УДК 802.0+34 Федеральное агентство по образованию ББК 81.2англ.+67 Омский государственный университет им. Ф.М. Достоевского З-192 Рекомендовано к изданию редакционно-издательским советом ОмГУ Рецензенты:
канд. пед. наук ст. преп. П.В. Закотнова;
ст. преп. С.Д. Оськина ЗАКОН В СИЛЕ З-192 Закон в силе = Law Booster I: учебное пособие для студентов юридического факультета, изучающих английский язык LAW BOOSTER I / сост.: Ю.Б. Дроботенко, Н.А. Назарова. – Омск: Изд-во ОмГУ, 2006. – 104 с.
ISBN 5-7779-0677-Х Учебное пособие для студентов юридического факультета, Представленные в пособии тексты сопровождаются разнообизучающих английский язык разными упражнениями, направленными на освоение профессиональной юридической лексики, развитие умений коммуникации, аннотирования статей и текстов публицистического характера.
Для студентов и аспирантов юридических вузов и факульте тов, слушателей специальных курсов по английскому языку данного профиля, кроме того, рассчитан на широкую аудиторию специалистов и лиц, самостоятельно изучающих уголовное право Великобритании и США.
Российской Федерации по профессиональной подготовке студентов2. Enterprise-3 (coursebook) Virginia Evans, Jenny Dooly. Express Pubюристов высших учебных и специальных заведений учебное пособие lishing, 2001.
ставит своей целью сформировать у обучающихся навыки и умения 3. Enterprise-4 (coursebook) Virginia Evans, Jenny Dooley. Express Pubсамостоятельного чтения оригинальной литературы по специальноlishing, 2001.
сти, умение быстро извлекать информацию в пределах проработанной 4. Inside Out (Student’s Book) Ceri Jones and Tania Bastow with Jon Hird.
Macmillan Publishers Limited, 2001.
тематики, вести беседу, участвовать в полемике, дискуссии, исполь5. Innovations(coursebook) Hugh Dellar and Darryl Hocking with Andrew зуя специальную юридическую терминологию, аннотировать и рефеWalkley. Thomson Heinle, 2004.
рировать текст юридического профиля в оригинале, а также совер6. Just English. Английский для юристов. Базовый курс. Ю.Л. Гума- шенствовать навыки письма. Весь текстовой материал учебного посонова, В.А. Королева-МакАри, М.Л. Свешникова, Е.В. Тихомирова / бия представляет собой аутентичные тексты, неадаптированные и со- Под ред. Т.Н. Шишкиной. – М.: Издательство «Зерцало», 2000. – 256 с.
cations, Section II. Types of Felonies, Section III. Types of Misdemeanors;
8. Mission 1 (coursebook) Virginia Evans, Jenny Dooley. Express PublishUnit II. Felonies and Misdemeanors Punishment, Unit III. Crime reports. ing, 2000.
9. Streamline Connections Bernard Hartley and Peter Viney. Oxford UniВсе разделы содержат проектные задания (Project Activity), направленversity Press, 1986.
ные на развитие навыков самостоятельной работы студентов, которые позволяют успешно решать учебно-профессиональные задачи. К пособию прилагается аудиозапись для совершенствования навыков аудирования.
3 INTERNET SITES You're a judge! 1. Журнал "Наука и Жизнь" Wise beyond your years, you choose to examhttp://www.nkj.ru/ ine all the evidence in front of you, and acknowledge both the opinions of others and facts with equal 2. Российская газета weighting before making your final decision. You http://www.rg.ru/ have a bigger view of society and it’s ways and al3. Australian IT News though some might say you’re out of touch with real http://www.australianit.news.com.au/articles/ ity, you believe in the big ideals such as law, justice and truth.
4. BBC http://www.bbc.co.uk/ 5. Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, Copyright (c) 2005.
UNIT I. FELONIES AND MISDEMEANORS http://www.encyclopedia.com/ SubUnit I. Crime Classifications 6. GotTrouble.com delivers real world solutions to people facing serious legal and financial trouble I. ELICITATION http://www.gottrouble.com/ What associations flash in your mind when you hear the word 7. Guardian Unlimited “crime” http://www.guardian.co.uk/ 8. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia crime http://www.en.wikipedia.org 9. Criminal defense lawyers at Bush, Lewis & Roebuck http://www.beaumontlegalhelp.com/index.html II. DISCUSSION 10. Criminal lawyers’ advice a. Answer the questions.
http://www.lawforkids.org/speakup/view_question.cfmid=b. Do you think we meet different crimes almost every day c. What reasons should a person have to commit a crime d. What conditions could cause such a situation when you are able to break the law e. What crimes do you find to be the most serious/ least serious from your viewpoint f. Should all people be in charge for their actions What punishments are relevant to different crimes and law breaks 5 III. FOCUS ON LEXIS 2. Complete the blanks in the table where it is possible, looking up a dictionary.
1. Find the explanations for the following terms, paying attention to crime criminal verb, word-combination the clues given.
… felon … crime … to commit a crime 1. felony 9. violation … offender … 2. misdemeanor 10. infringement misdemeanor … … 3. crime 11. breach wrongdoer to do smth. illegal 4. offence 12. contravention … delinquent … 5. misdeed 13. lawbreaking … … to violate 6. misconduct 14. illegality … … to infringe 7. wrongdoing 15. malpractice … … … 8. delinquency breach … to contravene … lawbreaker … a) according to the degree of seriousness, it is a very serious crime … illegal … b) according to the degree of seriousness, it is a less serious crime malpractice … … c) a general term referring to illegal action or activity for which a person can be punished by law d) an action that breaks a particular law and requires a particular pun3. Match up the parts of the words and complete the list of Russian ishment equivalents.
e) a bad or evil act f) a bad, unacceptable or dishonest behaviour, especially by a profes– небрежное, преступное отa.
sional person or someone who has a position of responsibility ношение к своим обязанноlegal g) behaviour that is illegal or wrong from moral point of view стям h) criminal behaviour especially that of young people 1. 4. b. e.
i) an action that is in opposition to a law, agreement, principle etc.
– незаконный il- wrong - practice breaker j) an action that infringes something – нарушать правило, закон (2) k) an act of breaking an agreement, law or promise 2. 5. c. f. l) a contra-act to what is allowed by the law or rule mis- mis- deed doer – нарушитель закона m) to disobey the law _ n) non-legal action – правонарушитель 3. 6. d. g.
o) careless or criminal behaviour by someone with a professional or offi_ law- in- fringe demean cial job (often doctors and lawyers) – нарушение, преступление _ 7.
mal- 7 4. Scrambled words. Historical background:
Unscramble the terms taken from Exercise 1. Crimes are sometimes divided according to their nature:
– mala (malum) in se – "Wrong in itself", the class comprises those a. liceparmact g. nelyfo acts that are thought to be immoral or wrong in themselves, or naturally evil, b. conefef h. doncicmuts such as murder, rape, arson, burglary, larceny, and the like.
c. tioliavon i. asemrionmed – mala (malum) prohibita – "Prohibited wrong", the class embraces d. ecmir j. hebarc those acts that are not naturally evil but are prohibited by statute because e. gmetirfninen k. vtortoniancen they infringe on the rights of others (e.g., acts in restraint of trade that have f. elynneqduci been made criminal under antitrust legislation).
But usually crimes are classified as treason, felony, or misdemeanor.
5. Complete the expressions with one of the most appropriate term In law, treason is the crime of disloyalty to one's nation. A person, from the box and fill in the gaps in the sentences given:
who betrays the nation of their citizenship and/or reneges on an oath of loyalty and in some way willfully cooperates with an enemy, is considered to be infringement delinquency contravention crime a traitor. Treason is defined as citizen's actions to help a foreign government misconduct violation breach offences overthrow, make war against, or seriously injure the parent nation. One permalpractice son's traitor is another's patriot.
The fundamental distinction between felonies and misdemeanors minor… … of airspace rests with the penalty and the power of imprisonment. In general, a misorganized… … of regulation demeanor is an offense for which a punishment other than death or imprisprofessional… … of security onment in the state prison is prescribed by law. The term “degree of crime” medical… in … of the terms of the treaty refers to distinctions in the culpability of an offense because of the circumjuvenile… stances surrounding its commission.
1. He is known to be a very professional doctor. So any allegations The origin of the terms:
of … can damage his reputation.
2. The growing problem of … is a specific feature of Italian society.
felony misdemeanor 3. According to the statistics, the rate of … indicates the effective1. Latin – fel, gall. Misdemeanor comes from the verb ness of political course in the country.
2. Latin – felonia, is a word that demean, meaning “to conduct”, 4. The press – secretary persuaded that it was a … and now the crew imports action. which is the Latin minari via Old members of the plane are answering the questions of FBI officers.
3. it is derived from two words, French.
5. Pickpocketing and shoplifting belong to the category of ….
fee, which, in ancient Anglo- 6. The behavior of local authorities was distinguished as a ….
Saxon had, and in modern 7. The … is punishable by a fine.
English has, a meaning which 8. The party decided to lead the agitation in....
approaches to that of property 9. The investigator thinks it could happen due to the … of bank se or money; and lon, which in curity. The burglars broke the alarm system of the building and modern German means got into.
“price”: fee lon is therefore “pretium feudi”.
9 ASK THE LAWYER SubUnit II. Types of Felonies QUESTION: What is the difference between a felony and a misdemeanor ANSWER: When you commit a crime in our society, you have to be punI. ELICITATION ished. How much punishment a criminal gets depends on how bad their What associations flash in your mind when you hear the word crime was.
“felony” To help determine how bad a crime was, the crime is called either a 'felony' or a 'misdemeanor'.
Felonies are more serious crimes, and misdemeanors are less serious crimes. felony Both can also result in imprisonment.
Felonies and misdemeanors are also given a number explaining how serious the crime is. The most serious crime is a 'class one felony', and the least II. DISCUSSION serious crime is a 'class three misdemeanor'. Here's how the order goes:
CLASS 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, & 6 FELONIES, CLASS 1, 2 & 3 MISDEMEANORS.
Answer the questions.
A class 1 misdemeanor falls right after a class 6 felony.
a. What do you know about felony crimes What types of felony crimes are the most serious from your point of view b. Do you think that it is really necessary to divide all the crimes into the categories Do you find a “treason-felony-misdemeanor” division to be practically adjustable c. What are advantages and disadvantages of such a division d. What division could you propose III. FOCUS ON LEXIS 1. The box below gives the names of 22 crimes. The list gives the definitions of the same crimes. Match the crimes to their definitions.
arson • assassination • assault • bigamy • blackmail bribery • burglary • embezzlement • espionage • extortion forgery • fraud • libel • manslaughter • murder • perjury piracy • robbery • slander • smuggling • theft • treason 1. acting in such a way as to make someone believe he or she will be hurt 2. betraying your country to a foreign power 3. copying patented inventions or copyrighted works 4. entering a building illegally and stealing things 5. getting money from people by threatening to publicise facts they do not want revealed 11 6. getting money from people by using threats 5. "Well this obviously isn't my suitcase. I've never seen these things be7. getting property or money from people by making them believe untrue fore in my life. The monogram Well, they are my initials, but that must things be a coincidence. That's probably how the two cases got mixed up. After 8. going through a ceremony of marriage when you are still married to all, they aren't very unusual initials. A photograph with me in it My someone else word, that's incredible! It must be someone who knows me..." 9. killing a public figure illegally and intentionally 6. "I didn't know my wife was still alive, I thought she'd died in a car acci10. killing someone illegally and intentionally dent. I couldn't believe it when I saw her walk into the room. Surely you 11. killing someone unintentionally or in mitigating circumstances don't think I married you just to get your money..." 12. making an illegal copy of a banknote or document 7. "You misunderstand me. When I offered him the money I meant it as a 13. offering money corruptly to get someone to do something to help you gift. I know that life can be difficult for a young man on a police salary, 14. saying something which damages someone's character especially if he has a family, young children etcetera. It isn't easy and I 15. setting fire to a building know that. I just wanted to help. I didn't expect him to do anything in re16. stealing something by using force or threatening to use force turn..." 17. stealing, taking property which belongs to someone else 8. "After leaving the office I realised I'd forgotten my umbrella. I went 18. taking goods illegally into or out of a country back in to get it. When I went in I noticed that the photocopier was still 19. telling lies when you have sworn an oath to say what is true in court turned on. It had been working very badly all day, and I decided to 20. trying to find out secrets by illegal means quickly see what was wrong with it before going home. I made a few 21. using illegally or stealing money which you are looking after for some- test copies of documents that were in the office; I didn't even look at one else what I was copying. The machine seemed to be working much better. I 22. writing, publishing or broadcasting a statement which damages some- put the copies in my briefcase – intending to use the other side as noteone's character paper. I don't believe in wasting paper. At that moment Mr. Sanders came out of his office..." 2. Below are ten statements by defendants. Read the statements and 9. "I painted them for pleasure. I had no intention of deceiving people. I say what crime each one has been accused of. never said they were by other people. Yes, I did include the signatures of other artists but that's because I wanted them to be perfect copies..." 1. "I arrived home late and found that I'd forgotten my keys. I didn't want 10. "Mr. Wills sent me the money to help me in my business venture – I'm to wake my wife up, and I saw there was a ladder in the garden of the trying to start a design agency. He sent me cheques every month for house next door. I got the ladder and climbed in. We've just moved $1200. A couple of times he sent extra when I had special expenses. It house and I didn't realise I was in the wrong street..." was always understood that he would participate in the profits of the 2. "I was walking my dog when I saw the gun lying on the ground. I picked business when it was running. We didn't write anything down, it was an it up – it was still warm – and at that moment I saw the body lying in the oral agreement. The photographs I have of him with his secretary have long grass. I went across to look and it was my business partner. That's no connection with these payments." when the police arrived..." 3. "I opened the bank account in a false name as a way to help my employer pay less tax – it's perfectly legal.
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