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B. A. oyx, . . eec TEXHOO ABTOMATA POBOCTBEHHX CCTEM Texoo pooca eae epoo aapayp eoe ocoe 2000 32.844 77 .621.396.6.002.2 oyx B. A., eec . .

77 Texoo aoaa poocex cce. Texoo pooca eae epoo aapayp: e. ocoe/ CA. C., 2000. 68 c.; .

B oco paccapac opoc poepoa exoo pooca eae epoo aapayp. pecae opoc opaa exoo cpaee exo-ooece oe coc eae epoo aapayp.

ocoe peaaeo cyeo eo eepe op oye exooecx ooecx ceaoce, a ae oe cooao p poee ypcooo ooo poepoa.

Peee:

aepa poepo exoo paoepoo aapayp Ca-eepypcoo ocyapceoo epoexecoo yepcea;

aa execx ay oe A. C. ype - eoe ae oyx Bap Aecee eec p ocao TEXHOO ABTOMATA POBOCTBEHHX CCTEM Texoo pooca eae epoo aapayp eoe ocoe Peaop A. B. oenaea oepa epca A. H. oeo e P 020341 o 07.05.97. Cao aop 26.01.00. ocao ea 01.03.00.

opa 6084 1/16. yaa . 3. ea ocea. c. e. . 4,2. c. p.-o. 4,3.

. -. . 4,4. Tpa 100 . aa Peaoo-aec oe Ceop oepo-aecx exoo Oe oepao opa CA 190000, Ca-eepyp, y. . Mopca, 67 CA, 2000 2 Beee Ocoy ocpyo a epoo aapayp (A) coca ea, aeco oopx o oo opeee aeco ycaex e. poa oac cooa A pooce, a pacope oo exe po ooy paoopa cxeoexecx pee, eeo a ocpy.

Bcece oo p pooce A coyec poa oeaypa eae aepao c pa o-xec coca: ep, oypoo, ea x ca, acacc p. Paoopae eae, aepao peoa x opaoe po ooy cy peex exooecx poecco, a ox c py opac poeoc (e, opaoa peae, aoa p.), a ceecx (epopooa, aepa pye opaoo).

Ocoo oeo epo pooca A ec coa ooc opao apx eae epa: exooeca (cooae pyox eoo ooe), ocpya (oeee eeo a oo ooe), ayo-execa (cooae ocex oce oac eayp, x, . .).

aae e ocoeoc pooca eae A pey aeoo ye exo-ooecx coc, ocpyx ocoeoce oaaex eae cooecyx exooecx poecco.

ocoe acao cooec c popaa ypco o exoo e paopopocpoe exooecx ceaoce, a ae oe cooao cyea ooecx ceaoce p ye ypca Cce exoo oepoo pooca, ypcoo oo poepoa.

aoe ocoe pacpae ocoe opoc exoo pooca eae A, paccapa oe p poepoa ocpoe exooecx poecco, oco oe x eoc a oeo ypae.

1. OCHOB OCTPOEH ETBHX TEXHOOECX POECCOB OTOBEH ETAE ETPOHHO AAPATP 1.1. ea ocoa ocpyo a A yoae, poocee, cyaaoe ooece coca A opee peoa coca xox ee ooeo, a ae yco x pooca. o yoaoy pay ce ooe A ooc o cxeoexec, o ocpy [1, 2]. Cxeoexece ooe ocyec peopaoae cao, ocpye oecea exaecy pooc ay o ex oec. Oao pe cyae aoe paeee poec pyo paec eooo. o oocc ycpoca yoao epo, CB py pyx.

Copeea A xapaepyec o paoopae ooeo , a cece, poo oeaypo coyex aepao c pa o-xec coca. Ocoy ocpyo a A coca ea.

ema aa ee, ooeoe oopooo aepaa e pee copox oepa. Ocoeoc ocpyopco-exooecx coc eae c ceye:

cooae ooo ca eoo opao aepao, ox c py opac (aocpoee, popocpoee p.), o pcocoex pooca eae A;

peee eoo epax exoo (oypoooo eoo);

cooae poo oeayp aepao oopyoa;

eocepoc yca eae eoxooc aoaa a ocoe x poocex cce (C).

1.2. Ocoe o opeee exoo pooca eae ooee eae ocyecec ycox npouoceoo npoecca, pecaeo cooyoc cex ec paoo, opy pya poecco, peyae oopx aepa, oyapa oeye e peopayc ooy poy. ac pooceoo poecca, coepay ec o eocpeceoy ee oceyey opo ea, aa mexoouecu npoecco (T) ooe ea.



poemupoaue emae o poecc p poex pee o opy aepao, papaoe ocpy exooecoo poecca c yeo cex aoce coc poepyeo A c oooc ocpy exoo pooca. pyeo poecc poepoa pecae a pc. 1.

Texooec poecc e a a, oepa, epexo, ycao, o.

man mexoouecoo npoecca o pya oepa, oex oceoaeo ex pa ooc (apep, oooa o ope . .).

Onepau o aoea ac T, oea a oo paoe ece.

epexo ac oepa, aaac opaoe ea o o cpyeo exooeco cpeo.

cmao ac oepa ecoo epexoo, oea p eeo apee aoo.

oppoae peoa ocpy coca ea, cxo ee y yco cyaa Bop aepaa ea. Papaoa ocpy c yeo cooc pooca yco cyaa Bop eoo opao, oeceax aae peoa c yeo oea yca oooce pep Bee execx peoa, eoo opao.

oee ap aepaa oppepoa ocpy exoo pooca ea Pc. ouu aoe pax cpoax ooe eeo apeeo aoo.

Tun npouocma (accooe, cepoe, eoe), ycox oopoo peayec T, xapaepyec ceaae paox ec, oooc peaa eoo opao aepao. O xapaepa pooca ac op aoo, oopyoa, ocac.

peeo pooceoy opaee (exy, yacy) pooca opeeec oeo apee oepa K = H / P, e H co pax oepa, P co paox o ec. o OCT 14.004: accooo pooca K = 1; pyo ocepoo pooca K = 110; cpeecepoo pooo ca K = 1020; eocepoo pooca = 2040 (e o o oppyec).

aecmo emau cooyoc coc cooec c aaee ea (acac T).

Haeocm coco ea o aae y eee peyeoo poeya pee. ace oaae aeoc: eoaoc, ooeoc, peoopooc coxpaeoc.

eomaocm coco e coxpa paoococooc epepo eee aao apao.

ooeocm coco e eo coxpa paoococooc aax ycox cyaa c yeo oox oao occaoe o acye peeoo coco.

oeceo oeaec exec pecypco g-poe pecypco, . e. cyap epao pee eoao pao a pe cyaa o acye peeoo coco.

Peomonpuoocm coco e, aaeec pcocoeoc eo execoy ocya peoy.

Coxpaeocm coco e coxpa co cyaaoe oaae eee oce xpae pacoppoa.

Toocm uomoeu cee pe ecex ae apaepo e x aaoy ae. Paa ooc oeo ea ap eae. B epo cyae ooc oeaec ooe apaepo, o opo c oo epoocx xapaepc: cpeeo apeecoo ae (oe aeaecoo oa, cepc, cpeeapaecoo ooe o pacce.

1.3. Texoooc eae A Texooo ec aa ocpy ea, oopa, oea ce peoa aecy, oeceae opex ycox pooca oae apa pee, oo pya aepao.

Oaoc apa ceye oo, o oe eoxoo oy exooy ocpy e eo, a ea ec o eeo ocpy.

B cooec c eo cceo exooeco ooo pooca (ECT) paa poocey cyaaoy mexoouocm.

pouocmea mexoouocm poec copae apa pee a ocpyopcy exooecy oooy pooca, a ae a ooee e. Oa ocaec ye peaa ceyx epop:

caapa, ya pypoa eae o ocpyopco-exooec paa;

ce acc opae oeayp peex aepao;

oe oopeoc acoa eae pyx e;

pee ypoax T exooecoo oopyoa (TO).

cnyamauoa mexoouocm oeceae cee cooc pyoeoc cyaa peoa A.

oecea oea exoooc ea coep a ocox oaae.

1. Acoa poocea pyoeoc ooe ea opo-acax.

2. Ceecooc e opaae apaoy ay paox, cooc aepao oo-epeecx pecypco a pooco cyaa e. o aoee o oaae, oca eo oo oo oce ocoe pooca eoo epoa cyaa. ooy aco coy oaae mexoouecy ceecmouocm.

o exooeco ceecooc C oaec ceecooc o a ae pooca, o cyaa, o peoa, o appyea ac oo ceecooc.

1.4. B exooecx poecco, x aeco eoc Texoouecue npoecc paa o py pao: o eoy papao pee (ee, pyoe ypoae oe); o aae (paoe epcee); o cee eaa (appye, oepaoe, appyo-oepaoe); o eoy opao aepao (T , epoxeco opao ..). Ceye o, o ooe oo ea, a pao, oy cooac ecoo eoo opao o T.





Euue T o T ooe opex eae.

uuupoae (pyoe oe) T papaaac py e, ex pa ooc. Papaoe ypoax T peecye acca e c ocey pypoae.

pynnoe T paa yx o: epeao-pyoe epao-pyoe. epe papaaac pax eae, oeex a pe opao pyy o oey exooecoy pay (coye eoa, pea, ocace . .). O oo coaa ceapoae paoe eca, peee oceoaeo opao eae ap. p epao-pyoo T aoe yoaoe ee opayec e oce cop oeo ooex eae, a a epa peya opao e.

Tunoe T xapaepyc eco coepa oceoaeoc oca exooecx oepa epexoo py e c o ocpy paa.

Paoue T opaa copeee oooc pooca, a epcee copeee oce, oope peco oco a pep.

Mappym T peycapae oceoaeoc coepae oepa e yaa epexoo peo opao. coyc eo eocepo pooce.

Onepauo T ooe appy T yaae epexoo peo opao.

Mappymo-onepauo T coep ocae oex oepa e yaa epexoo peo.

Cucmea noaamee aecma mexoouecux npoecco 1. pooeoc T oeco eae (e), ooex ey pee.

2. Texooeca ceecooc ooe ea epeea ac oo cooc, aca o apaa T C = C + C + C, p e C cooc ooe aoo a eo cooc pea oax oxoo; C ocoa ooea apaoa aa poocex paox c ace a coaoe cpaxoae;

C exoe pacxo a aopa exooecoo oopyoap (TO), epoep, oee, cpye, pcocoe, caoe, oxaae pye aepa.

3. cooc T coco poecca opaac cxo ey ycaoc pe oce coo xoa eo peyae aoo-o oyaeo oec.

4. Caoc T coco poecca coxpa o pee ooc paa aeca e, apep, ococo o pee cpeeo apeecoo ae cpeeapaecoo ooe opopyeoo apaepa.

5. coa ooa oo = (C C ) t, y j i e C, C exooeca ceecooc j, i-o apao T; N j i ooa popaa yca.

6. ooo ooec e = E , y o e E opa oe aopaox oce; o ooee aae oe exooecoe oopyoae poocee oee.

7. ooee xapaepc:

aepaoeoc M /M, e M acca ea, M acca ao o;

eopae oep ( oyx, aaa . .);

xo ox P = N / N, e N co ox e a xo e T; N oe ap ayca.

1.5. a papao T exooeca oyea B ocoe papao T ooe ea e ee epe exece yco. epe oc cooec c OCTa EC o aa oy opa, eoxoy papao T. Heoxooe oeco opae ac o op ea oo aa ooe pecaee o ee ocpy.

opaaea ea oa pacooea a epee peeo ocoo oepa ee ooe. paa yaa paepo epoxoaoce oepxoc ycaaa OCT eo cce ocpyopco oyea (EC).

Ha epeax eae, a pao, yaa exece peoa ea, oope e opa paec, ae ecoe oce aepay aoo, epeco opaoe; paep, peee ooe paepo, op, pacooe oepxoce; yaa o x oee, op; aop; pacooe oex eeo; peoa aecy e; yco eoa ca; yaa o appoe ee; paa pacoppo xpae; cc a pye oye.

Papaoa T ae ce ceye a:

1) op a T a ae ypoax T;

2) op a cxoo aoo coco cxooo aepaa;

3) opeeee coepa oepa, cxe ycao aooo appya oepa;

4) op aa TO, ocac cpec exaa (aoaa);

5) aaee pace peo opao; oppoae epexoo oepa; opeeee poecc aa coee;

6) pace poepoae poocex yaco, apoae paee TO papaoa oepa epeee aooo, e oxoo;

7) op ypexox oeo-pacopx cpec;

8) oopee paoe exooeco oyea a T.

p papaoe T coy p a opa:

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