by receive help from child care workers because of a government cut in Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad that Jews rule the world.
funding for outreach programs.
• The leaders of Canada's two rival right-wing parties said they • Clashes flared between rebels and loyalist forces in Liberia's had agreed in principle to join forces to challenge the ruling Liberal capital on Wednesday, leaving three civilians dead just hours after the Party in an election expected next year.
United Nations took command of West African peacekeepers.
• Three US military police and two Iraqi policemen were killed • Israeli soldiers captured a leader of the Islamic Jihad militant when rooftop attackers fired on their patrol in the Shi'ite Muslim holy group on Wednesday in a raid at a refugee camp near the West Bank city of Kerbala.
city of Jenin where he was hiding under a car, witnesses said.
• Buoyed by a diplomatic coup on Iraq at the United Nations, • Britain's Tony Blair, in the roughest patch of his premiership, President Bush arrived in Tokyo to start a six-day sweep through Asia gave his restive Labor Party a choice: stick with him and stay in power that will be dominated by issues of security, counter-terrorism and or return to the dark days of opposition.
• The US Congress was poised to approve an $87 billion emer• An ambitious plan to disarm about 100,000 fighters from Afgency spending bill for Iraq after the Senate defied President Bush and ghanistan's unruly regional militias is likely to start this month, but voted to convert a part of the package to loans.
9 speaking against the war in Iraq, banned political sermons, outlawed • The Hague war crimes tribunal on Friday sentenced three foranti-US rallies.
mer Bosnian Serb regional officials to up to 17 years' imprisonment for the «ethnic cleansing» of Muslims and Croats during the 1992–1995 • A transport helicopter packed with American soldiers crashed Bosnia war. near the main US base in Afghanistan, killing at least five of them and wounding seven others.
• 10.US spy agencies are looking at new technologies that might help them score more successes in tracking individuals, after their long • Montrealers happily hopped aboard subways and buses Sunday and, so far, fruitless searches for high-profile fugitives like Osama bin after a deal was ratified to end a week-long strike that had transit users Laden and Saddam Hussein. scrambling and business operators frustrated.
• Congress passed a forest-thinning bill to spend $760 million Section 7. Vocabulary Notes:
annually to prevent deadly wildfires like those that recently scorched 1. to wind up a summit Southern California, despite complaints from environmental groups 2. to face with criticism that the measure is a giveaway to the timber industry.
3. rival parties • State treasurers and pensions funds that help oversee $1 trillion 4. to challenge the ruling party in assets urged US regulators and business leaders to force corporations 5. a diplomatic coup to give investors more information on the financial risks from global 6. counter-terrorism climate change.
7. the Hague war crimes tribunal • A growing percentage of scientists and engineers in the United 8. to score success States come from other countries, the National Science Board reported 9. to track individuals on Wednesday.
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