WWW.DISSERS.RU

БЕСПЛАТНАЯ ЭЛЕКТРОННАЯ БИБЛИОТЕКА

   Добро пожаловать!


Pages:     || 2 | 3 | 4 |
УДК 802.0 Федеральное агентство по образованию ББК 81.2Англ.

Омский государственный университет им. Ф.М. Достоевского Н 492 Рецензенты:

ст. преподаватель кафедры иностранных языков, канд. пед. наук П.В. Закотнова;

ст. преподаватель кафедры английского языка, канд. филол. наук Е.Г. Воскресенская;

ст. преподаватель кафедры иностранных языков Е.И. Бояринцева Н 492 Неличные формы английского глагола: учебно-методическое пособие для студентов I, II курсов неязыковых специальностей / сост.

НЕЛИЧНЫЕ ФОРМЫ Ж.В. Лихачева. – Омск: Изд-во ОмГУ, 2006. – 44 с.

АНГЛИЙСКОГО ГЛАГОЛА Пособие состоит из трёх разделов, рассматривающих инфинитив, Учебно-методическое пособие герундий и причастие. В каждой части даётся небольшой комментарий для студентов по данной неличной форме глагола, включающий определение, формообразование, синтаксические функции, способы перевода, устойчивые I, II курсов неязыковых специальностей конструкции. Каждая часть сопровождается рядом упражнений для ознакомления, изучения и закрепления. Заключительная часть содержит тесты и упражнения для контроля умений и навыков.

Содержание учебно-методического пособия соответствует рабочей программе.

Для студентов I, II курсов неязыковых специальностей.

УДК 802.0 ББК 81.2Англ.

© Омский госуниверситет, 2006 Изд-во ОмГУ Омск 2006 2 ПРЕДИСЛОВИЕ 1. ИНФИНИТИВ (THE INFINITIVE) Если при работе с текстом у вас возникли проблемы с использованием неличных форм глаголов, внимательно изучите содержа- Инфинитив – это неличная форма глагола (не изменяется по ние данного пособия, постарайтесь выполнить предложенные уп- лицам, числам и падежам), которая только называет действие. Инражнения, и это поможет вам избавиться от трудностей грамматики. финитив часто называют начальной формой глагола.

Пособие состоит из трех разделов, посвященных инфинитиву, герундию и причастию. В первом разделе «Инфинитив» рассматри- 1.1. Формы инфинитива ваются формы инфинитива, функции инфинитива, способы перево Active Passive да, инфинитивные конструкции, субъективные конструкции с инфиThe child likes to ask many I don’t like to be нитивом (Complex Subject, Complex Object). Во втором разделе «ГеIndefinite questions. asked private рундий» рассматриваются формы герундия и способы перевода. В questions.

третьем разделе «Причастие» рассматриваются формы причастия You seem to be asking too (The ParticipleI, The Participle II), объективный падеж с причастием Continuous many questions today. You – (The Objective Participle Construction, The Absolute Participle Construcshouldn’t be so curious.

tion).

I remember to have asked I remember to В каждой части дается небольшой теоретический комментарий you this question once. have been asked по данной неличной форме глагола, включающий определение, синPerfect my opinion this таксические функции, способы перевода, устойчивые конструкции.

problem.

Комментарий дается на русском языке, так как данные конструкции It’s funny but you seem to являются трудными для понимания и использования в речи, особенhave been asking one the но для студентов, не владеющих английским языком на высоком Perfect Continuous – same question since you уровне. Каждый аспект сопровождается рядом упражнений для озcame here.

накомления, изучения и закрепления. Упражнения расположены в порядке возрастания сложности. Заключительная часть содержит тесты и упражнения для контроля сформированности умений и на- Exercise 1. Render the sentences into Russian paying attention выков. to the forms of the Infinitive.

Работа поможет студентам научиться узнавать грамматические 1. I want you to promise me that you won’t talk to Father without конструкции, использовать их в речи и уметь переводить. Кроме тоme.

го, указания содержат упражнения творческого характера для инди2. There was nothing else to be done but to wait for the next bus.

видуальной работы и работы в группах, что позволяет преподавате3. How fortunate he was to have travelled all over the world and to лю разнообразить деятельность студентов на уроке.

have seen so much.

Предназначено для студентов I, II курсов неязыковых специ4. Professor Jenkins appears to know practically all European lanальностей очного и заочного отделений.

guages.

5. That woman is still sitting. She seems to have been waiting over an hour.

3 6. Doris seemed to be paying no attention to what was going on B. Indefinite or Perfect or Perfect Continuous or Continuous.

round her. 1. He seems (to know/to have known) French quite well.

7. Good bye, Mr. Jackson. Glad to have been of service to you. 2. I was sorry not (to tell/to have told) you the news earlier.

8. This day must be remembered by all people of our country for- 3. The scientists are supposed (to work/to have been working) at the ever. problem for half a year.

9. I didn’t find them in the airport. Their flight must have been can- 4. The parents were going (to have returned/to have been returning) celled. home by midnight.

10. This elderly woman must have been very beautiful many years 5. I only wanted (to help/to have helped) you, don’t take offence.

ago. 6. This man must (be sitting/have been sitting) here for about an 11. According to the schedule, the plane was to have landed three hour. Who can he (be waiting/have waited) for hours ago. 7. I think you should ask someone (to help/to be helping) you.

12. We expected the conference to be held next month. 8. Don’t worry about Dan, he is sure (to be having/to have been 13. There are so many details in the plan to be paid attention to. having fun) at the moment.



14. It was a secret, and no one else was to have been told! 15. There is no light in the window. He must be still sleeping. Exercise 3. Use the appropriate form of the infinitives in brackets.

Exercise 2. Choose between the two given variants from brackets.

1. I don’t want to (talk) to him.

2. He must (read) something funny; he is smiling all the time.

A. Active or Passive.

3. No words can (describe) the beauty of this place: it must (see).

1. I’m sorry (to disturb/to be disturbed) you but that man is still 4. The next morning George seemed to (forget) all about our waiting (to give/to be given) a definite answer.

conversation.

2. He wanted (to make/to be made) some changes in the project.

5. The teacher wanted us to (come) to the class earlier next time.

3. She would never (miss/be missed) a chance to show her 6. She told them to (take off) their shoes at the door.

knowledge.

7. It seems to (rain) since we came to this town.

4. I believe the child deserves (to know/to be known) the truth.

8. I’ve just seen Peterson passing the entrance door; so he can’t 5. The book is likely (to publish/to be published) very soon.

(work) in the laboratory as you said.

6. All people like (to praise/to be praised).

9. You’d better (translate) this text tomorrow or even next week.

7. The child was glad (to have taken/to have been taken) to the 10. The only sound to (hear) was the ticking of the clock on the circus.

wall.

8. I was happy (to have finished/to have been finished) the work on 11. We seem to (fly) over the sea for quite a long time and yet there time.

is no land to (see).

9. He was proud (to have helped/to have been helped) his elder 12. The girl pretended to (read) and not to (notice) me.

brother.

13. The students seem to (work) at their term papers since autumn 10. We were grateful (to have given/to have been given) a good and they still have a lot (do).

room with a big window.

14. You seem to (look for) trouble! 15. I am glad to (tell) this news by you, not by someone else.

5 Exercise 4. Replace the parts in bold type by infinitive phrases. Употребление частицы to перед инфинитивом 1. I hope that I will speak to the dean tomorrow. Частица to не ставится:

2. I am glad that I was able to assist you. 1. После модальных глаголов: must, can/could, may/might, 3. He left the window open that I might hear the music. needn’t, should, 4. How clever of you that you have sent them souvenirs.

5. I was sorry that I had missed the beginning of the match. но ставится после: have to, be to, ought to, be able to.

6. The software, which will be installed in your computer, was specially designed for architects. – We must wait for the others – We are to meet here this time to7. I was so surprised that I couldn’t say a word. before we can start. morrow.

8. Alice is happy because she is having a talk with her favourite – You needn’t get up early to- – I’ll be able to help you only if you actor. morrow. want it.

9. The team members were satisfied after they had been given the second prize.

2. После глаголов let и make, глаголов восприятия (feel, hear, 10. Nobody likes when he is told lies.

see…), в сложном дополнении:

The situation made us change our plans.

Exercise 5. Render the sentences into English using infinitives I heard somebody open the door upstairs.

of different forms.

Let me tell you the truth.

1. Мы решили подыскать новую квартиру.

Но в сложном подлежащем частица to перед инфинитивом 2. Эдвард терпеть не может, когда над ним шутят.

ставится:

3. Посмотрите, кажется, он спит! I was made to tell the truth.

4. Я рад, что вы проводили меня домой.

Nobody was seen to come in through that door.

5. Вы, кажется, уже давно здесь сидите.

6. Дети любят, когда с ними разговаривают как со взрослыми.

3. После выражений had better, would rather, would sooner.

7. Я очень доволен, что мне прислали специальное приглашеYou’d better go home, it’s late.

ние.

I’m grateful for your help, but I’d rather do the work myself.

8. Моя подруга обожает давать всем советы.

9. Я рад, что смог вам помочь.

Exercise 6. Insert the particle “to” where necessary.

10. Она притворяется, что слушает музыку.

1. The teacher made me … repeat it all over again.

2. You seem … know this city very well.

3. You needn’t … ask me for permission. I let you … take my books whenever you like.

4. He heard the door … open and saw a shadow … move across the floor.

5. He is expected … arrive in a few days.

7 6. You’d better … make a note of this information. 4. Инфинитив – часть сказуе- 7. We’d like … stay here a little longer. мого:

8. We got Mother … cut some sandwiches for us. I’m sorry to disturb you. Простите, что беспокою вас.

9. I’ll have … go there alone. You must know the truth. Вы должны знать правду.

10. I’d rather … walk a little before going to bed. 5. Инфинитив – обстоятель- 11. There doesn’t seem … be anything wrong with you. ство:

12. Rose wanted them … stop laughing. I read the story the second time to Я прочел рассказ ещё раз, что13. What made you … tell me lies understand it better. бы лучше его понять.





14. There is nothing … do but … wait till somebody comes … let It was too late to go for a walk. Было уже поздно идти гулять.

us out. He stopped for a second in order Он остановился ненадолго, 15. You ought not … sit up so late. to rest. чтобы отдохнуть.

16. I’ll make him … come earlier.

17. Suvorov was never known … retreat. Exercise 7. Render the sentences paying attention to the func18. Have you ever heard him … complain of difficulties tions of the infinitives.

19. He would sooner … die than … betray his friends.

1. It was impossible to explain what happened.

20. You should … have spoken to your parents long ago.

2. I intended to use the opportunity, as it was too good to be missed.

3. It was getting too hot to work, and we decided to take a short 1.2. Функции инфинитива break.

и способы его передачи на русский язык 4. He came into the room to shut the windows.

5. The Hermitage is too big to be seen in one day.

1. Инфинитив – подлежащее:

6. Do you want me to read the book aloud To make the right choice was dif- Сделать правильный выбор бы7. There is nothing to worry about.

ficult. It was difficult to make the ло трудно.

8. We need a place to live in.

right choice. (формальное под- 9. Jack decided to take a holiday from his work for a day.

лежащее it) 10. She knows English well enough to read Shakespeare in the 2. Инфинитив – дополнение:

original.

The father asked his son to help Отец попросил сына помочь 11. He looked at the shelves of books to be read and understood.

him. ему.

12. The only way was to transport the injured by helicopter.

We found it difficult to help him. Нам было трудно помочь ему.

13. Can anything be done to prevent such accidents 3. Инфинитив – определение:

14. We should give him some work to do.

He was always the last to come. Он всегда приходил последним.

15. The suitcase was full, but there were still many things to be The bridge to be erected has some Возводимый мост (мост, котоpacked.

drawbacks. рый будет построен) имеет несколько недостатков.

9 Exercise 8. Change the structure of the sentences according to 3. He was the first man who guessed what George was trying to the model. say.

4. There is nothing we must discuss now. Everything is settled.

A. It’s difficult to explain this problem. = This problem is difficult 5. A good housewife will always find something that must be done to explain.

about the house.

6. He is not a man who you can easily forget.

1. It is rather hard to read his handwriting.

7. We didn’t know the way, and there wasn’t anyone who we could 2. It’s very pleasant to listen to him.

ask.

3. It was easy to answer this question.

4. It’s hard to polish a diamond.

Exercise 11. Paraphrase the sentences using infinitive phrases 5. It is rather charming to stay at the house, but it will be (инфинитив – обстоятельство).

inconvenient to live in it.

Model:

B. She is pleasant to look at. = It’s pleasant to look at her. 1) The storm was so strong that we couldn’t go out. = The storm was too strong to go out.

1. The rule is easy to remember.

2) The text is short that it can be translated in an hour. = The text 2. The reason of his success is easy to understand.

is short enough to be translated in an hour.

3. To watch this scene was amusing.

4. My Grandfather’s armchair was very comfortable to sit in.

1. It was so dark that he couldn’t see anything before him.

5. His stories are always funny to listen to.

2. He was so angry; he wouldn’t speak to me.

3. You are so experienced; you should know it better.

Exercise 9. Complete the sentences with logical endings (инфи4. The boy was so short that he couldn’t switch on the lights.

нитив – подлежащее).

5. His English is very poor; he can’t make himself understood.

1. The poem is short. It’s easy to … 6. I know French so well that I can read French books in the original.

2. She is a kind person. She is pleasant to … 3. Bert is stubborn. He is difficult to … Exercise 12. Complete the sentences using the infinitives:

4. The text contains many technical terms. It’s hard to … 1. My hobby is … 5. The flat has all conveniences. It’s comfortable to … 2. Write down this rule … 6. He is always at work. It’s impossible to … 3. The night was too dark … 4. The next thing to be done is … Exercise 10. Replace the parts of sentences by infinitive phrases 5. … was the only thing to do.

(инфинитив – определение).

6. After classes we stayed at the university … Model: There weren’t many children in the yard that I could play 7. … was impossible.

with. = There weren’t many children in the yard for me to play with.

8. We must hurry so as not … 9. The weather is warm enough … 1. He is a man one can trust.

10. In the kindergarten children are taught … 2. He was the first person who came to the bar and the last who left it.

11 11. … you must work hard. Exercise 14. Render the sentences into Russian paying atten12. We all promised … tion to the For-to-Infinitive construction:

13. … is usual thing for my sister.

1. It seemed impossible for either of us to remain much longer in 14. I was too surprised … the house.

15. You don’t know this person well enough … 2. The book is very good for a young writer to have written it.

Pages:     || 2 | 3 | 4 |










© 2011 www.dissers.ru - «Бесплатная электронная библиотека»

Материалы этого сайта размещены для ознакомления, все права принадлежат их авторам.
Если Вы не согласны с тем, что Ваш материал размещён на этом сайте, пожалуйста, напишите нам, мы в течении 1-2 рабочих дней удалим его.