a. Making use or 1. Method finding use for something 2. Poverty b. The practice of performing charitable actions 3. Utilization c. Capacity to endure 4. Concept something 5. Philanthropy d. A manner, a process or the regular way of doing 6. Tolerance something e. The condition or state of needing money f. Idea 17 What do you know about the history of social work Read the text about Jane Addams, “the mother of social work”. Have you know this name befor Jane Addams – Mother of Social Work Growing up as the eighth of nine poor. They decided to bring the concept children in rural 1860’s Cedarville, IL, to America, and found a decayed Jane Addams described herself as an mansion on Chicago’s Halstead Street “ugly, pigeon-toed little girl” with a originally built by a merchant named crooked back. Surgery eventually Charles Hull. Hull house opened its doors corrected her congenial spinal defect, for all those who cared to enter on but not before Jane identified herself September 18, 1889. So great was the with the misfits and victims of society. need for basic social service that 2,The “horrid little houses” in the slums people a day asked and received help. The nearby Freeport shocked her and got her old mansion grew to include many firsts wondering about what could be done to for Chicago, including a playground, improve them. She was six years old at gymnasium, citizenship preparation that time. classes, public baths and a swimming Jane was blessed with a father pool. It led to the enactment of the first whom she adored and who impressed factory in Illinois, the first tenement code her with his virtues of tolerance, and was the birthplace of four labour philanthropy and his strong work ethic. unions. Hull house became a national He was a man of influence himself, an historic landmark in June of 1967.
owner of grain mills, officer in the Civil Jane Addams made her childhood War, State Senator for 16 years and dream of improving living conditions for personal friend of President Abraham the poor come true. She didn’t make it to Lincoln, also from Illinois. John Addams Oslo for the Nobel Prize, though, as her encouraged his daughter to pursue an health had begun to fail by 1931. When education. Her schooling emphasized she passed away on May 21, 1935, a train social responsibility and passion for carried her from the funeral services at culture and good works. For a while, she Hull House to rest in Cedarville, the place set her sights on becoming a doctor and where she grew up and began her life’s stayed at the school for another six passion of service. So great has been the years. lasting effect of her works that Jane After school Jane and a friend Addams has been described as one of from college, Ellen Starr were touring social work’s “founding mothers”.
Europe and Britain when she visited London’s East End and Toynbee Hall. (Adapted from Shepler, J. (1999)).
Toynbee Hall was a “settlement house”, ministering to the needs of London’s 18 Look at the words in bold in the text above and try to explain them.
19 Fill in the sentences with the correct word (s) from the text.
a. Jane Addams has been described as one of social work’s “..1..
b. She made her childhood dream of..2.. come true.
c. Jane and a friend from college, Ellen Starr were touring..3..
when she visited London’s East End and Toynbee Hall.
d. So great was the need for..4.. that 2,000 people a day asked and received help.
e. John Addams encouraged his daughter to..5.. education f. Jane Addams described herself as an “ugly,..6.. little girl” with a crooked back.
Creating a timeline when reading helps you to understand the order of events in the text. Some texts present a series of events in chronological order. If you record these events on a timeline, it will help you to understand and remember the order of these events.
20 A timeline with key dates from “Jane Addams – Mother of Social Work” is shown below. Record the events that happened on those dates in the spaces provided. Use the timeline to help you to review the story.
Where and/ or when Events in the life of Jane Addams 1860’s Cedarville, IL Europe and Britain September 18, June of May 21, 21 What do you know about the history of social work in our country Find information about the main steps in the development of social work in Russia and be ready to share it with your group.
22 The manager of the company you work for has asked employees to give their opinions on the role of social work in modern Russian society.
Write an article for a newspaper. Before you start writing, be sure you know the main features of a newspaper article (see below Language Learning Strategies section).
Articles are pieces of writing which appear in newspapers or magazines aiming to make a topic interesting to readers. They can be formal or informal in style depending on the type of publication and the topic of the article itself.
A good article should consist of:
• an eye-catching headline which gives the reader an idea of what the article is about. Headlines are normally brief and are written in the same style (i.e. formal or informal) as the article itself.
• an interesting introduction.
• a main body consisting of two or more paragraphs where details on the topic are given.
• a conclusion which gives an appropriate ending to the article.
Evaluation 1. What have you done in this unit 2. What have you learnt from it 3. What did you enjoy about it 4. Have you any criticisms of it 5. Have you any recommendations or suggestions for doing it differently Social Workers Code of Ethics God is dead, but fifty thousand social workers have risen to take his place.
J.D. McCoughey, Delegate of NASW in America ………………………………………………………………………………… 1 Look at this drawing. What are your associations connected with the social workers’ code of ethics Work with a partner and complete the drawing with as many words as you can.
code ethical of principles ethics 2 Compare your drawing with another pair’s. How many words are the same Extend your diagram.
3 Give your own definition of ‘code of ethics’ and write it down.
Work in pairs and share your ideas with your partner.
4 You are going to read the preamble from the Code of Ethics of the National Association of Social Workers in America. Skim the following text in order to understand the main ideas.
The primary mission of the administration, advocacy, social social work profession is to and political action, policy enhance human well-being and development and implementation, help meet the basic human needs education, and research and of all people, with particular evaluation. Social workers seek to attention to the needs and enhance the capacity of people to empowerment of people who are address their own needs. Social vulnerable, oppressed, and living workers also seek to promote the in poverty. A historic and defining responsiveness of organizations, feature of social work is the communities, and other social profession's focus on individual institutions to individuals' needs well-being in a social context and and social problems.
the well-being of society. The mission of the social Fundamental to social work is work profession is rooted in a set of attention to the environmental core values. These core values, forces that create, contribute to, embraced by social workers and address problems in living. throughout the profession's history, Social workers promote are the foundation of social work's social justice and social change unique purpose and perspective:
with and on behalf of clients. service "Clients" is used inclusively to social justice refer to individuals, families, dignity and worth of the person groups, organizations, and importance of human relationships communities. Social workers are integrity sensitive to cultural and ethnic competence.
diversity and strive to end This constellation of core discrimination, oppression, values reflects what is unique to the poverty, and other forms of social social work profession. Core injustice. These activities may be values, and the principles that flow in the form of direct practice, from them, must be balanced within community organizing, the context and complexity of the supervision, consultation, human experience.
(adapted from http://www.socialworkers.org/pubs/code/code.asp) 5 The preamble describes the mission and core values of this profession. Read the text again and make a list of the purposes of the social work profession.
The purpose of social work is to enhance the life of human beings, helping…… etc.
6 Look at the words in bold in the text and try to explain them.
7 Fill in the correct preposition or the word, then make sentences using the phrases.
a) to … somebody’s needs b) to focus …. individual well-being c) to contribute …… social development d) to pay attention …. empowerment of people 8 In groups of three discuss the purposes of social work. Can you add any other purposes besides those mentioned in the preamble Do you know whether such a document exists in Russia 10 The NASW (National Association of Social Workers) Code of Ethics sets forth basic values, ethical principles and ethical standards to guide the conduct of social workers. The following extract from this document deals with values and ethical principles.
Skim the table below and match the values in the left column with their ethical principles in the right column. There is a description of the principles in the right column, too.
Values Ethical principles 1. Competence A. Social workers' primary goal is to help people in need and to address social problems.
Social workers elevate service to others above selfinterest. Social workers draw on their knowledge, values, and skills to help people in need and to address social problems. Social workers are encouraged to volunteer some portion of their professional skills with no expectation of significant financial return.
2. Service B. Social workers challenge social injustice.
Social workers pursue social change, particularly with and on behalf of vulnerable and oppressed individuals and groups of people. Social workers' social change efforts are focused primarily on issues of poverty, unemployment, discrimination, and other forms of social injustice. These activities seek to promote sensitivity to and knowledge about oppression and cultural and ethnic diversity. Social workers strive to ensure access to needed information, services, and resources; equality of opportunity; and meaningful participation in decision making for all people.
3. Importance of C. Social workers respect the inherent dignity and Human worth of the person.
Relationships Social workers treat each person in a caring and respectful fashion, mindful of individual differences and cultural and ethnic diversity. Social workers promote clients' socially responsible self-determination. Social workers seek to enhance clients' capacity and opportunity to change and to address their own needs. Social workers are cognizant of their dual responsibility to clients and to the broader society.
They seek to resolve conflicts between clients' interests and the broader society's interests in a socially responsible manner consistent with the values, ethical principles, and ethical standards of the profession.
4. Integrity D. Social workers recognize the central importance of human relationships.
Social workers understand that relationships between and among people are an important vehicle for change. Social workers engage people as partners in the helping process.
Social workers seek to strengthen relationships among people in a purposeful effort to promote, restore, maintain, and enhance the well-being of individuals, families, social groups, organizations, and communities.
5. Dignity and E. Social workers behave in a trustworthy manner.
Worth of the Person Social workers are continually aware of the profession's mission, values, ethical principles, and ethical standards and practice in a manner consistent with them. Social workers act honestly and responsibly and promote ethical practices on the part of the organizations with which they are affiliated.
6. Social Justice F. Social workers practice within their areas of competence and develop and enhance their professional expertise.
Social workers continually strive to increase their professional knowledge and skills and to apply them in practice. Social workers should aspire to contribute to the knowledge base of the profession.
11 Imaging that you are taking part in the All-Russia Conference whose agenda is to develop the Code of Ethics for social workers in Russia. Which values and which ethical principles are the most important ones for Russia Make a list of values and principles according to their importance for Russia. Now you will take part in a round – table discussion in which you will be expected to put forward a certain point of view. Examine the Learning Strategies section to be sure how to plan your speech.
When speaking about a topic, you need special words and phrases for organizing your ideas. Group the phrases in the box below according to the purpose of the speaker.
Expressing ideas/Suggesting: ……………………………………… Interrupting politely: …………………………………………… Agreeing / Disagreeing: …………………………………………… Bringing discussion back to the point: ………………………………..
Concluding: …………………………………………… 1. Certainly/ I agree entirely 2. Perhaps /Though / We should consider an alternative option. For example… 3.I see what you mean but … 4. I think that 5. That is not what I meant…. 6. Could we conclude our discussions 7. Perhaps I might summarize our view…. 8. My main point is… 9. To return to what I was just saying … 10. Yes, but….
11. That is all very well but … 12. I take your point, but … 13. Forgive me for interrupting, but …. 14. My view is that …..
15. If there are no objections, let’s see if we have a consensus. It seems to me….
16. As I said before…. 17. Let’s get back to your point 18. Getting back to the original idea…. 19. In my opinion….
20. As far as I am concerned … 21. Perhaps we might consider … 22. Well, I suggest that … 23. Can I say something here 24. I couldn’t agree more … 12 On the home page of the NASW of America you can find a lot of information about the Association and its activities including description of social workers ethical standards.
These standards concern:
(1) social workers' ethical responsibilities to clients, (2) social workers' ethical responsibilities to colleagues, (3) social workers' ethical responsibilities in practice settings, (4) social workers' ethical responsibilities as professionals, (5) social workers' ethical responsibilities to the social work profession, and (6) social workers' ethical responsibilities to broader society.
Navigate this site http://www.socialworkers.org/pubs/code/code.asp Choose one issue in all of the 6 areas (total 6 standards) depending on your preferences and interests and write short annotations. Be ready to make a presentation to your peers on the ethical standards you have chosen at the next lesson.
13 The next text describes three client profiles. Read it and complete the table.
Client’s Age Her/his challenge Social worker’s Results name assistance Client Profiles Tara, a new mother, is 16 years old. She lives with her grandparents and hasn't finished high school. Her social worker helped her child get health insurance and regular check up, and helped Tara apply for public assistance. With her social worker's support, Tara enrolled in evening classes to finish high school and found a support group to help young mothers with parenting skills.
Bob is experiencing stress as a single parent.
He is referred by a social worker to a good child care agency. The social worker also helps Bob explore flextime with his employer and works with a coalition of local employers to make flextime and child care more available to others in the same situation. In addition, the social worker provides therapy to help this young father handle the immediate stress of raising children on his own.
Scott is 8 years old and loves to learn. He began skipping school after bigger kids started teasing him. His school's social worker alerted Scott's teachers who helped control the bullying.