ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОЕ АГЕНТСТВО ПО ОБРАЗОВАНИЮ Государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования ТОМСКИЙ ПОЛИТЕХНИЧЕСКИЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ ИНСТИТУТ ЯЗЫКОВОЙ КОММУНИКАЦИИ Агафонова Л.И.
WHAT IS IT Учебное пособие Издание второе, исправленное Рекомендовано Научно-методическим советом по иностранным языкам Министерства образования и науки РФ в качестве учебного пособия для студентов высших учебных заведений, обучающихся по специальности 521100 – «Социальная работа» Издательство Томского политехнического университета ТОМСК 2007 УДК 802.0:37+364.3 (075.8) ББК Ш 143.21-923.8+У9(2)272 я73 А 235 Агафонова Л.И.
А 235 Social Work: What is it Учебное пособие по английскому языку для студентов гуманитарных факультетов и институтов, обучающихся по специальности 521100 «Социальная работа» / Агафонова Л.И., Вакурина Н.А., Верхотурова В.В. - 2-е изд., испр. – Томск: Изд-во Томского политехнического университета, 2007. – 99 с.
Учебное пособие предназначено для студентов гуманитарных факультетов и институтов, обучающихся по специальности 521100 «Социальная работа» и рассчитано на 92 аудиторных часа (Unit 1 – 10ч., Unit 2- 8ч., Unit 3 – 6ч., Unit 4 – 10ч., Unit 5 – 8ч., Unit 6 – 10ч., Unit 7 – 14ч., Unit 8 – 12ч., Unit 9 – 12ч.).
Целью пособия является развитие навыков и умений использования английского языка в сфере профессионального общения. Пособие содержит аутентичные тексты по основным темам специальности. Система упражнений, разработанных с учетом современных тенденций в теории и практике преподавания иностранных языков, направлена на развитие умений чтения, говорения, письменной речи, а также на развитие стратегий обучения и учебной автономии. Пособие можно использовать как основной курс, либо как дополнение к базовому курсу по данной специальности.
The textbook is primarily intended for classroom use, but we believe you will also find it useful for self-study. Each of the 9 units has authentic input texts and practice tasks and the activities require you to develop the language skills you need or will need in real life, beyond the classroom (e.g. taking part in meetings and discussions, making presentations, interpreting diagrams\graphs, writing reports etc.). Each task demands the use of one main skill (e.g. reading), which is, however, integrated with other skills (speaking, writing), just as in real-life communication. For example, while trying to extract the main ideas from a text that you are reading, you will have to complete a table, take notes, which you will later use to make oral presentations, take part in discussions or writing reports. At the end of each unit there are also key terms, answers to the exercises and evaluation questions.
We hope you will find these materials challenging and interesting. Work in pairs or groups (e.g. project work) will give you the chance to share your knowledge, opinions and feelings and a lot of opportunities to develop your English skills. We also hope you will find the activities which require you to use the Internet motivating and meaningful.
We believe this textbook will encourage you in developing your own learning styles and learning strategies.
We hope you enjoy learning with this textbook.
Good luck with your English and with your future job! Unit 1 Social Work: What is it Unit 2 Social Workers Code of Ethics Unit 3 Social Security Policy Unit 4 Disability Unit 5 Discrimination against Women – is it Really a Great Problem Unit 6 Family in the Modern World Unit 7 Natural and Human Disasters and Disaster Relief Unit 8 Charity Unit 9 International Organizations Dealing with Social Problems Answer Keys Key Terms References Social Work: What is it I hear - I know. I see - I remember. I do - I understand.
1 Look at this drawing. What associations do you have connected with the phrase “social work” Work with a partner and complete the drawing with as many words as you can.
Social work poverty 2 Compare your drawing with another pair’s. How many words are the same Extend your diagram.
3 Come up with your own definition of ‘social work’ and write it down. Work in pairs and share your ideas with the partner.
4 Make comments on the quotation given at the beginning of the unit.
5 You are going to read a text about social work in the USA. Four paragraphs (A-D) have been removed from the text. Choose from paragraphs A-D the one which fits each gap (1-4).
A. Some give advice to elderly people or family members about choices in areas such as housing, transportation, and long-term care; they also coordinate and monitor services. Through employee assistance programs, they may help workers cope with job-related pressures or with personal problems that affect the quality of their work.
B. Some work on interdisciplinary teams that evaluate certain kinds of patients — geriatric or organ transplant patients, for example. Medical and public health social workers may work for hospitals, nursing and personal care facilities, individual and family services agencies, or local governments.
C. Other types of social workers include social work planners and policymakers, who develop programs to address such issues as child abuse, homelessness, substance abuse, poverty, and violence. These workers research and analyze policies, programs, and regulations.
They identify social problems and suggest legislative and other solutions. They may help to raise funds or write grants to support these programs.
A. Most social workers specialize. Although some conduct research or Nature of the Work are involved in planning or policy development, most social workers prefer an area of practice in which they interact with clients.
Social work is a profession for social workers may be known as child those with a strong desire to help improve welfare social workers, family services other people’s lives. Social workers help social workers, child protection services people to function the best way they can in social workers, occupational social their environment, deal with their workers, or gerontology social workers.
relationships, and solve personal and Medical and public health social family problems. Social workers often see workers provide persons, families, or clients who face a life-threatening disease vulnerable populations with the or a social problem. These problems may psychosocial support needed to cope with include inadequate housing, chronic, acute, or terminal illnesses, such as unemployment, serious illness, disability, Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, or AIDS. They or substance abuse. Social workers also also advise family caregivers, counsel assist families that have serious domestic patients, and help with a plan for patients’ conflicts, including those involving child needs after discharge by arranging for ator spousal abuse. home services—from meals-on-wheels to Social workers often provide oxygen equipment.
social services in health-related settings 3 Mental health and that now are governed by managed care substance abuse social workers assess and organizations. To contain costs, these treat individuals with mental illness, or organizations are emphasizing short-term substance abuse problems, including abuse intervention, ambulatory and community- of alcohol, tobacco, or other drugs. Such based care, and greater decentralization of services include individual and group services. therapy, outreach, crisis intervention, _1 social rehabilitation, and training in skills Child, family, and school social workers for everyday living. They may also help provide social services and assistance to with a plan for supportive services to ease improve the social and psychological patients’ return to the community. Mental functioning of children and their families health and substance abuse social workers and to maximize the family well-being are likely to work in hospitals, substance and academic functioning of children. abuse treatment centers, individual and Some social workers assist single parents, family services agencies, or local arrange adoptions; and help find foster governments. These social workers may be homes for neglected, abandoned, or known as clinical social workers.
abused children. In schools, they address 4_ Social such problems as teenage pregnancy, workers held about 477,000 jobs in 2002.
misbehavior, and truancy. They also About 4 out of 10 jobs were in State or advise teachers on how to cope with local government agencies, primarily in problem students. Some social workers departments of health and human services.
may specialize in services for senior Most private sector jobs were in the health citizens. They run support groups for care and social assistance industry.
family caregivers or for the adult children Although most social workers are of aging parents. employed in cities or suburbs, some work 2_Child, family, in rural areas.
and school social workers typically work in individual and family services agencies, (http://www.collegegrad.com/careers/proft.shtml) schools, State or local governments. These 6 Look at the words in bold in the text and try to explain them.
7 In groups of three discuss the following points:
- What are the main types of social workers mentioned in the text - What are advantages and disadvantages of these types of social workers - What type do you prefer for your future specialization Why 8 The following table shows 2002 employment in the USA by type of social worker. Make your comments on the data given. Work in pairs and share your ideas with your partner.
Type of work Number of workers Child, family, and school social workers 274,Medical and public health social workers 107,Mental health and substance abuse social workers 95,(http://www.collegegrad.com/careers/proft41.shtml) 9 Disclose the meaning of the following terms used in the text you are going to read:
ofull-time social workers ovoluntary nonprofit agencies olong-term care facilities osubstance abuse social workers omedian annual earning omental health 10 Read the text below that reveals the problem of working conditions and earnings in the USA.
Working Conditions and Earnings Full-time social workers usually tend to patient care or client needs, many work a standard 40-hour week; however, hospitals and long-term care facilities are some occasionally work evenings and employing social workers on teams with a weekends to meet with clients, attend broad mix of occupations — including clinical community meetings and handle specialists, registered nurses, and health emergencies. Some, particularly in voluntary aides.
nonprofit agencies, work part-time. Social Median annual earnings of child, workers usually spend most of their time in family, and school social workers were an office or residential facility, but may also $33,150 in 2002. The middle 50 percent travel locally to visit clients, meet with earned between $26,310 and $42,940. The service providers or attend meetings. Some lowest 10 percent earned less than $21,270, may use one of several offices within a local and the top 10 percent earned more than area in which to meet with clients. The work, $54,250. Median annual earnings in the while satisfying, can be emotionally industries employing the largest numbers of draining. Understaffing and large caseloads child, family, and school social workers in add to the pressure in some agencies. To 2002 were:
Elementary and secondary schools $44,Local government 38,State government 34,Individual and family services 29,Other residential care facilities 28,Median annual earnings of medical and the top 10 percent earned more than and public health social workers were $56,320. Median annual earnings in the $37,380 in 2002. The middle 50 percent industries employing the largest numbers of earned between $29,700 and $46,540. The medical and public health social workers in lowest 10 percent earned less than $23,840, 2002 were:
General medical and surgical hospitals $42,Local government 37,State government 35,Nursing care facilities 33,Individual and family services 31,Median annual earnings of mental than $21,050, and the top 10 percent earned health and substance abuse social workers more than $52,240. Median annual earnings were $32,850 in 2002. The middle 50 in the industries employing the largest percent earned between $25,940 and numbers of mental health and substance $42,160. The lowest 10 percent earned less abuse social workers in 2002 were:
State government $38,Local government 35,Psychiatric and substance abuse hospitals 34,Outpatient care centers 31,Individual and family services 31,(From: http://www.socialworkers.org/pubs/code/code.asp.) 11 In pairs discuss the challenges provided by the text you have just read and think what could be done to improve the situation.
12 What do you know about working conditions and earnings of social workers in Russia Speak about the main problems that social workers come across in our country. In groups of four make a plan of your ideas and develop some strategies on how to improve the situation.
Be ready to present your opinion in class.
13 Read the following passage about the structure of social work in the USA and to answer the questions bellow.
Social Work Social work is a term used to between these three methods are not describe a variety of organized methods distinct and in all social work great of helping people in some need which emphasis is placed on enabling people to they cannot meet unaided. The use their own resources, and those organization of social work has always resources which already exist within the tended to be related to specific needs or community, in order to help themselves.
problems, such as poverty, delinquency, The uniqueness of social work is and mental or physical disablement. in the blend of some particular values, Social work methods fall into knowledge and skills, including the use of three main categories: social casework relationships as the basis for all which is concerned with individuals and interventions and respect for each their families; social group work in person’s choice and development.
which association with others is the (From: http://www.nber.org/papers/w9913) primary therapeutic agent and community resources. The boundaries 14 What are the three main categories of social work methods 15 What are about the distinctions among the methods 16 Match the words with their definitions.
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