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Mcepco opaoa Poccco eepa Taoc ocyapce exec yepce MAH OP COPTPOB APTOE Meoece yaa aopaop paoa cyeo 3 4 ypco eoo aooo oee ceaoc 311300 Tao aeco TT 2001 1 631/33(075/3) 072.073 12 epeo Peaoo-aec coeo yepcea Peee aa execx ay, oe A B Mueo Cocae:

B anycmu, E ao, A B Muoao K12 Ma yop coppo apoe: Meo. ya. / Coc.: B.. ayc, . E. ao, A. B. Moao. Tao: -o Ta. oc. ex. y-a, 2001. 28 c.

a eoece yaa aopaop paoa o ce "Cecoxocee eopae a" cyeo eoo aooo oee ceaoc 311300.

631/33(075/3) 072.073 Taoc ocyapce exec yepce (TT), 2001 2 OE CBEEH Apoexa oea o-exaece coca apoe. opa apoe cocae 45... 60 % ox apa a oeae apoe c c e, o o (y) axoc o oepxoc o, o e, apep, 4... 6 ye, aa oa pae oce a 1 c o 200 o.

apoe oea paec o cex oeo-aecx oax Poccco eepa, a cee ceepx. ocaa apoe poa, peea aa c po eyp 70 c. oco copo caa c paccoe ey y pe ooo 30 c, o oeceae paeee ooo 50 c. yco a 1 a.

apoe oe xopoo ypa a cocoo oo p cooa pa yop, ocoaoo a oaa aca o c y oceye ceapa x o o.

Coco yop acca apoeeyopox a B acoc o oeo-aecx yco, paepo peea oe, ypoaoc apoe ypa apoeeoae oaa.

apoeeoae aae y, oee o x oy cpacae y, oy o a oepxoc o. B oceye y opa paoe.

Bapao oaoo yop p: ooaa, poe oapoae, yxaa (paea) opoaa.

p ooao yope ce oepa (aae ye, oeee o x o, o, ae opya ye pacopoe cpeco) apoeeyopo oa oe a o poxo o o.

Paey yopy pe a oax oeo aoc. p o coy apoeeoae-aoya apoeeyopoe oa. apoeeoae aae y yx, epex ec po, poceae oy, oee oy o ye copae x o ao. Be y pocxa eee 2... 4 , ae x opa oao.

opoa cocoo ypa apoe, oeae a oceappoax oax. B o cyae apoeeoae-aoya aae y yx epex cex po, oee oy cpacae ee a ypaoe oe. ae yaae y eype yx po, oope aee oaae oa. Ceoaeo, oa oopeeo ypae y aa oaaex po, o oae eo pooeoc cae acopeoc ye oo.

apoeeoae oa o aa y p ye x aea o 22 c pe yex e o 40 c. pe ep oe ea a oepxoc o e eee % ypoa ye, p o opeex oe e oee 3 %. oa oe copa yep e eee 97 % ypoa apoe. oep cex o e o pea 3 %, coa ypaoo apoe e eee 80 %. oa eecoopao pe a ox c e cpe oa, oa coo ypoaoc apoe, oope apoeeoae (p) - a eox yacax, acopex a.

apoeeyopoe a accpy o eoy apeapoa, y ocooo ceappyeo opaa cy oopeeo oaaex po.

o eoy apeapoa paa epe py a: pee, oyaece, aece a paop, aece a caoxoe acc oa.

o y ocooo ceappyeo paoeo opaa: eaope, poxoe, apaae apoeeyopoe a.

Taa Ocoe exece ae a yop apoe Ma p c p Paoa po Macc Apeap a o a oe a, oae axa p e copoc oc, a, o yp a/ , c apoee oae:

p 0,7 1 0, 60, 3,6... 0,2... 190 T-25A 70, 4,6 0,oo a TH-1A Meaop 1,4 2 70 2,5... 0,3... 730 6A, 3,6 0,45 Maeco 6AM, TH-2B MT-80/Meaop 6A, 1,4 2 70 3,6... 0,4... Maeco 8,3 0,6AM, CT-1,MT-80/82, T-75MB Mpao 1,4 1 140 3,6... 0,55... 6A, a pax 4,8 0,MCT-1,46AM, MT-80/82, T-75MB oa:

MToyae 2,1 3 70 3,6 0,5... 80/82, co 0,T-75MB -eao 1,4 2 70 1,8... 0,3... MTp 4,0 0,80/82, oya T-75MB eco -2A pooeue ma. Ma p c p Paoa po Macc Apeap a o a oe a, oae axa p e copoc oc, a, o yp a/ , c caoxo 2,8 4 70 1,0... 0,8... 1150 C- 6,0 1,6 caoxo 2,8 4 70 1,0... 0,8... 1200 C6,0 1,6 4A-T-25A, apoe - - - - 15* epo ecoppo ae a- ooc y C-15 4 B * pooeoc aa / apoeeyopoe oa ae ceo oo oo- yxp, o ec pex epexpe oyaece caoxoe oa.



aopamopa paoma EHE CTPOCTBA APTOEEOATEE CT-1,4 TH-2B e paom: y ycpoco, ocoe peypo paoy apoeeoaee CT-1,4; TH-2B.

aaue: 1 y aaee, ycpoco exooec poecc pao apoeeoaee CT-1,4 TH-2B.

2 y ocoe peypo CT-1,4 TH-2B.

Haaee apoeeoaee CT-1,4 TH-2B Copoco paop apoeeoae eaopoo a CT-1,4 peaae oaa yx po apoe a cex ax o, o ce a cycx ex, a ae a ax opax. apoeeoae TH-2B pe yop a ex cpex oax.

Oee ycpoco paoe poecc apoeeoaee apoeeoae eaopoo a CT-1,4 yxp oyaeco paoae c paopo acca 14 H. Oco ya oae c eexa 2 (pc. 1), copoco 3, ocoo 7 aca 6 eaop, pyo o 9, exa epea e, paa 4, oopoe oeco xooe oeca 5.

Pao poecc poeae cey opao. eexa oaa a pa apoe epea oy c y a eaop 3. Ha o eaope yeoc ac papyaec, aea ac o oceaec epe poce ey pya. ecoy papye aca cococy oeec eexa 2. yy xoa eexo opaae opyee oeco 1. y, oca o o ocya c eaopa 3 a ocoo eaop 7 aee a aca 6. O pacooe ecoo e ocooo, ooy ac ocaxc oex oo, aa, paaec poceaec co poce ey pya eaopa. oo ye, o oex oo p cxoe c acaoo eaopa ecoo cyaec a 9 cpacaec a oepxoc o, oya y opa pyy. ee pao opaa a epeaec o BOM paopa epe apay epeay 8 opoy epea.

Haeco apoeeoae TH-2B paoae o o e cxee, o oae CT-1,4, o e ee ooeoo copocoo eaopa. Ocycye ae opyee oeco. Oco eo pao opaa c eexa, ocoo aca eaop opaae. eexo p a ocox, o ooy a a po cpe. ooae eexa yeoce ac ocya a ocoo pyo eaop. ec oa papxec poceaec co poce ey pya. eo-cpxae cpxa epx e eaopa, cococy papye oex oo . Ocaac acca ye o ocyae a aca eaop aee cpacaec a oepxoc o. Opaae e peeo pacooe oa acaoo eaopa, cya oo ye ocaec o.

6 a) 3 2 6 ) Pc. 1 apoeeoae CT-1,4:

a - o ; - yoaa cxea; 1 - opyee oeco; 2 - eex;

3 - copoco eaop; 4 - paa; 5 - xoooe oeco; 6 - aca eaop;

7 - ocoo eaop; 8 - apaa epeaa; 9 - oo pyo o cpoco paox opao exao apoeeoaee CT-1,4 TH-2B eexa. oae CT-1,4 eexa 1 (pc. 2, a) aoo ec. O oec pooae c ayo 14 acoo 498, 560 623 oea yy acoc o epeaooo ooe, oopoe ycaaa ce eoa c z = 16, 18 20 a eo (o xoy a) ay opo epea. eexa e oe a 2. C pao a eexa ca appo poea oeca, oope oec a ocx peox yax.

eexa poc ee aya 3 o cepo 4, copoax a ay 5 o yo 180 o pyoy. ooy eexa oec co ceee o ae 180, .e. poooox apaex. peee ax eexo cae eoxooc ocao ooeoo eexa. poe oo, oeaec papyee aca caec copoee eo pea o cpae c acc eexa.

4 a) 2 ) Pc. 2 eexa apoeeoaee:

a - CT-1,4: 1 - eexa; 2 - oe a; 3 - ay; 4 - cep; 5 - a;

6 - eoa; - TH-2B: 1, 5 - pae eexa; 2, 4 - poe; 3 - oe a;

6 - cpe eex oae TH-2B ee p accx eexa: a pax 1 5 (pc. 2, ) o cpe 6.

pae cpe eexa paac paepa aoo. pax eexo aoa e cepxy, a y cpeeo - cy. pae eexa pec poea 2 4 oox ceo pa, cpe - poey epeeo oa cpee ce. Cpe eex ycpae aae pace ocaa cpee peo ac a. B ae ac eexa e oe a 3, epe oope poceaec ac o. a epepa poce ey a opea eexo epee ac ocooo eaopa peopaa aae ae o ece, a ae poaae ye. oa a axaac e e ocooo eaopa aac e ey eaopo eexo, oo ae poaec, oopaac appe pee eexy, ae occ a oepxoc eaopa.

eamop. B ae CT-1,4 ce p eaopa (copoco, ocoo aca) e pepo oaooe ycpoco oe e pyox ooe epeee acc ye c oo. ooa copa pyo 1 (pc. 3, a) cax aoax ee 3, opayx ey opoy. Mey e ocae y 4. B cpee ac py ca cea coa 2. ooo copocoo eaopa aeo a eo eyeo aa oae apae po oepae eo. Bey a copocoo eaopa ca eo epeae c e ao opo epea. Ceo eoe a apyo oe aa c z = 16, 18 20 oo oy p pacee copoc e ooa - 2,03; 2,28 2,54 /c.





ece cpxae ocyec oea epxx ee ocooo acaoo eaopo. p paoe a ex oax cpxae ae oepa eoa. peoxpae ye o opee py acaoo eaopa opee. Copoc ooe eaopo oo e ocaoo cex eoe c z = 28 32 a ey a ocooo eaopa, caoo eo epeae c pa xo ao opo epea.

Ocoo eaop oae TH-2B pecae coo e ecoee e, paeee o pe pooo epeopoo. e copa capx pao, aex a eo eyeo aa, apae oece po, oepae eo cpxae. Cape pa 3 (pc. 3, ) coee yo e 1. Pa e apee aa 5. p ao py pao cpyc pooo coa 2. B e ac eaopa e opaec a apae oece po. O copoa a apox oax. B cpee ac eaopa e opaec a oepae eo cpxae 4, a ce oopx epx e eaopo e oyae pee oea. Ocoo eaop oyae ee o eyeo aa, caoo eo epeae c xo ao opo epea.

aca eaop oe e oo ecoeo e e cpee epeopo. Bepx e acaoo eaopa opaec a apy cpxaee apy oepax eoe.

aca eaop oyae ee eo epeae o eyeo aa ocooo eaopa. Ha eye ay acaoo eaopa copoa cep, poe oeaeoe ee aayc peey.

Omoue umu u aaac peema. oa acaoo eaopa pacooe cyae , ooe oo ye cpee ac a peoxpae y o pacaa.

oe e peeo c yopoe pya. oae TH-2B a aca eaopo ycaoea aaac peea, oopa ooeo oee oee o yaae y a oepxoc o.

Mexau nepeau ueu. Paoe opa eaopx apoeeoaee oya ee o BOM paopa, caoo apao epeae c pe ao opo oeco epea. a TH-2B opoe oeea apa oecx ecepe c co ye z = 18 a oe peoo aa 3 2 a) 3 2 ) Pc. 3 ooa eaopo:

a - CT-1,4: 1 - py; 2 - coa; 3 - eo; 4 - ya;

- TH-2B: 1 - eo; 2 - coa; 3 - paa; 4 - cpxae; 5 - ao z = 24 a xoo ay. Ha oe oo aa ocaea eoa, epeaa ee yoopooo e eoe eyeo aa ocooo eaopa. Bey a paaec c acoo o/ ca eo epeae c epeao ooee 1:1 (z = 15) c ey (cepo) ao acaoo eaopa. cepa aa poc oeaeoe ee peea. oae CT-1,4 opoe epea oece ecep e co ye z paoe 20 25. ee xooo aa opo epeaec c eo copo (o xoy a) a eoy eyeo aa copocoo eaopa ce eoa c pao copo - a ocoo eaop. O eyeo aa ocooo eaopa paee epeaec a ey a acaoo eaopa, a o eyeo aa copocoo eaopa eo epeae oyae ee cepo a poa eexo. B ccey epea e peoxpaee y, paee epea p epepyax. Bce epea opae a.

oomoa apmoeeonamee paome. oooa apoeeyopooo apeaa (apoeeoae paopa) paoe aaec poepe paoc cop apoeeoae, acpoe peypoe eo yo, oooe paopa pcoee ey oae, oae apeaa xoocy a pox poxoax. p poepe paoc cop opaa ae a aeoc pee cex yo eae. Ocooe ae opaa a peee apax oepax poo eoe, a ae cpxaee. Bce ocaee o a o ay o oaa. a oo pee poo cpxaee o aoa. poep ae aee ooe pyox eaopo epeaox ee. ee pocae ooe oe pec oy, o e x e ay aea a oepxoc o. B peyae oo yy aac poce ey pya, a ca py yy eoppoac, yxyc opaoe poceae o a epxe e ooa.

Ocoe peyupou. apoeeoaee peypy ocoo yy xoa eexo pe pao eaopo. ya xoa eexo y aecx a ycaaaec oe a epx poxoax eee epxe aec (TH-2B) ypao epeeo oeca.

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