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He met with Scott's parents to suggest ways to help the situation. Now, he and Scott talk a lot not only about bullies, but also all the things Scott is excited to be learning about.

14 Scan the text again and highlight all the verbs, verb phrases and verb collocations. Transfer them to the Infinitive form in your exercisebook. If you dont know the meaning of them, look them up in the dictionary (e.g. to enroll in evening classes, to handle the stress, etc.).

15 What are the profiles of clients in your city, in your social and cultural context Have you already had experience as a social worker What were your clients profiles Discuss these questions with your partners.

16 Write one clients profile from the social and cultural context you are concerned with.

17 Look at the press releases (A, B and C) taken from the web site of the NASW and try to answer the questions below. Work in pairs.

i. Which press release is the most recent ii. What programs or projects do the press releases cover iii. Which press release refers to family planning iv. Which press release focuses on working with young people to prevent suicides v. Which program will be implemented in schools vi. How are the programs and projects funded A For Immediate Release September 24, NASW Sponsors the SOS High School Suicide Prevention Program WASHINGTON The National Associatio of Social Workers (NASW) is proud to sponsor and support the SOS High School Suicide Prevention Program, a program created and managed by Screening for Mental Health, Inc.

The SOS High School Suicide Prevention Program has demonstrated a dramatic increase in help-seeking by depressed students, and reduced suicide attempts by 40 percent in high school students exposed to the program. This program is the only school-based suicide prevention program selected by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, as a promising program for the National Registry of Effective Programs (NREP).

The program is designed to be easily replicable in a variety of school settings, using existing school personnel and implemented during one or two classroom periods. The basic message of the SOS Program is to teach high school students to respond to the signs of suicide as a mental health emergency, much as one would react to a heart attack. It focuses on teaching youth to recognize the signs of suicide and depression in themselves and others, as well as the specific action steps needed to respond to those signs.

Since 2000 the SOS High School Suicide Prevention Program has been implemented in more than 1,300 schools across the country. The cost for the program is $200.00. Registration information and downloadable forms are available Online at http://www.mentalhealthscreening.org/sos_highschool/index.htm or call (781) 239-0071.

NASW encourages social workers employed in school settings to consider making this a part of ongoing mental health prevention services.

B For Immediate Release September 16, NASW Endorses World Mental Health Day October 10, WASHINGTONThe National Association of Social Workers (NASW) endorses World Mental Health Day (WMHDAY) on October 10, 2004.

In the years since the World Health Organization (WHO) defined health as the complete state of physical, mental, and social well being and not merely the absence of disease, there has been an increased understanding of the interrelationship between physical health and mental health. The theme of World Mental Health Day 2004, The Relationship Between Physical and Mental Health: Co-occurring Disorders, focuses attention on an emerging recognition of the integral relationship between physical and mental health.

Organizations and individuals from more than 150 countries will participate in this educational event. NASW encourages members to participate in educating colleagues and communities about the interrelationship between physical health and mental health.

This year's WMHDAY global education packet offers information, resources, and research findings to support the idea of fully body health. Materials can be downloaded through the World Federation for Mental Healththe organization responsible for World Mental Health DayWeb site at http://www.wfmh.org. Download the packet by section or in its entirety.

C For Immediate Release February 23, NASW is Co-Sponsoring Partner of the March for Women's Lives April 25, 2004 on the National Mall in Washington, DC WASHINGTON At 10 am, Sunday, April 25, 2004, at the Lincoln Memorial social workers from around the country will be joining the March for Women's Lives and will rally for women's rights to reproductive freedom on the National Mall from 1 pm to 4 pm.

The government is sending a clear message to women by not funding abortions for poor women and decreasing availability of family planning and reproductive health services for others, including men, says Elizabeth J. Clark, PhD, ACSW, MPH, executive director of the National Association of Social Workers (NASW).

Oftentimes, family planning clinics are the primary source of medical care for both women and men. These clinics are also the place where medical and psychosocial problems, such as domestic violence, that are unrelated to family planning, are first identified and addressed, she adds.



The social work profession bases its position on family planning and reproductive health services on selfdetermination.

Every woman and every man should have the choice of which reproductive health services, family planning, or abortion services they want or need without stress and harassment from others within their own personal beliefs, says Clark.

NASW opposes government restrictions on access to these reproductive health services, including abortion, or in financing them in health insurance and foreign aid programs. NASW also opposes any legislative and funding restrictions on medically approved forms of birth control, including emergency contraception. NASW does, however, support legislative measures to protect clients and providers seeking and delivering reproductive health services from harassment and violence.

For more information about the March for Women's Lives, please contact Dina Zarella at dzarella@naswdc.org or sign up to join NASW at the march by visiting http://www.socialworkers.org/advocacy/events/choiceMarch/default.asp NASW's position statement on Family Planning and Reproductive Health can be found in Social Work Speaks, Sixth Edition, NASW Press 2003. Media can contact Lahne Mattas-Curry at media@naswdc.org for a copy of the position.

More information about the March for Women's Lives can be found at www.marchforwomen.org 18 Look again at press releases A, B and C. How would you fully express the following word combinations Which words have been left out a) World..... Health Day b) Family Planning and..... Health c) the SOS High School Suicide..... Program d) the Substance..... and Mental Health..... Administration e) U. S. Department of Health and Human ..

19 Match the adjectives with the nouns.

promising dramatic depressed global medical ongoing domestic reproductive executive a).... students b) . program c) . education d) . Violence e) . increase f) . care g) . director h) . health i) . services 20 Choose one of the projects described in Exercise 17 and write a summary of the project.

Evaluation 1. What have you done in this unit 2. What have you learnt from it 3. What did you enjoy about it 4. Have you any criticisms of it 5. Have you any recommendations or suggestions for doing it differently Social Security Policy Never for the sake of peace and quiet deny your convictions.

Hammarskjold, Dag; 1905-1961, Swedish Statesman, Secretary-general of U.N.

.

1 What does the phrase social security policy mean Give your own explanation.

2 What are the main branches of Social Security Policy Fill in the scheme below and discuss your answers within your group.

3 Make comments on the quotation given at the beginning of the unit.

Social Security 4 Read the text about the Social Security Policy in the USA and be ready to complete the tasks which follow.

The Politics of Reforming Social Security Why is Social Security on The 1972 law essentially the agenda for the first time in removed Social Security from the fifteen years Why are policy regular governmental agenda. The makers considering modifying or program had reached maturity, and replacing the program Social particularly as the economy stalled, Security was once such a regular there were no further pressures to item on the governmental agenda expand it. Although insulated from that no detailed explanation was inflation, Social Security was still really required. Between 1935 and vulnerable to other economic 1973 Congress and the President shocks and to long-term enacted twenty-five Social demographic changes. Social Security laws more than one bill Security has returned to the every two years as they governmental agenda only twice transformed a relatively small since 1972, each time because of retirement program, with initial tax actuarial imbalances. It first rates of one percent each on returned in 1975, after actuaries employees and employers, into the calculated that the program was mature program we know today, facing a deficit within three years.

with tax rates of 6.2 percent. The sources of the problem were During the final six years of this two: some mistakes in drafting the period, Social Security was original adjustment formula, which constantly on the agenda, as overcompensated for inflation, and Congress and the President economic stagnation which responded to unusually high reduced revenues below their inflation by raising benefits seven projections. After two years of times. Finally, in 1972, they placed debate, Congress and the President Social Security on automatic pilot enacted a 1977 bill that phased in by enacting a provision that each tax increases and recalibrated the year adjusts the wage base for inflation adjustment.

changes in average wages and (Douglas, A.R.., (1998)).

retirement benefits for changes in the consumer price index.

5 Look at the words in bold in the text and try to explain them.

6 Explain the meaning of the following terms used in the text.

enacted inflation tax vulnerable agenda imbalances maturity stagnation to expand 7 How well did you understand the article Complete the following sentences.

1. The 1972 law essentially removed Social Security from the regular..1.. agenda.





2. Social Security has returned to the governmental agenda only twice since 1972, each time because of..2...

3. Between 1935 and 1973, Congress and the President..3..

twenty-five Social Security laws more than one bill every two years.

4. After two years of debate, Congress and the President enacted a 1977 bill that phased in..4.. and recalibrated the inflation.

5. Although..5.. from inflation, Social Security was still vulnerable to other economic shocks and to long-term..6.. changes.

8 Cross the odd word out.

A. Inflation Stagnation Development Government B. Protection Security Control Disorder C. Law Edict Decree Request 9 Compare the history of Social Security Policy in the USA and in our country. Make up a report about Social Security Policy in modern Russia. Be ready to present your opinion in class.

10 Read the following passage from an article about Pension reform in Germany.

The financing problems beleaguering the public pension system have again shifted the spotlight onto the retirement age. This paper examines the impact of various reform options on the actual retirement choices of older workers. The paper focuses in particular on the long-term implications of the changes implemented in pension legislation since 1992 and the reform options discussed by the German Social Security Reform Commission installed in 2002. Our simulations show that the early-retirement pension adjustment factors introduced by the 1992 pension reform will, in the long term, raise the average effective age of retirement for men by somewhat less than two years. The across-the-board two-year increase in all the relevant age limits proposed by the German Social Security Reform Commission would raise the effective average age of retirement of men by about eight months. If the actuarial adjustment factor is increased from 3.6% to 6% per year, the effective average retirement age rises by almost two years. The effects are considerably weaker for women.

(By Axel Borsch-Supan, Barbara Berkel. NBER Working Paper, 9913, August 2003. // http:// www. nber.org/papers/w9913) 11 Write an annotation to the text above.

12 Discuss the problem of pension reform in Russia. Do you know the history of modern pension reform in Russia Evaluation 1. What have you done in this unit 2. What have you learnt from it 3. What did you enjoy about it 4. Have you any criticisms of it 5. Have you any recommendations or suggestions for doing it differently Disability Fear and prejudice are often based on ignorance and unfamiliarity. B. Barnes, British Psychologist, Writer 20-th century .

..

1 Could you define the term a disabled person What other synonyms of this phrase that are used in English-speaking countries do you know Which of these words seem to be offensive when referring to a disabled person If necessary look up the information in a dictionary.

a disabled person USA Canada UK Australia 2 Give your own definition of a disability and write it down.

Work in pairs and share your ideas with your partner.

3 Now read the text below on how the problem of defining disability is viewed in the UK and check whether your ideas coincide with the views expressed in the passage or not.

What is a disability Several writers and impairment to refer to the organizations have tried to make a physical dimension and distinction between physical disability as the term that aspects of disability and socially incorporates the socially created created limitations. Ann Shearer aspects.

uses the terms disability and These distinctions are handicap in this way, suggesting important because they reflect that disability must be taken as differing ways of thinking about given, but handicap is something disability. On the one hand, there that is imposed on that disability to is a medical model of disability, make it more limiting then it must which focuses on the individual necessarily be. The extent to which and physical conditions a disability is a handicap depends (impairments). A social model of on a number of factors such as a disability takes the focus away type of job a person has, the from the individual and looks at services that exist to help, the disabling environments ways in attitudes of society and the which society creates disabilities.

personality of the person with the The definition, adopted by disability. Ann Shearer illustrates Oliver and Barnes, suggests that this point by arguing that not being the term disability refers to:

able to run for a bus wouldnt be a handicap if buses waited for the the disadvantage or restriction passengers. However, many caused by a contemporary social disabled people find a term organization which takes no or handicap offensive because of its little account of people who historical association with begging haveimpairments and thus and charity. A similar distinction excludes them from the can be made using the term mainstream of social activities.

(By Y. Pat, Mastering Social Welfare.) 4 Look at the words in bold in the text What is a disability and try to explain them. Make up sentences with these words.

5 Fill in the correct word(s) from the list below. Use the word(s) only once.

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