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MHCTEPCTBO CB P.B. Me-axaapo, .B. Caap, A.. Caep CHAA HA MEHAPOHX, MEOPOHX MECTHX CETX CB PECOBE B acoee pe a cex c cpa aao pooe epee pox cce oya, oope aoecy ey coo c cyecy aaoo ccea, oeac pa caa.

Coco epea cao opeec cceo caa, coyeo a ao yace ce. Ccea caa ac o a aae ca, cce epea, yaca ce.

coae, a oe ocycye ocy aepa ye pax cce caa.

Ocoeo o acaec epceo cce OC7. aoe yeoe ocoe oo opeeeo epe ycpa o poe yeo epaype.

B oco paccope ocoe ca, yacye poecce ycaoe paee coee cce caa, oope coyc a eyopoo, eyapoo eco cex c.

[eoope oe,oope oy cpec, oe epe e ya acy Aopo. OTC4/40/41/42/46 ] 1. OCHOBHE OHT OPEEEH B poecce ocya oa pocxo oe caa ey cxoe xoe ATC, o oppoa py pya o xoe ocya. Ec ycaaaeoe coeee poxo epe ecoo yo, o a ye oe oy opa appya coee. Ccea caa a ao yace coeeoo paa ac o a ca , poo cocoa paee, coyeoo epaa ..

oo, o oaoc c pa a caa, paccop ocoe o opeeeCe epoc. Ce epoc pecae coo cooyoc cpec oea opae ey ee ooae. Texece cpeca ce c a ce aoece epa, aa epea cao y oya.

eo. eo aaec yaco paa epea opa ce epoc, opae y ce ya oya yo oya aoec epao. aco, opae y ce ya oya, aaec oyao yaco.

Ceoaeo, oyao yacoeo ce c.

ee ca. ee ca coyc ey ca aoo oppoa o coco ao aaa c poecce ocya oa.

Ta opao, ee ca ecy a ee x oo aa ee caa caa eeoo ypo. B acoc o cce oya epea ao cyecy pae cce eo caa.

B yax oya ee ca oy pacpoac oceoaeo ooo ea pyoe cyae eoxooc ocyec epexo oo cce eo caa pyy.

aa eo caa. aoo aaa epea ooaeco opa opayec cea aa eo caa. Cyecy pae p opaoa oo caoo aaa:

epeaa ex cao oco oo o yxpooo eco c peex cao:

cooae ooeoo pooa (poo "C" pexpooo eco ); cooae ceao aco (aco) yp cepa aaa aapayp c aco paeee aao; cooae ceao aco e cepa aaa aapayp c aco paeee aao;

cooae o 16 peeo epae epo M cce epea.

Ca appya. Ca appya coyc ycaoe coee ce c o peoa aeo aoea. B coca cao appya xo p oepa aoea, o ca, o eeoo o, ca apoca p oepa oa, ca apoca oope epea p oepa aoea Heoope ca coyc coa paa, oeceaeo aecey epeay cooecyx o opa (paoop, ae ..). B acoee pe a eeox cex cpa coyc e cce epea cao appya coee: ea oo ooaco oo "a ec". aco ae, o poecce ycaoe coee eoxoo epe oo cce caa pyy. oo cocae cao appya cyecye ceaa oaa epexoa.

Mooacoe ca appya epeac o ycaaaeoy pay ooaeco opa. epea eax cao oo coyec aa eo caa.

Ca appya ecy peeax ce ce c ooy x oo aa cee caa caa ceeoo ypo.

Ca oppoa aoeo. ca oea ca, oc opo oc oa, aoc aoea, aoc aao apae c .p., o cy ea c aycec (yo) copooee eoopx ex cao oppoa aoeo (eeoco) o cocox ocya eo oa.

Ececeo ca epeac o ycaaaeoy pay epea oceoaeo opa.

Aoeca caa. B oe aoeco caa e ce ca, epeaaee ey aoec epao ATC. Ceoaeo, ce ca oppoa aoeo c cocao ac aoeco caa. Oeo ocoeoc aoeco caa ec o, o poecc o oo cee ac o oee aoeo oc cya xapaep.



2. COCTAB HEHX CHAOB X OPOBAHE 2.1. Coca ex cao Aa ex cao o oo ac o cce oya, aapayp epea aae eeoo ce. He, a.2.1. poc o cco ex cao po opao apaex. Ceye oe, o ec oe poo opaoo apae oocc oo poeccy ycaoe coee.

Taa 2.ee ca poo ee ca opaoo apae apae 1. ae aaa 1. cxooe cocoe 2. Oo aeo 2. oepee a aoea aaa 3. Paeee 3. Oe aeoo aoea 4. oca oa (oop 4. Oo aeoo aoea o)5. Ocooee aaa 5. Cpoc ecoo coee 6. aoc aeoo 6. Oo co copo MTC aoea (paeee)7. Ocyce coeex ye 8. opoa aaa 9. Aoe cooe 10. Aoe a eocye 11. apoc AOH p pee opoca opoa ex cao eoxoo ya ype oecy oepeoc x cao. Ta, apep, ca "paeee" oe ocy oo oce caa "ae aaa". Oao, a oeca oceoaeoc ec e eco, a oce caa "ae" ca paee oe ocy a o ao ocya oa, .e. oce oea aeoo aoea, o oea aeoo aoea .. oo, o oy o aa ex' cao c yeo oepeoc x epea, ocaoo e p pae ooe oa p ecx caa ao apae ycaoe coee. Ha ecx eeox cex oa coyec ea caa c copae aao.

2.2. epeaa ex cao oco oo epeaa ex cao oco oo ocyecec aape cocoo o paoop pooa "a" "". pacpe aaa epeaaex cao ooeo oy cooa pooa "c", "d" "".

Oe paa pax ex cao c pae opoc, eoc oceoaeoc epea cao.

epea ex cao o coee coyc cxoe xoe oe coeex ( , B ), oope peaae coacoa xoo xoo oyaooo o c coeeo e.

Taa pocea ccea epea ex cao e oeceae ec eoxo aa ex cao, ocoeo p ycaoe eyopooo eyapooo coee. Hapep, ae oe _ eyopooo coee e oy oecea pac^ caa "oe aoea", oop eoxo aaa ocea eoc paoopa aapaypo yea cooc paoopa a cxoe AMTC. o o pe a ecx eeox cex c aaoo ccea oya epea ceao opaoa oee eyopoe ypc cooae ycoex oeo, o oecea ocao aa ex cao.

B acoee pe a eeox cex poo coyec aaoopaya aapaypa c aco paeee aao, o oop eooo epeaa ee ca oco oo.

2.3. epeaa ex cao a acoe e cepa paoopoo paa B o cyae opaa aaa eo caa paec acoa e cepa 3003400 .

Oo a acoa coyec aaoe 38003950 .

oyee pax cao oe ocyeceo ye ee eoc acox oco ca acox oco. p o e caec epepa epeaa o aco o oye oeo pea co cpeoo ya oya. eoc pax acox oco (yco) o pac a, o e oyc ooo ooaa cao a peo copoe c yeo oooo cae cao poecce epea.

peyeco eo caa e ooc paoopoo cepa ec ocyce oacoc ox cpaaa -a a cao paoop oo.

Ceoaeo, pe ex cao oe poco.

Oao cooae aaa caa e paoopo ooc apyeo a cyecye aaooo eyopoo eeoo ce, e peycopea coa epeaa eoopx ex cao, ax a "aoe cooe", "aoe a", "oe aoea" p. B cyae epea ex cao a eeo acoe eoxoo ocyec pac cao pax yax oya, .e. ee ca epeaa o "caee".

Oe, o eo ao coco epea cao eeoo ypo coyec copeex aepox pox yax oya. epeaa ex cao e ooc ae e ae oooc opopoa cpaoc paoopoo aaa a aaoox yax oya c H epepeo.

2.4. epeaa ex cao a acoe yp cepa paoopoo paa p ope aco (aco) opaa aaa eo caa eoxoo ya: py ooc eeooo aaa, oacoc a cao paoop oo, ooe oex a cocee aa p epeae cae; pee oooo oea ocaooo ayxc.- eeooo aaa; pocoy aapayp caa, peoa epea opa pyx o o eeooy aay p. Ocooe pao p ope oo aac o, o caa acoa (aco) axoac ooo ae o epa pacpeee ep paoopoo caa o oaae, o acoa (aco) aaa eo caa oa axoc cepe ce 2000 . C pyo copo aco, pacooee o aco cpea (3400 ), eeae o pe eocaoo ycooc, ocaooo ayxa o oac cepa aaa.





B acoee pe a eyopoo eeoo ce cpa cyecye ooacoa ccea epea e x cao a acoe 2600 Hz.

Ha eyopoo eeoo ce ae cyecye yxacoa ccea eo caa paoopo cepe a acoax f=1200 f=1600 . Bop pyx aco coe pe pooa e, o a eeoo ce cpa ecoa yoooce paoope aa co cepo 1700 . Ceye oe, o ae yx cax aco ycoe aapaypy epea pea cao. poe oo, oee e aco yea aap o aapayp.

a o oacoc a cao paoop oo pee peec a a ax epop: acoa aa peea aa. Cy, acoo a aaec o, o ec paoopo oe oac acoa, paa cao, o oa cea copooaec py apoa. Hae ocyce aco, ox o cao, eo eepyec c oo acooacoo oca, acpoeoo a aac a cao acoo. Cy peeo a aaec o, o paoopo oe epepoe pcyce opeo aco e oe c oee 100 c. o oaae, o a ooa oca eoo caa oa e eoc e eee 100 c.

2.5. epeaa ex cao o M paa.

epeaa ex cao o M paa peec cyae cooa a eeoo ce M cce epea ey ya oya. aoo aaa ooaeco opa B 16 opayec ca aa. a ca aa ee 4 a a,b,c d, .e. ao e 125 c 16 B oo epea opa o coco yx aao. epea opa o coco 30 peex aao opayec cepx, pa 2 c (125 c x 16). Cpyypa cepxa peea a pc.2.2.

16 B yeoo a coep cepxoy cxpoa (CC). CC epeaec ax 1,2,3,4, pax 0000. 5,7,8 (X) acpoa oeco 1, 6 (Y) oaae oep cepxoo cxpoa (CC). Ec Y cae 0, o o oaae opay paoy, 1 CC a cpeo ca.

Cae , cooecye pee aaa, pacpeee cey cocoo: d ee ocooe aee "1" coyec a ooeoe cpeco cepxoo cxpoa. a,b c oy cooa opoa ex cao. B ae cpae oa coyc oo a b, c pae 0. B a.2.2 poc pooe opoae ex cao.

Taa 2. a o cyax oo (eee ae o -a oex aae) pee ex cao peec a aae peeo p. cao aae ee epo oope, pa 2 c.

eee ae oo o a b oo oepeo eee ecox cepxo Heoepeoe eee ae a oppyec:

3. COCTAB CHAOB MAPPTA X OPOBAHE 3.1. Coca cao appya B oopao ATC ca aa pecpo ooy, o o ac pecpa. B copeex yax oya pecp o e oe e pcycoa, o yoao caa ce pao oeac y oya oca ycaoe coee ey aoea eeoo ce. Coca cae ac o eeyao cocooc cce oya. Hapep, ATC e pecpooo oopyoa coca x cao oe p aec pecae coo oep, apa a aoeo. C yeee eeyaoc cco cao appya ocoo pacpec c e oe ocoepoc ycaoe coee aeca paoopoo paa. He pee ocoe ca appya, peee a eeox cex cpa.

opa o appye coee. eo y opa pae aa pecpoo. a opa eoxoa ce ycaoe coee o aeo aoea o aeoo. Ca o appye oo coco oceoaeoc ecx ao, cooecyx ay yepa. Ha eyopoo eeoo ce oa pec ooee ca, peaaee ooa eeoca. a caa oo oec ceae o ocya oepaopa pax cy xoe eyapoo ca.

Ha aoao eeoo ce acoc o a coee oep aeoo aoea oe coco 5ao ecoo coee, 7 ao oooo coee 10 ao eyopooo coee (eyopo o + oo oep aoea ). p ycaoe eyapooo coee eoxoo apa o cpa epe eyopo oepo aeoo aoea. o cpa oe coepa o 1 o 3 ecx ao. opa appya coee oo ae oec ec a coee, apae aoeo epe oepo. ecoo coee ec e peec. eyopooo coee peec ec 8, oooo coee 82, a eyapooo coee 810. ec epeac (eo ac ao) ey ya eco eeoo ce, o ycao coeee AMTC.

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