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Enact to put something into action, especially to change something into a law Exodus a departure of many people at one time Expand to increase in size, number or importance, or to make something increase in this way Explosives a substance which is able or is likely to blow up, burst loudly and violently Famine a situation in which a large number of people have little or no food for a long time and many people die Feasible a plan, idea, or method that is possible and is likely to work Financial viability the state of a system related to money or management of money being able to work successfully Flashback a part of a film, play, etc. that shows a scene earlier in time than the main story Full-time social workers usually work a standard 40-hour week; however, some occasionally work evenings and weekends to meet with clients, attend community meetings, and handle emergencies Fund raising a sum of money saved, collected, or provided for a particular purpose Gender (sex) the physical and/or social condition of being male or female Glass ceiling a point beyond which you cannot go, usually in improving [usually cingular] your position at work Goodwill friendly and helpful feelings Handicap a serious, usually permanent, physical or mental condition that affects one’s ability to walk, see, speak, etc. *The words “physically or mentally handicapped” were used a lot in the past, but many people now feel these words offensive and prefer to use expressions with “disabled and disability” Handout a small amount or portion of something that is given out Home-care staff people who help with personal care at home Housekeeper a person, especially a woman, whose job is to organize another person's house and deal with cooking, cleaning Human rights the basic rights which are generally considered all people should have, such as justice and the freedom to say what you think Humanity people in general Imbalance when two things which should be equal or are normally equal are not Impairment if somebody’s ability to hear, speak or see has been damaged, but not destroyed completely, they have a certain impairment: impaired hearing, speech, sight (or vision).
People can also be described as visually/ hearing impaired or partially sighted Inflation a general, continuous increase in prices Interfere with to distract somebody or prevent them from doing something Investment using money to buy, for example, shares or property, develop a business enterprise, in order to earn interest, bring profit, or improve the quality of something Labour market UK, the supply of people in a particular country or area who are US labor market able and willing to work Latch key kids children who have their own key to their home because there is no one to let them in after school Legislation a law or a series of laws Life - threatening a disease which is dangerous for individual’s life disease Lifting equipment special tools or machines that you need to raise, move or carry something Local social services bodies that deal with social problems and are in charge of departments how they are treated Maintain a) to make something continue in the same way or at the same high standard as before b) to provide someone with the things they need, such as money or food Malnutrition illness or weakness caused by not having enough food to eat, or by not eating good food Massacre a) an act of killing a lot of people b) INFORMAL a bad defeat, especially in sport Maturity the quality of behaving mentally and emotionally like an adult Meals-on-wheels a service in which meals are taken by car to old or sick people in their own homes Means-tested basis basing on an official enquiry into somebody’s wealth or income in order to discover if they are qualified for financial help from public funds Mediation trying to get agreement between two or more people or groups who disagree with each other Memorial services an object, work or duties established to remind people of a past event or a person who died Mental [before noun] relating to the mind, or involving the process of thinking Mission any work that someone believes is their duty to do Non-profits organizations which don’t make profit, usually intentionally Normality the state of being typical, usual, or expected; not suffering from any mental disorder Pacific settlement an official making peace agreement that ends with an argument or a dispute Partnership a) the state of being a partner in business b) a relationship between two people, organizations, or countries that work together regularly Peacekeeping and the management of relations between countries, especially preventive diplomacy by each country’s representatives abroad based on the intention to help maintain peace and prevent war Philanthropic a philanthropic person or institution gives money and help to people who are poor or in trouble Philanthropy helping poor people, especially by giving them money Physical dimension related to body measurement of any sort: length, size, extent, height, breadth, thickness, etc.
Pledge a solemn promise Post-traumatic stress the condition that is unpleasant and causing distress usually followed by some accident or unpleasant event Poverty a) the condition of being extremely poor b) formal a poverty of sth is lack of something or when the quality of something is extremely low Preventative work actions intended to stop something happening or a situation getting worse Public - pension system it is a system when state is responsible for financial support of retired people Public awareness knowledge or understanding of a particular subject or situation by ordinary people in a country Quake-proofing evidence that shows or helps to show that shaking of earth is true or is a fact Ration a limited amount of something which one person is allowed to have, especially when there is not much of it available Redemption the state of being freed from the power of evil, believed by Christians to be made possible by Jesus Christ Relief agencies bodies dealing with easing or removing of pain, distress or anxiety Relief appeal an urgent request for something important such as money, food, or services, especially to help someone in a bad situation Retirement when you leave your job and stop working, usually because you are old Right (morally acceptable) considered fair or morally acceptable by most people Rigors severe conditions Second-rate being of poor quality, not very good Self-determination the right or opportunity of individuals to control their fates Sexism (actions based on) the belief that the members of one sex are less intelligent, able, skilful, etc. than the members of the other sex, especially that women are less able than men Single - parent family such family is headed by one parent, usually female Social justice/injustice behaviour or treatment that is fair and morally correct / a situation or action in which people are treated unfairly Social security a system of payments made by the government to people who are ill, poor or who have no job Social worker a person who works for the social services or for a private organization providing help and support for people who need it Solidarity unity, agreement and support resulting from showed interests, feelings, actions, sympathies, etc.
Sponsor a person or organization that gives money to support an activity, event, or organization sometimes as a way to advertise your company or product Sponsorship the process when someone gives money to support something (an activity, event, organization) sometimes as a way to advertise your company or product Stagnate to stay the same do not grow or do not develop Starvation suffering or death caused by lack of food Substance abuse assess and treat individuals with substance abuse problems, including abuse of alcohol, tobacco, or other drugs Suicide prevention a plan of activities or a set of instructions dealing with program stopping acts of killing yourself intentionally from happening or stopping a person from doing this Suppliers persons or firms giving somebody something that is needed or useful, providing somebody with something for a need Tangible real or not imaginary; able to be shown, touched or experienced Tax (an amount of) money paid to the government, which is based on your income or of the cost of goods or services you have bought Terrorism the use of violence for political aims or to force a government to act, especially because of the fear it causes among the people Therapeutic and a piece of equipment, buildings, services that provide recreational facilities enjoyment and good general effect on the body or mind of a person To abuse to use or treat someone or something wrongly or badly, especially in a way that is to your own advantage To address problems to deal with a matter, situation, person or thing that needs attention and needs to be dealt with and solved To encourage a) to make someone more likely to do something or to make something more likely to happen b) to talk or behave in a way that gives someone confidence to do something To enhance human to improve the process of people’s growing, changing and development becoming more advanced To handle stress to deal with a great worry caused by a difficult situation, or something which causes this condition To meet smb’s needs to do, fulfill or satisfy somebody’s basic necessities or requirements To run the home to be the head of the household To take advantage of 1) to make use of something well, properly 2) to treat someone badly in order to get something good from them Tolerance (acceptance) willingness to accept behaviour and beliefs which are (FORMAL toleration) different from your own, although you might not agree with or approve of them Treat to give medical care or attention to a person or a condition Trigger to be the cause of a sudden, often violent reaction; to start something Two - career families a type of the family when both of the parents have a work Undergo if you undergo a change, an unpleasant experience etc. it happens to you, or is done to you Unlawful being against the law, illegal Victim someone or something which has been hurt, damaged or killed or has suffered, either because of the actions of someone or something else, or because of illness or chance Violation breaking or being contrary to a rule, principle, treaty, etc.
Violence a) actions or words which are intended to hurt people b) extreme force Vulnerable able to be easily physically, emotionally, or mentally hurt, influenced or attacked Wear out to make someone feel extremely tired Working mother a woman/man/parent who has a job and cares for his or her children Worth of the person the importance or usefulness of something or someone REFERENCES 1. Addis, C. (1994). Britain now: British life and institutions. BBC English.
2. Bearak, B. India quake leaves legacy of chaos thousands vie for space on trains to flee a land of fear and misery. International Herald Tribune, 2001.
3. Because I’m worth it! Newsweek, № 22, September 2003.
4. Borsch-Supan, A., Berkel, B. (2003) Pension reform in Germany: the impact on retirement decisions. Retrieved January 15, 2005 from the Web site of the National Bureau of Economic Research: http://www.nber.org/papers/w5. Code of Ethics of the National Association of Social Workers, approved by the 1996 NASW Delegate Assembly and revised by the 1999 NASW Delegate Assembly. Retrieved September 5, 2004, from http://www.socialworkers.org/pubs/code/code.asp 6. Douglas, A.R. (1998). The politics of reforming social security. Political Science Quarterly, № 3, 213-241.
7. Goodman, R. To feed a growing world family, fund science for farmers. The Times, 2001.
8. International Herald Tribune, № 3, February 2001.
9. International Herald Tribune, № 4, April 2001.
10. Kohler, H., Wolfensohn, J.D. Africans are ready for bold change, with help.
International Herald Tribune, № 1, February 2001.
11. Pat, Y. (2000). Mastering social welfare. MacMillan Press LTD, 127-148.
12. Shepler, J. (1999). Jane Addams, mother of social work. Her life of activism from Cedarville to Hull House. Retrieved January 15, 2005, from http://www.johnshepler.com/articles/janeaddams.html 13. Social workers: nature of the work. Retrieved February 15, 2005, from the Web site of Collegegrad.com:
http://www.collegegrad.com/careers/proft41.shtml 14. Struggling for balance in government reactions. The Times, October 2001.
15. The New Encyclopaedia Britannica (2001). V.2.
16. The whiniest generation. Newsweek, № 17, February 2003.
17. Thompson, N. (2000). Understanding social work. New York, 40-50.
18. Wilbon, M. (2001). A weekend of charity, hope and redemption. The seldless side of NBA all-star HOOPLA. Washington Post Service, April 2001.
19. http://gorod.tomsk.ru/index-1175743167.php 20. http://www.quotatiospage.com Агафонова Лидия Ивановна Вакурина Наталья Анатольевна Верхотурова Вера Викторовна SOCIAL WORK:
WHAT IS IT Учебное пособие по английскому языку для студентов гуманитарных факультетов и институтов, обучающихся по специальности 521100 «Социальная работа» Издание второе, исправленное Компьютерная верстка: Дерюгина А.А.
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